#4: Anatomy and #5: Cervical DZ Flashcards Preview

Musculoskeletal Med #2 > #4: Anatomy and #5: Cervical DZ > Flashcards

Flashcards in #4: Anatomy and #5: Cervical DZ Deck (17):
1

Openings in the transverse processes that allow vertebral artery and vein to exit are called?

foramen transversarium

2

runs the entire length of the column in front of the body

Anterior longitudinal ligament

3

This ligament runs the entire length spinal column but inside the spinal canal on the posterior aspect of the body

Posterior longitudinal ligament

4

Posterior longitudinal ligament fx:

Weak resister to flexion
--protects from posterior disk herniations

5

Anterior longitudinal ligament fx:

only ligament to limit extension

6

Synovial joint between superior articular facet of inferior vertebra and inferior articular facet of superior vertebra
--held tightly by ligaments

zygapophysial ligaments

7

This ligament connects lamina of vertebral arches
- elastic tissue, it resists sudden flexion and actually helps straight column from flexed position to original position

Ligamenta flava (yellow ligament)

8

This ligament connects spinous processes and resist sudden flexion

Interspinous ligaments

9

This ligament connects transverse processes and resist sudden lateral flexion and rotation

Intertransverse ligaments

10

Vasculature of cervical vertebrae:

branches from vertebral and ascending cervical arteries

11

Vasculature of Thoracic vertebrae:

branches from Posterior Intercostal arteries

12

Vasculature of Lumbar vertebrae:

branches from Subcostal and lumbar arteries

13

Vasculature of Sacrum and Coccyx:

branches from iliolumbar and lateral/medial sacral arteries

14

Nerve supply to rest of vertebral:

recurrent meningeal branch off spinal nerve for each level

15

Nerve supply to facet joints:

articular branches off spinal nerve for each level (posterior rami)

16

Nerve supply to Intrinsic muscles of the back:

posterior rami off spinal nerve for each level

17

Spinal nerve roots exit each vertebral level via:

intervertebral foramen