Flashcards in 3710 Deck (83):
Risk Management, manage a/c and mission...
manage a/c and mission to minimize inherent risk of critical mech failure at most critical moments of the flight
Risk Management, PIC has the authority...
PIC has the authority to modify planned mission for a/c and crew safety (highest level of customer satisfaction w min risk)
Risk vs Gain, SAR
SAR: risk of a/c and aircrew vs property and survivors if mission not undertaken; *consider additional risk of exposing people in distress to flight ops (esp those w impaired physical conditions); *probable loss of an aircrew is not acceptable
Risk vs Gain, LE
LE: risk of a/c and aircrew vs risk to LE personnel, hostages, civilians if mission not undertaken
warrented effort (risk of damage or abuse to a/c) for national def
may sacrifice the a/c
warrented effort (risk of damage or abuse to a/c) for probability of saving human life
you may incur a reasonable chance of risk of or damage to the a/c if there is no suitable alt available (even if this will render the a/c unrecoverable)
warrented effort (risk of damage or abuse to a/c) for possibility of saving human life / probability of relieving intense pain or suffering
you may incur risk of damage or abuse to a/c if a full recovery is reasonably expected
warrented effort (risk of damage or abuse to a/c) for property of US citizen or US gov't
risk of damage if property is unques greater in value then cost of damage to a/c and a full a/c recovery is fully expected
warrented effort (risk of damage or abuse to a/c) for interdicting/apprehending alleged fed law violators
does not warrant probable damage or abuse to a/c
warrented effort (risk of damage or abuse to a/c) for logistic flight (w little or no urgency)
does not warrant probable damage or abuse to a/c; do not incur no more risk then routine flight
PIC is responsible for:
safe, orderly, efficient, and effective pref of the a/c, crew, and PAX for entire mission. Auth starts when PIC enters a/c w intent to fly until mission complete; PIC has authority to direct all a/c and crew duties during and between sorties
min crew Normal Flight, day VMC
AC or FP
min crew Normal Flight, night VMC
AC/CP or FP/FP *if urgent CO may auth AC only
min crew Normal Flight, IMC
AC/CP or FP/FP
min crew Training, day VMC
CP (upgrade flight)
min crew Training, night VMC
AC/student *AC only is CO determines there is adequate lighting to avoid obstructions
min crew Maint Flight
min crew Ferry Flight
AC/CPÉCO may auth AC only for day VMC
Exceptions to Min Crew
*exception auth by cognizant commanders for urgent Ops
w/in 24 hours flight crew shall not exceed...unless...
6 hours flight time (RW single) unless they have had 10 hours crew rest
flight with out VFDR...
flight with out Voice and Flight Data Recorder (VFDR) (aka mishap recorder) can only be approved by CO
flight sched authority (exception)
CO delegated no lower then OPS (exception...it may be lower than OPS if prior appr not practicable aka SAR...get appr ASAP)
flight plan requirement (pecking order, when exempted)
PIC should file a written or computerized flight plan except on urgent SAR, LE< or Homeland Security [1. Military Flight Plan (DD-175), 2. DOT-FAA flight plan (FAA form 7233-1)...list of occupents included as separate page or reverse), 3. DOD international (DD 1801), 4. ICAO]
RS ensemble / flight suit
consider risk of RS not in flight suit if duration 30 min +
RS deploy w helmet
req for everything accept to/from water
auth to deploy RS
1. f/w (apply to r/w w/o exception) may operate below 500' and w/in 500' of suspect vessel but no closer than 200'; 2. operate VFR below 18k on other than VFR cruising alt; 3. operate lights out
embark/dis of PAX
responsibility of PIC (PIC must ensure adequate brief)... rotors turning? allowed if PIC determines urgent and safe
load/unload of cargo
responsibility of PIC... rotors turning? allowed if PIC determines urgent and safe
security of helo
PIC shall ensure safety of a/c and equip (leave at mil base if reasonable and prudent); mishap? PIC responsible until relieved by prop authority
PIC may decline if they believe it can not be done safely; do not hoist for conv or admin; PIC has auth to hoist PAX to/from remote locations where landing impractical
w/in 25'...2 person taxi crew req; w/in 5'...prohibited
apply w IFR rules as dictated by
1. CG; 2. FAA; 3. FAA/mil; 4. DOD; 5. all manuals presenting standard inst appr proc
do not desc below DH/MDA unless...
