4.4 Active Immunisation And Vaccination, And The Evasion Of Specific Immune Respondes By Pathogens Flashcards Preview

Higher Human Biology Unit 4 > 4.4 Active Immunisation And Vaccination, And The Evasion Of Specific Immune Respondes By Pathogens > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4.4 Active Immunisation And Vaccination, And The Evasion Of Specific Immune Respondes By Pathogens Deck (15)
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1

Substance added to a vaccine to enhance the immune response

Adjuvant

2

Methods of obtaining data about new drugs or treatments

Clinical trials

3

Method in which neither trail participant nor experimenter knows the treatment given

Double-blind protocol

4

Principle by which many vaccinated individuals protect those unvaccinated

Herd immunity

5

Virus that attacks lymphocytes, often leading to aids

HIV

6

Existence of memory lymphocytes, allowing rapid response to re-infection

Immunological memory

7

Viral infection that can become pandemic

Influenza

8

Globally important disease caused by a protozoan infection

Malaria

9

Procedure that involves giving certain participants a blank instead of the drug under trial

Placebo-controlled protocol

10

A single-cells organism; some protozoans can cause disease

Protozoan

11

Describing protocols in clinical trials that are the result of chance selection

Randomised

12

Repeat experiment in an investigation or clinical trial

Replicate

13

Disease caused by a protozoan

Trypanodomiasis

14

Disease caused by a bacterium that can survive within phagocytes

Tuberculosis (TB)

15

Using an antigen that had been made harmless to produce an immune response a memory cells

Vaccination