5. Diabetes Tutorial Flashcards Preview

BDS2 BAMS Endocrinology > 5. Diabetes Tutorial > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5. Diabetes Tutorial Deck (12):
1

Symptoms and signs of diabetes (9)

Polyuria
Polydipsia
Tiredness
Weight loss (with maintained appetite)
Potentially asymptomatic
Hypoglycaemia
Ketoacidosis
Unusual infections
Diabetic complications

2

Causes of type 1 DM (4)

Familial clustering
Neoplasms (destruction of islets of Langerhans)
Endocrine anomalies
Immune-mediated destruction of pancreatic B cells by auto-antibodies

3

Causes of type 2 DM (4)

Obesity
Sedentary
Diet
Strong genetic component and environmental

4

Acute complications of DM

Hypoglycaemia

5

Hypoglycaemia symptoms and signs (6)

Anxiety
Palpitations
Warm sweaty skin
Pale
Dilated pupils (signs of adrenaline release)
Signs of cerebral hypoglycaemia (confusion, rude, agitation, coma)

6

Hypoglycaemia management (2)

Oral glucose tablet/gel into cheek
If unconscious, glucagon injection and then oral glucose when conscious

7

Ketoacidosis symptoms and signs (11)

Acetone breath (sweet)
Feel unwell
Ketones in urine
Polyuria
Dehydration
Hypotension
Tachycardia
Abdominal pain
Dry mouth
Confusion
Coma

8

Ketoacidosis management (4)

Transfer to hospital
Hydration
Insulin
Potassium

9

Chronic complications of DM (5)

CV risk (angina, MI, CVA, PVD)
Infection risk
Autonomic neuropathy (postural hypotension)
Diabetic retinopathy
Nephropathy

10

What leads to amputation (3)

Neuropathy
Ischaemia
Infection susceptibility

11

Oral manifestations of diabetes (7)

Xerostomia
Soreness
Ulcers
Burning mouth syndrome
Infections
Tooth decay
Oral candidosis

12

Oral hypoglycaemic agent side effects

Lichenoid reactions