Flashcards in 4: prevention Deck (36)
what is dental caries?
a disease of the dental hard tissues caused by the action of microorganisms found in plaque, on fermentable carbohydrates
what are the impacts of caries on pre-school children?
loss of function
what are risk indicators in children?
parental oral health status
what teeth do early childhood caries typically affect?
upper anterior and molar teeth
what is the typical cause of nursing caries?
inappropriate use of feeding cups & bottles
how can caries be prevented?
is there any benefit to pregnant women taking fluoride supplements?
what advice should be given to avoid early childhood caries?
feeding cup not bottle from 6 months
no drinks with free sugars in bottle
no bottles in bed
soy milk can be cariogenic- only is medically indicated
how to reduce the impact of sweetened drinks
dilute as much as possible
straw at back of mouth
what drinks are safe between meals?
plain water or milk
what can be done about sugar containing medicines?
sugar free when available
doses given at mealtimes and never after brushing at night
what food is good for toddlers and why?
may protect against caries
what are safe snacks?
crackers and cheese
how can fluoride be taken in?
supplementary self delivered
when should toothbrushing begin in children?
as soon as 1st primary molars erupt
what age can children brush their own teeth?
what is the fluoride formulation in child toothpaste?
what is the fluoride formulation in standard toothpaste?
what is the fluoride formulation in enhanced fluoride (duraphat)?
what ppmF should be used from 1st eruption to 3 years?
what ppmF should be used for 4-16 years?
what ppmF should be used for high risk children under 10 years?
what ppmF should be used for high risk children over 10 years?
what ppmF should be used for high risk children over 16 years?
how much toothpaste should children under 3 use?
how much toothpaste should children over 3 use?
what age can children use a fluoride mouthrinse?
-should assess ability to expectorate
what are professionally applied fluorides?
varnishes-every 4 to 6 months for high risk childen
when can fluoride varnish be used?
x2 yearly for pre-school children assessed as being high risk for caries
for high risk adults