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Flashcards in 560E Deck (62)
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1

Waist circumference for a male that is greater than ____ is considered indicative of increased risk of metabolic syndrome and CVD.

a. 30
b. 35
c. 40
d. 45

c. 40

2

Waist circumference for a female that is greater than ____ is considered indicative of increased risk of metabolic syndrome and CVD.

a. 30
b. 35
c. 40
d. 45

b. 35

3

A waist/hip ratio of less than 1 is ideal.

True/False

True

4

BIA is based on difference in electrolyte content within fatty tissues.

True/false

FALSE....it is based on difference in electrolyte content between fat and fat free tissues

5

The following are ways to assess which disorder?

Hills/valley in hands
Chair Test
DEXA
BIA
Grip test
Creatine excretion

SARCOPENIA

6

Visceral fat is anti-inflammatory.
True/false

FALSE, it's pro-inflammatory

7

Inflammation is associated with dysmetabolism and vascular conditions.
True/False

True

8

Waist circumference and W/H ratio are not CVD event predictors.

True False

FALSE, they are.

9

Dark red urine is like from bleeding in the.....

bladder
urethra
kidneys
liver

kidneys

10

Bright red urine is likely from bleeding due to

kidney disease
bladder infection UTI
stones

UTI

11

Dark yellow urine is usually seen in ...

infections
kidney failure
increased levels of urobilinogen or bilirubin

increased levels of urobilinogen or bilirubin

12

Rhubarb can turn urine....., while beets can turn it....

red, brown
green, brown
brown, green
brown, red

brown, red

13

Sweet smell of urine indicates UTI.

T/F

False....indicates ketoacidosis

14

Foul odor of urine indicates UTI

T/F

True

15

Diets high in fruits and vegetables produce urine that is _____.

alkaline
acidic

alkaline

16

Meats produce urine that is more

alkaline
acidic

acidic

17

Protein is a sensitive indicator of kidney functioning.

T/F

True

18

Specific gravity is used to evaluate _____ power of kidneys

pH balancing
excretory
calcitriol producing

excretory

19

Elevated ___ indicates obstruction of bile duct by gallstones.

bilirubin
casts
leukocytes

bilirubin

20

Urobilinogen is bile transformed in bowel by bacteria, some of which is excreted by kidneys.

T/F

True

21

Do crystals indicate likely stone formation?

Yes

22

Cellular (from degenerated cells) and Hyaline (from protein) are types of:

infections
casts
leukocytes
crystals

casts

23

BUN is an indirect measure of renal function and GFR.

T/F

True

24

Which peptide connects the alpha and beta chains of proinsulin?

a-peptide
b-peptide
c-peptide
d-peptide

c-peptide

25

C-peptide accurately reflect islet cell function. and correlates with insulin levels (except in obese patients and insulinomas).

T/F

True

26

Assessing Insulin Resistance and monitoring diabetes can be done with the following:

A1c > 6.5
Fasting blood glucose
Glucose tolerance
HDL <35
TG >250
CRP >3
All of the above

all

27

HDL should be below 35
T/F

False...this level would be higher risk for CVD. Males should be > 45 and females > 55

28

TGs should be < 160 for men and < 135 for women
T/F

True

29

How many of the following criteria need to be met for MetSyndrome? All, 3, 4

Elevated WC (35 for women, 40 for men)
Elevated TGs (>150)
Low HDL (<35)
High BP (> 130/85)
High fasting blood sugar (>100)



3 of these are required to determine MetSyn

30

Endothelial dysfunction is a combination of inflammation and oxidative stress.

T/F

True