1. on contact appr; 2. a. a/c ion position to desc to land at normal rate/proc, b. vis above min, c. one of the following vis and distinctly identifiable (RAT RVT): i. runway (markings or lights), ii. appr lighting sys (no lower than TDZE+100 unless red term bars and side row lights also in sight), iii. threshold (markings or lights), iv. vis appr light sys, v. REIL, vi. TDZ (markings or lights) *mil a/c does not apply to CG a/c in this paragraph
inst appr, circling
use straight in appr if you can remain w/in 500' of cL and w/in airport boundry
do not commence a flight w/o transponder unless mission urgency dictates
TCAS is not mission essential
flight prohibited unless CO approved
simulated inst flight
prohibited unless there is a safety pilot qual-in-type in cockpit; devices? do not obscure pilot vision, easily removable, not attached to a/c
declare em'cy if pilot feels potentially dangerous or unsafe situation (depends on day, vis, crew, etc.); declare via ATC, 409, Guard; min comms by asking ATC notify OPCON ASA pract
in flight em'cy...deviations
may deviate from 91 sub A and B and USCG directives to extent to meet the em'cy (PIC written statement to CoC maybe FAA)
in flight em'cy...responsibility
safety of crew and successful resolution of em'cy lies w PIC
zooming during SAR
no vessel shall be zoomed except in am em'cy or during SAR if attention of vessel is req'd...if assistance of vessel is req: radio, msg block use to indicate location of distress
zooming during LE
no closer than 200' to suspect vessel and 500' to all others
zooming for ID purpose
cover during water ops
cover boat or SAR capable helo w two-way comms shall be in immed area and for all training flight that: 1. prolonged hoist, hoist w/o single eng flyout; 2. RS ops (cover must have eyes on); 3. night appr to water
offshore flight operations
carefully weigh urgency of each mission, three factors analyzed for each mission: 1. set time for
no pax, PIC operate flight controls during t/o and landing; min crew: AC; PIC shall be briefed prior to test flight;
sign/date QA brief on EAL signifies...
PIC has received QA brief and intend to conduct check
test flight meteorological day/night condition req...
test flight day VMC only (hover checks at any time only if approved by CO)
annoyance to persons or property
CG a/c shall cause min annoyance to person/prop (exercise caution that no one could reasonably believe that person/prop in danger); fur/poultry farms avoided
wildlife area avoided
by 2000' msl
avoided by 1/4 mile laterally if below 500'
min (prolonged ops not allowed); exercise caution w goal of VMC asap (climb/desc if able); exterior lights on/ broadcast on common or Guard
flight plan req local VFR
use Elec a/c Logbook (EAL), en route stops do not req new flight plan if...1. correct route; 2. list of PAX updated as they embark/dis; 3. PIC is the same
leave a flight plan + PAX list w
base ops, airport manager, responsible party (call or email ODO)
req VFR brief
shall be obtained before every flight (for internet, etc). If not and wx conditions are greater than those req for departure...PIC shall obtain ASAP after departure
reg IFR brief
standard briefing req as per FAR/AIM. FAA flight plan (attach to back) / mil flight plan (briefer will fill out or you will copy and include their initials.)
1. DOD, 2. DOD contract N: C-130 can fuel both a 65 and 60
close out flight plan (mil, civilian, remote)
responsibility of PIC...1. at mil base (base ops); 2. civilian (PIC confirm w most appr ATC); 3. remote airfield (PIC may close out w ATC w/in flight minutes to landing) *land then call?
on departure = fuel to alt via destination +10% (not less than 20 min)
rev cycle ops
member may not by sched for more than two consecutive night flights unless they have been night adapted
operations over high seas
operation 'due regard' or 'operational' is a deviation from accepted procedures and practices (and should only be under taken if safe and dictated by the mission); a/c separation falls to CG. Deconfliction by op/tac commander (min risk w assigned alt and comms)
operating lights out only when...with...
operate lights out only with "due regard" and if auth by operational commander in tasking order
can a/c be directed to go "lights out?"
no, a/c can be auth not directed (PIC responsible)
prior to going lights out...
deconflict airspace and advise controller "lights out" with time, alt, position, duration (maintain comms during)
PIC shall prohibit use of any suspected device; pace-defib acceptable; MEDEVAC equip discretion of PIC
offshore flight operations (cover asset analysis)
carefully weigh urgency of each mission. Analyze necessity of cover asset through three factors noting that max recovery time should not exceed time of useful consciousness: 1. est time of useful consciousness; 2. prob survival time; 3. est recovery time
escort a/c req anytime...
as determined by PIC/CO
ORGMAN: taxi obstruction clearance
w/in 10' req use of taxi director
ORGMAN: SAR mission nm from land restriction
consult OPS about cover asset w SAR greater than 75'
ORGMAN: non-IFR training mins
can the CG force mariners to abandon their vessels?
yes but it preferred that they are persuaded/compelled to abandon since RS are not boarding officer qualified
when can mariners be forced to abandon vessel?
w purpose of saving their lives
who can make decision to force marines to abandon their vessel?
District Commander is preferred but it can be made by o/s commander (they should notify SMC and Dist Commander ASAP)... order/circumstances should be logged at AirSta
if life of mariner is in distress and it is determined that they need to abandon their vessel, hierarchy of methods to get unwilling members to abandon
1. compel, 2. persuade, 3. force
if assigned PIC refuses a mission, it will not depart until...
the conditions have improved or necessary corrective actions have been taken that the mission can proceed safely.
if original PIC refuses mission, another PIC and crew...
shall not be assigned the same mission under the same conditions without specific approval of the CO.
decision to delay a mission can only be made by...
PIC or CO if in the opinion of either the conditions are not safe to start or continue a mission
If a precautionary landing is made away from home station for observed or suspected aircraft malfunctions or damage, the PIC shall...
ensure that a proper inspection of the aircraft is conducted by competent maintenance personnel and the results reported to the home station's engineering officer or other qualified maintenance officer.
Minor Malfunctions and Non-Structural or Cosmetic Damage
if EO or qual Maint Officer has declared no risk to the safety of the flight the CO may clear the a/c for further flight.