Flashcards in 4th Year general surgery 2 Deck (26):
What marker is elevated in germ cell testicular tumours?
What markers are increased in leydig and Sertoli cells tumours?
oestrogen and testosterone
When is Murphys sign present?
Cholecystitis, ascending cholangitis
Where is Vitamin B12 absorbed from?
What other treatment is given following breast conserving surgery?
What tumour marker is seen in breast cancer?
Where does pagets disease of the breast start?
Involves nipple primarily and spreads to the areolar later
What is the commonest cause of blood stained discharge in younger women?
At what ages are breast screening performed?
Features of inflammatory breast cancer?
Erythema and oedema in absence of elevated WCC or CRP
When does duct ectasia typically occur?
What does Tamoxifen increase the risk of?
What is primary sclerosing cholangitis a risk factor for?
What is the most common type of bowel cancer?
Bag of worms feeling in the scrotum?
What size of caecum is at risk of imminent perforation?
Cause of large bowel obstruction until proven otherwise?
What type of thyroid cancer has the best prognosis?
What type of thyroid cancer is associated with MEN2?
What type of thyroid cancer causes a raised calcitonin?
3 thicknesses of burns?
When should you give fluid resus in burns?
If >15% in adults
>10% in children
What formula is used to calculate fluid resus in burns?
What type of leg ulcer has a punched out appearance?
What type of leg ulcer is commonly seen in the gator area?