Flashcards in 485 Crosswords Deck (89):
This is an essential n-6 fatty acid
Another name for after a meal
(not the body state)
Glucogenic portion of a triglyceride
This is formed when there is little glucose available.
This type of calorimeter measures heat
This amino acid is typically released by the liver and taken up by the muscle tissue
This is used to determine fuel mixture
Hint. involves carbon dioxide and oxygen measurements
contains about 4 kcal/g gross energy, but little or no metabolizable energy for humans
This compound carries acetyl CoA from the mitochondria to the cytosol
major fatty acid in the brain
omega 3 is the precursor
its respiratory quotient is = 0.818
compound that carries fatty acids into the mitochondria
This organ uses about 20% of the BMR and gets it from glucose
the BMR is closely related to this
lean body mass
These 2 amino acid are used in the synthesis of carnitine
Name two components of fatty acids
This lipid is not a source of energy
Hint. what else is lipids used for
This enzyme frees fatty acids from trglycerides in LDL
What is a major energy source for the intestinal mucosa
This compound results in a small energy loss for the body as urine.
This is a 20 carbon, omega 6 fatty acid that can be used to form prostaglandins
hint. not omega 6 (linoleic acid)
What does RMR stand for
resting metabolic rate
This process accounts for 65% of the total energy expenditure
RMR (resting metabolic rate)
Another word for heat production
hint. use latin
This type of calorimeter measures oxygen use
a unit of heat used in nutrition field
What is an oligosaccharide-containing cell surface layer of a membrane
catalase is found here in cells
GLUT 4 is regulated by this hormone
What is the amino acid component of bile
hint. not one of the 20 AA
What monosaccharide has an active transport process in the small intestines?
another term for intestinal bacteria
Where in the GI tract is the most water absorbed?
This serves as the cell's digestive system
Name this major polar compound in membranes
This molecule is co-absorbed with glucose in the small intestines
another name for table sugar
this is also known as programmed cell death
If detected in blood, this can indicate myocardial infarction
"Elevation of CK is an indication of damage to muscle. It is therefore indicative of injury, rhabdomyolysis, myocardial infarction, myositis and myocarditis. The use of statin medications, which are commonly used to decrease serum cholesterol levels, may be associated with elevation of the CPK level in about 1% of the patients taking these medications, and with actual muscle damage in a much smaller proportion."
What is a membrane compound that includes carbohydrates and fat
The name for foods that contain live micro-organisms
what are foods and food components for "good" bacteria called.
"essentially the reversal of glycolysis."
the opposite pathway of glycolysis is?
This hormone inhibits gastric motility and stimulates the gallbladder
This monosaccharide has a facilitative transporter in the small intestine
"GLUT5 is a fructose transporter expressed on the apical border of enterocytes in the small intestine. GLUT5 allows for fructose to be transported from the intestinal lumen into the enterocyte by facilitated diffusion due to fructose's high concentration in the intestinal lumen. GLUT5 is also expressed in skeletal muscle, testis, kidney, fat tissue, and brain."
If insulin is up, than this is down
Dehydrogenase and hydroxylase are in this class of enzyme types
enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of electrons from a molecule being reduced to a molecule being oxidized.
hint. the PROCESS of "synthetic" from "bio"
name the 3 common monosaccharides
name the 3 common disaccharides
bonus: can you name the 2 monosaccharides that make up each disaccharide
name the monosaccharide in lactose
the expressed DNA sequences
The pathway (process) that breaks down molecules
Term for bile circulation
what is the disaccharide that comes from starch
This is the progessive wave-like motion that occurs in the GI tract
This complements adenine
name the purines
name the pyrimidines
Bile and pancreatic secretions enter here in the GI tract
Proenzymes are called
Oxaloacetate + acetyl CoA = _______
This regenerates ATP the quickest
The production of this helps to conserve protein in starvation
An overnight fast will deplete this in the liver
Kidneys produce _______ from glutamine
Most of the body is made up of ________
muscle production of _______ declines during starvation
Carbon dioxide divided by oxygen
oxygen consumption is measured in _________ ___________
In exercise, use of this increases as glycogen is depleted
Oxidation of this is very active in muscle at 20 minutes into a marathon
___________ is a potential ergogenic aid that affects the brain and fat cells
Weight and height in one number
State that begins following 18 hours of no food intake
_____ is the main energy source during the first 5 minutes of a marathon
_______ is the hormone that facilitates fat storage in adipocytes.
Heat is measured in ___________ __________
_______ is a non lactate use by red blood cells
hexose monosphosphate shunt
What is the amino acid precursor of serotonin
What hormone triggers fat mobilization from adipocytes
Both bod pod and underwater weighing use __________
What is the glucogeogenic compound that is released by muscle.
What is the alanine cycle again?
What type of cell lacks a mitochondria
red blood cells
What is the essential fatty acid percentage for males and females
males - 3%
females - 12 %
essential fatty acids comprise of what things? (organs, processes, etc)
central nervous system
This system provides most of the energy for the first 10 secs of a marathon
What is the state after eating called