4. Development - Human Development Flashcards Preview

MRCPsych Part A > 4. Development - Human Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4. Development - Human Development Deck (303)
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1

What is maturity?

the production of expected behaviour and actions in a given situation, in an age-appropriate manner

2

What are the factors that influence development?

nature (genetic disposition) and nurture (environmental influences)

3

What is the estimated heritability for human IQ?

40-50%

4

What observations suggest human IQ does not solely depend on genetics?

Heritability varies with age
Heritability is affected by demographics
Genetic influences are likely to be variable
Effect of the shared environment

5

At what age can a child hold their head up unaided?

3 months

6

At what age does a child speak in sentences?

3 years

7

At what age does a child demonstrate separation anxiety?

1 year

8

At what age does a child localise to a sound source?

3 months

9

At what age does a child produce hand to hand transfer, rolls over and demonstrates palmar grasp?

6 months

10

At what age can a child dress and undress alone?

5 years

11

At what age is a child able to run or build a 6 cube tower?

2 years

12

At what age does a child smile at the parent, recognise mother's face and show preference to human faces?

4-6 weeks

13

At what age does a child produce their first word?

1 year

14

At what age does a child show aapprochment (hugs when coming back)?

18 months

15

At what age does a child look for dropped toys and play peek-a-boo?

9-10 months

16

At what age does a child produce double syllable sounds, such as dada?

6 months

17

At what age does a child skip and can copy a cross?

4 years

18

At what age does a child coo?

6-8 weeks

19

At what age does a child localise to sound 45cm lateral to either ear?

6 months

20

At what age does a child stand momentarily?

1 year

21

At what age does a child engage in parallel play and is 'dry by day'?

2 years

22

At what age does a child reach out and engage in oral exploration?

5 months

23

At what age does a child use fluent speech and grammar and makes use of function words?

5 years

24

At what age does a child babble?

3 months

25

At what age can a child hop and copy a triangle?

5 years

26

At what age can a child use up to 40 words and use holophrases?

18 months

27

At what age does a child squeal with pleasure appropriately and discriminates smiles?

3 months

28

At what age can a child copy a diamond and count a number of fingers?

6 years

29

At what age is a child mostly toilet trained?

4 years

30

At what age does a child spontaneously babble and use sound experiments?

5 months