Flashcards in 4th Year Repro Deck (43):
Cause of a strawberry cervix and treatment?
Trichomonas and metronidazole
What type of ovarian cyst is more likely to be be malignant?
What organism causes Syphillis?
Treatment of syphilis?
Penicillin or Doxycycline
What are the 3 main classes of ovarian tumours?
Germ cell tumours
Sex cord stromal
Name 5 types of epithelial cell ovarian tumour?
Serous - fluid filled
Muscinous - mucus filled
2 types of serous epithelial tumours?
serous cystadenoma - benign
Serous cystuadenocarcinoma - malignant
What are the 2 types of muscinous epithelial carcinoma?
Muscinous cyst adenomas - bening
Muscinous cystadenocarcinomas - malignant
What cells for edometrioid tumours?
Ectopic endometrial cells
What are malignant endometrioid tumours often associated with?
What are benign endometriomas often called?
What is the prognosis of clear cell tumours?
What cells form transitional cell ovarian tumours?
Ectopic transitional cells from the bladder
Name the 4 types of germ cell ovarian tumour?
Yolk sac tumours
Two types of teratoma?
Mature cystic - benign
Immature - malignant
Where do dysgerminonas originate from?
What are dysgerminomas sensitive to?
What marked is raised in choriocarcinomas?
What age group are yolk sac tumours commoner in?
What are the 3 types of sex cord stroll ovarian tumours?
Are granulosa cell tumours benign or malignant?
What symptom may granulosa cells present with?
Vaginal bleeding - produced oestrogen
Are fibromas benign or malignant?
What do sertoli/leydig tumours secrete?
Testorsterone - hirsutism
What is Meigs syndrome?
Ascities, pleural effusion and ovarian tumour (fibromas)
What is Lynch syndrome?
Colon cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian (serous) and gastric
Where do ovarian metastases commonly come from?
Breast and GI tract
What % of endometrial cancers occur in pre menopausal women?
What is the most common type of endometrial cancer?
What are the precursor lesions for endometrial cancer?
Simple hyperplasia - low risk
Complex hyperplasia - 1-2% risk
Atypical hyperplasia - high risk
Wha is the pre curse lesion for serous endometrial cancer?
Serous intra epithelial carcinoma
Which type of endometrial cancer is not associated with oestrogen?
What is a dermoid cyst also known as?
What is the definition of POF?
What are the 3 forms of emergency contraception and the maximum time they can be used?
Levonorgestrel - 72 hours
Ullipristal - 120 hours
IUD - 5 days
Where is the most common site of an ectopic?
Should you give anti-D in an ectopic pregnancy?
What can be used to shrink a fibroid before surgery?
What can be used as an indication of ovulation?
Surge in progesterone at day 21
What causes bacterial vaginosis?
Treatment of chlamydia?
Azithromycin or doxycycline
What is the treatment of gonorrhoea?
Ceftriaxone IM or/and Azithroycine