331ー340 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 331ー340 Deck (85):
1

大黒柱

だいこくばしら
central pillar (of a building)
mainstay (e.g. of an economy), backbone (e.g. of a family), provider, main man

2

黒板

こくばん
blackboard

3

真っ黒

まっくろ

4

黒船

くろふね
black ships (i.e. Western ships, often painted with tar, that came to Japan in the 16th century)
product, person, etc. arriving from the West and disturbing the Japanese market, etc.

5

暗黒

あんこく
darkness
тьма, мрак, темнота

6

黒潮

くろしお
Japan Current, Kuroshio Current

7

コク
くろい、くろ
English: black

8

ゾウ
ます、ふえる、ふやす
English: increase, add, augment, gain, promote

9

増える

ふえる
to increase, to multiply

10

増やす

ふやす
to increase, to add to, to augment

11

増す

ます
to increase, to grow

12

増大

ぞうだい
enlargement, increase

13

増税

ぞうぜい
tax increase

14

増減

ぞうげん
increase and decrease, fluctuation

15

ぞう
increase
例:利益増

16

増額

ぞうがく
increased amount

17

セイ、ショウ、シン
きよい、きよまる、きよめる、きよらか
English: pure, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu dynasty

18

清らか

きよらか
clean, pure, chaste

19

清い

きよい
clear, pure, noble

20

清める

きよめる
to purify, to cleanse, to exorcise, to purge, to ward off

21

清書

せいしょ
clean copy

22

清潔

せいけつ
clean, hygienic, sanitary
pure, virtuous, immaculate

23

清水

しみず
spring water
clear (pure) water

24

清涼

せいりょう
cool, refreshing

25

清純

せいじゅん
purity, innocence

26

清流

せいりゅう
clear stream

27

カク
たしかめる、たしか
English: assurance, firm, tight, hard, solid, confirm, clear, evident

28

確か

たしか
certain, sure, definite
if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly

29

確実

かくじつ
certainty, reliability, soundness

30

確保

かくほ
guarantee, maintain, ensure, insure, secure, reservation

31

確立

かくりつ
establishment, settlement
to establish, to settle

32

確率

かくりつ
probability, likelihood, chances

33

確かめる

たしかめる
to ascertain, to check, to make sure

34

正確

せいかく
accurate, punctual, exact, authentic, veracious

35

的確
適確

てきかく、てっかく
precise, accurate
точный, аккуратный

36

ソク
かわ、がわ
そば
English: side, lean, oppose, regret

37

外側

そとがわ

38

内側

うちがわ

39

裏側

うらがわ
the reverse, other side, lining

40

西側

にしがわ
west side, west bank

41

片側

かたがわ
one side

42

向こう側

むこうがわ
other side, opposite side, other party

43

側面

そくめん
side, flank, aspect, dimension, profile, sidelight, lateral

44

資金

しきん
funds, capital

45

シ、シする
English: assets, resources, capital, funds, data, be conducive to, contribute to

46

資格

しかく
qualifications, requirements, capabilities

47

資源

しげん
Natural resources

48

資本金

しほんきん
capital stock

49

融資

ゆうし
financing, loan

50

出資

しゅっし
investment, contribution, financing

51

物資

ぶっし
goods, materials

52

資本主義

しほんしゅぎ
capitalism

53

ヘン
かえす、かえる
English: return, answer, fade, repay

54

返す

かえす
to return (something), to restore, to put back

55

返済

へんさい
repayment, reimbursement, refund, redemption

56

引き返す

ひきかえす
to repeat, to send back, to bring back, to retrace one's steps

57

振り返る

ふりかえる
to turn head, to look over one's shoulder, to turn around, to look back
to think back (on), to reminisce, to look back (on), to reflect (on)

58

返事

へんじ
reply, answer, response

59

返上

へんじょう
give up, relinquish, serve up, let loose

60

見返り

みかえり
collateral, reward, compensation, security, quid pro quo

61

返る

かえる
to return, to come back, to go back

62


うたう、うた
English: song, sing

63

歌手

かしゅ

64

歌舞伎

かぶき

65

流行歌

りゅうこうか
popular song, hit song

66

短歌

たんか
tanka, 31-mora Japanese poem

67

和歌山県

わかやまけん

68

ニン、ニンじる/ずる
まかせる、まかす
English: responsibility, duty, term, entrust to, appoint

69

責任

せきにん

70

就任

しゅうにん
inauguration, assumption of office
вступление в должность

71

辞任

じにん
to resign

72

主任

しゅにん
person in charge, responsible official, senior staff

73

任命

にんめい
appointment, nomination, ordination, commission, designation
назначение

74

解任

かいにん
dismissal

75

任意

にんい
optional, voluntary, arbitrary, random, discretionary, facultative, spontaneous, any

76

番号

ばんごう

77

本番

ほんばん
performance, take, going before an audience or on-air
game, season, crucial moment

78

順番

じゅんばん

79

110番

ひゃくとおばん

80

119番

ひゃくじゅうきゅうばん

81

出番

でばん
one's turn

82

背番号

せばんごう
number on player's back

83

交番

こうばん
police box

84

当番

とうばん
being on duty

85

黒字

くろじ
balance (figure) in the black