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BDS2 CDS caries symposium > 4: prevention > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4: prevention Deck (36)
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1

what is dental caries?

a disease of the dental hard tissues caused by the action of microorganisms found in plaque, on fermentable carbohydrates

2

what are the impacts of caries on pre-school children?

aesthetic problems
loss of function
pain
infection

3

what are risk indicators in children?

O.H
diet
bacterial exposure
socioeconomic status
breast/bottle feeding
fluoride exposure
parental smoking
parental oral health status

4

what teeth do early childhood caries typically affect?

upper anterior and molar teeth

5

what is the typical cause of nursing caries?

inappropriate use of feeding cups & bottles

6

how can caries be prevented?

diet
fluoride
oral hygiene

7

is there any benefit to pregnant women taking fluoride supplements?

no

8

what advice should be given to avoid early childhood caries?

feeding cup not bottle from 6 months
no drinks with free sugars in bottle
no bottles in bed
soy milk can be cariogenic- only is medically indicated

9

how to reduce the impact of sweetened drinks

mealtimes only
dilute as much as possible
straw at back of mouth

10

what drinks are safe between meals?

plain water or milk

11

what can be done about sugar containing medicines?

sugar free when available
doses given at mealtimes and never after brushing at night

12

what food is good for toddlers and why?

cheese
high energy
non-cariogenic
may protect against caries

13

what are safe snacks?

milk/water
fruit
savoury sandwiches
crackers and cheese
bread sticks
crisps

14

how can fluoride be taken in?

water
toothpaste
supplementary self delivered
-drops
-tablets
-mouthrinse
professionally delivered
-APF gels
-varnishes
-slow-release devices

15

when should toothbrushing begin in children?

as soon as 1st primary molars erupt

16

what age can children brush their own teeth?

over 8

17

what is the fluoride formulation in child toothpaste?

1000ppm

18

what is the fluoride formulation in standard toothpaste?

1400-1500ppm

19

what is the fluoride formulation in enhanced fluoride (duraphat)?

2800ppm

20

what ppmF should be used from 1st eruption to 3 years?

1000ppm

21

what ppmF should be used for 4-16 years?

1000-1500ppm

22

what ppmF should be used for high risk children under 10 years?

1500ppm

23

what ppmF should be used for high risk children over 10 years?

2800ppm

24

what ppmF should be used for high risk children over 16 years?

5000ppm

25

how much toothpaste should children under 3 use?

smear (0.1ml)

26

how much toothpaste should children over 3 use?

pea-sized (0.25ml)

27

what age can children use a fluoride mouthrinse?

over 6
-should assess ability to expectorate

28

what are professionally applied fluorides?

APF gels
varnishes-every 4 to 6 months for high risk childen

29

when can fluoride varnish be used?

x2 yearly for pre-school children assessed as being high risk for caries
for high risk adults

30

what are the 2 methods of community based prevention?

health education
health promotion