4 - Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Flashcards Preview

EMT B > 4 - Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4 - Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Deck (19):
0

EP

emergency petition

involuntary transport for mentally ill patients. police arrest patient and rig with the patient, especially if handcuffs are used. patient goes through psychiatric evaluation @ hospital

1

scope of practice

what you CAN do

2

standard of practice

how you should do it

3

stress - 3 stages

1. alarm (fight or flight)
2. resistance
3. exhaustion (adapt/loss of ability to resist)

4

safe haven

anyone can drop off a child/infant to any fire/police/EMS station

5

mandatory reporting guidelines

1. abuse (elderly/child/sexual)
2. assault (battery/sexual)
3. stabbing/gunshot
4. animal cruelty

6

Good Samaritan Laws

developed to provide immunity to individuals trying to help people in emergencies

7

file of life

medication list - often on refrigerator door or in medicine cabinet

8

DNR

DO NOT RESUSCITATE

DNR-ALS (keep alive, but stop if heart stops)

EMTs are held to DNR's but NOT to living wills

9

to prove negligence ...

1. EMT had a duty to the patient (duty to act)

2. breach of duty (EMT did not provide the standard of care)

3. proximate causation (damages to the patient were b/c of action or inaction of the EMT)

10

HIPAA

HEALTH INSURANCE PORTABILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY ACT

11

Advanced Directive

a type of DNR order, instructions written in advance of an event

12

3 R's

retreat
radio
re-evaluate

13

ventilation

movement of gases to and from alveoli

14

respiration

exchange of gases between cells and blood stream

15

DCAP BTLS

Deformities
Contusions
Abrasions
Punctures and Penetrations
Burns
Tenderness
Lacerations
Swelling

16

signs

what you hear, feel, see, smell

things you use your senses for

17

symptoms

what the patient tells you

"nausea, dizziness, chest pain, etc."

18

SAMPLE history

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
ALLERGIES
MEDICATIONS
PERTINENT PAST HISTORY
LAST ORAL INTAKE
EVENTS LEADING TO INJURY OR ILLNESS