5.3 Obedience and defiance of authority Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5.3 Obedience and defiance of authority Deck (7):
0

What is the main study for obedience?

Milgram study.

1

How is obedience different to compliance?

Obedience does not necessarily involve a group. Influence comes from someone with power and orders are direct.

2

How are obedience and compliance similar?

The people behave as instructed and do not necessarily change opinion.

3

What did mailgrams study concluded?

That ordinarily people are capable of following orders. Even if the result is killing person.

4

What are three factors that affect the obedience to authority in relation to Milgrom study?

1. A peer in administering the shocks – the participant obedience rose to 92.5% when a stooge had to administer the shocks.
2 .location – the experiment was moved to a rundown office building, the obedience decreased to 47.5%.
3.proximity of victim. The more directive persons experience with the victim, the less they obey.
4. Proximity of authority figure. When the experimenter left the room the obedience Dropped to 20.5%.

5

What are for explanations of defiance to obedience?

1.social support – more likely to disobey then facing authority alone.
2. Role models – modelling define obedience openly gradually more people will follow.
3. Personal experience – including education.
4. Questioning motives of authority.

6

What does World War II have to do with defiance to authority?

The French village openly defied authority to protect the Jews.