4-H Questions 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4-H Questions 2 Deck (50):
1

How long ago did the foundation stock for modern canids begin to evolve?

2 million years ago

2

All dogs have dewclaws. Where are they located?

Inside near the wrist

3

How many total vertebrae do dog have?

4 in total

4

Name one if the for groups in which the 10 genera of Canidae are divided?

Hyena, wolf, fox,

5

In what country did Shetland Sheepdogs originate?

The Shetland Islands of Scottland

6

Which variety of Poodle is the oldest of the three poodle varieties?

The standard

7

What two physical traits do coursing or sight hound use when hunting?

Speed and sight

8

In what AKC group is the Icelandic Sheepdog?

Herding

9

In what AKC group is the Saluki?

Hound

10

Terriers were named after a latin word, what is the word and what is the meaning?

Word: Terra
Meaning: Earth

11

What does the word "Shih Tzu" mean?

It means lion

12

In what AKC class are breeds shown hoping to meet the expectations and standards of the AKC to eventually become members of one of the seven recognized groups?

The miscellaneous class

13

What type of bite should the Afghan Hound have?

A level bite

14

In what AKC group is the Samoyed?

Working

15

What is the name of bite where the front teeth of the upper jaw do not reach as far forward as the front teeth of the lower jaw when the mouth is closed?

Undershot

16

WWhat is the purpose of a Bloodhounds long, drop ears?

To pick up the sent easier than the sounds

17

Name two of the six main types of ear carriages

Rose and drop

18

What does the term "eye shape" refer to?

The shape of the tissue that actually surrounds the eye

19

What eye shape does the Akita have?

Triangular eye shape

20

What is the definition of "Tail Carriage"?

The manor of which the tail is displayed

21

What type of tail carriage is displayed when the tail lies directly on the dog's back with the tip pointing toward the dog's head?

A snap tail

22

Name the five coat types

Smooth, medium, long, wirehaired/broken and curly

23

What are two purposes of using an undercoat rake when grooming a dog?

To loosen up the coat, and removes dead undercoat

24

What type of cloth is used to polish and shine coats of short-haired dog's?

Chamois cloth

25

What is the purpose of a dremel?

To offer more control to shape the toenails and getting rid up sharp edges

26

What is the term for when a dog's hocks tun in toward one another and rear feet toe out?

Cow-hocked

27

What style of scissors should you use to trim the hair between a dog's pads?

Blunt-ended scissors

28

What is the definition of a "crossbreed" dog?

It is where the parents are two different breeds

29

Name three of the five general ways in which dogs communicate

Vocalizations, body posture, and direct contact

30

What is the body posture assumed by fear biters?

Defensive threat

31

In showmanship when doing a courtesy turn, what should you do after completing the circle before you start off on the pattern?

You need to move your dog away from the judge in a straight line

32

How many hand changes are there in a Triangle showmanship pattern?

Zero, there are none

33

Who decides if you can use bait in a showmanship class?

The judge

34

What is the term for moving your dog in a showmanship class?

Gaiting

35

In a 4-H showmanship class, what do you show the judge if he or she asks to see you dog's bite?

The front teeth of the lower and upper jaws meet

36

What do the letters "CPE", which is an agility organization, stand for?

Canine Performance Events

37

Name two of the three contact obstacles in agility

A-frame and seesaw

38

What are the two reasons way dogs shed?

1) get rid of old, thick hair
2) stress

39

How many premolars do dogs have, and what are their purpose?

They have 16 premolars and they are used for cutting and holding meat

40

What does it mean when a dog is said to be close-coupled?

That there is a short loin and back

41

What part of a dog's foot pad serves as a shock absorber when the dog walks and runs?

The fatty inner layer of the pad

42

What is the first sense that a dog develops as a puppy?

Touch

43

What doe the initials "VCPR" stand for?

Veterinarian Client Patient Relationship

44

Ticks that are carried by white-tailed deer can be infected with a spirochete bacteria, causing what disease?

It causes Lyme Disease

45

What is the name for the most common flea found on dogs?

The cat flea

46

What is the name for the tick that can be infected with a rickettsia organism causing Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?

American Dog Tick

47

What is the scoring system called that helps determine if dogs are underweight or overweight?

BCS (Body Conditioning Scoring)

48

What is the main function of carbohydrates in a dog's diet?

They give the dog energy

49

What does the term "wean" mean?

To get the puppy used to eating food instead of milk

50

What is the term for the first milk a mother produces?

Colostrum