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Flashcards in 4-abdomen Deck (20):
0

3 major structures that pass thru the diaphragm and their openings

1. Descending vena cava - vena cabal foramen
2. Esophagus - esophageal foramen
3. Aorta - aortic hiatus

1

The medial arcuate ligament holds the -- m in place

Psoas

2

The lateral arcuate ligament holds the -- -- m in place

Quadratus lumborum m

3

The skirt covering the gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, intestines

Greater omentum

4

Name the 3 major branches of the descending aorta

1. Celiac trunk
2. Superior mesenteric a
3. Inferior mesenteric a

5

What organs does each branch (3) of aorta supply

Celiac trunk: stomach, spleen, liver and gall bladder, pancreas
Superior mesenteric a: small & large intestine
Inferior mesenteric a: large intestine
*LARGE intestine has 2 vasculature *

6

3 branches of the celiac trunk

-left gastric a
-splenic a
-common hepatic a

7

Location of spleen

Left ribs 9-11

8

Region of stomach that connects to duodenum

Pylorus

9

Vascularization of lesser curvature of stomach (left and right)

Left and right gastric aa
*less gas*

10

Vascularization of greater curvature of stomach

Left and right gastroepiploic aa

11

Most digestion and nutrient absorption occurs at the -- of small intestine

Jejunum

12

Name the components of large intestine in order

Cecum aka appendix
Ascending colon
Transverse colon
Descending colon
Sigmoid colon
Rectum
Anus

13

For the large intestine, name the 3 branches of the superior mesenteric a

-ileocolic a to cecum
-right colic a to ascending colon
-middle colic a

14

For the large intestine, name the 3 branches of the inferior mesenteric a

-left colic a to descending colon
-sigmoid aa
-superior rectal a

15

3 vessels in the Portal Triad in the liver

1. Hepatic portal vein
2. Common bile duct
3. Hepatic a proper

16

Name the 4 steps of the biliary system to create, move, store and release bile into duodenum

1. Left and right hepatic ducts - common hepatic
2. Common hepatic & cystic ducts - common bile duct
3. Pancreatic duct merges w common bile duct at hepatopancreatic ampulla
4. Bile and pancreatic juices enter duodenum at major duodenal papilla

17

The portal venous system consists of the Hepatic portal vein and right&left hepatic veins. What are their opposing functions?

Hepatic portal vein DRAINS nutrient rich blood from abdominal organs and sends them TO liver

Right and left hepatic veins drains deoxygenated blood FROM liver to ivc

18

What are the suprarenal glands

Hat of fat on kidneys (renal)

19

3 m of posterior abdominal wall

Psoas major m
Iliacus m
Quadratus lumborum m