3.4 Organic Compounds Flashcards Preview

Science 8th Grade > 3.4 Organic Compounds > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.4 Organic Compounds Deck (20):
1

a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon

organic compound

2

formulas used to show how atoms in a molecule are connected

structural formulas

3

an organic compound composed only of carbon and hydrogen

hydrocarbon

4

a hydrocarbon in which each carbon atom in the molecule shares a single bond with each of four other atoms

saturated hydrocarbon

5

another word for saturated hydrocarbon

alkane

6

a hydrocarbon in which at least one pair of of carbon atoms shares a double bond or triple bond

unsaturated hydrocarbon

7

compounds that contain two carbon atoms connected by a double bond

alkenes

8

hydrocarbons that contain 2 carbon atoms connected by a triple bond

alkynes

9

these are divided into 4 categories: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids

biochemicals

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gives plant cell walls their rigid structure

cellulose

11

supplied energy to muscle cells

glycogen

12

a class of energy giving nutrients that includes sugars, starches, and fiber; composed of one or more simple sugars bonded together

carbohydrate

13

a type of biochemical that does not dissolve in water; fats and steroids are examples of these

lipids

14

a molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed to build and repair body structures and to regulate processes in the body

protein

15

proteins are composed of "building blocks" called

amino acids

16

increase the rate at which reactions occur

catalysts

17

protein found in red blood cells that delivers oxygen throughout the body

hemoglobin

18

a molecule made up of subunits called nucleotides

nucleic acid

19

molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus

nucleotides

20

nucleic acids are sometimes called

the blueprints of life