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Flashcards in 560P Botanical Exams Deck (265)
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1

Is the following pharmacological effect one of gingko biloba's or one of St John's Wort?

Upregulates 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors

Hypericum perforatum

2

What is the active constituent of the following botanical?

European mistletoe

Lectins

3

Which alcoholic beverage uses wormwood as an ingredient?
A - Amaretto
B - Absinthe
C - Brandy
D - Kahlua

B - Absinthe

4

Botanicals best known for skin disorders:

Aloe vera, Comfrey, Tea tree oil, Witch Hazel, Calendula

5

What is the typical plant part used in preparations for the following botanical?

Ashwagandha, Rhodiola, and Astragalus

root

6

For which TWO painful conditions have Devils Claw preparations been studied in controlled trials?
A - Migraine headache
B - Tension headache
C - Diabetic neuropathy
D - Osteoarthritis
E - Chronic Back Pain

D - Osteoarthritis
E - Chronic Back Pain

7

Is the following pharmacological effect one of gingko biloba's or one of St John's Wort?

Inhibits synaptic reuptake of neurotransmitters

Hypericum perforatum

8

Which botanical agent may increase the potency of certain antibiotics?
A - Arnica
B - Bromelain
C - Witch Hazel
D - Evening Primrose oil

B - Bromelain

9

What part of the plant is used in preparation for the following botanical?

Ginger

Rhizome only

10

What is the plant part typically used in preparations for the following botanical?

Rosemary

Leaves

11

Large amounts of a dangerous toxin are found in which gingko preparation?
A - commercial standardized extracts
B - roasted seeds
C - root
D - bark

B - roasted seed

12

What is the active constituent for the following herb?

Chamomile

apigenin

13

What part of the plant is used in preparation for the following botanical?

Caraway

Fruit (Seed)

14

A combination of Hawthorne extract and what essential oil was found effective for raising blood pressure in subjects with orthostatic hypotension?
A - Camphor oil
B - Lavender oil
C - Peppermint oil
D - Rosemary oil

Camphor oil

15

Which herb has been best demonstrated for effectiveness against benign prostatic hypertrophy, based on the largest number of total subjects enrolled in randomized controlled trials, and comparisons with both placebo and established medical therapies?
A - Saw palmetto
B - Pumpkin
C - Nettle
D - Pygeum

A - Saw palmetto

16

What is the active constituent of the following botanical?

Saw Palmetto

Fatty acids and sterols

17

Which of the following are pharmacological effects of Hawthorne extracts demonstrated in preclinical research in vitro or in animal models? (Choose the most complete answer)
A - Increased amplitude of myocardial contractions
B - Cardioprotective effects during recovery from cardiac ischemia, indicated by reduced release of lactate dehydrogenase
C - Increase in Coronary blood flow
D - Increase in cardiac stroke volume
E - Two of the above
F - All of the above

All of the above

18

A German product with which herb has shown positive results in the treatment of several types of skin disorders, including decubitus ulcers?
A - Comfrey
B - Lemon Balm
C - Chamomile
D - Witch Hazel

C - Chamomile

19

Which potential adverse reaction to kava has led to a product recall in Europe and a public warning issued by the US FDA?

Liver damage

20

Choose the correct statement about the use of solvents for preparing botanical extracts:
A - Aqueous extracts are high in polar compounds while alcohol extracts are high in lipophilic constituents
B - Aqueous and alcohol extracts are both high in lipophilic constituents
C - Aqueous and alcohol extracts are both high in polar compounds
D - Aqueous extracts are high in lipophilic constituents while alcohol extracts are high in polar compounds

A - Aqueous extracts are high in polar compounds while alcohol extracts are high in lipophilic constituents

21

Which of the following, if any, is NOT one of the factors that can affect the content of active constituents of medicinal herbs?
A - Plant genetics
B - Climate
C - Cultivation
D - All of these factors affect the content of the active constituents of medicinal herbs
E - Soil quality

D - All of these factors affect the content of the active constituents of medicinal herbs

22

What is the typical plant part used in preparations for the following botanical?

Gotu kola

leaf

23

Which herb is recommended NOT to be used in large amounts during pregnancy, based on research suggesting increased risk of preterm labor?
A - Ginger
B - Licorice
C - Peppermint
D - Chamomile

B - Licorice

24

What is the active constituent(s) for the following herb?

Valerian

sesquiterpenes

25

What is the common name for:

Symphytum officinale

Comfrey

26

What plant part is typically used in preparations of the following botanical?

Eucalyptus

Leaf

27

Is the following pharmacological effect one of gingko biloba's or one of St John's Wort?

Inhibits platelet activation factor (PAF)

Ginkgo Biloba

28

Which of the following herbs has NOT been traditionally used to induce diaphoresis?
A - linden
B - elder
C - meadowsweet
D - Ivy

D - ivy

29

Match the reported side effect with the botanical agent:

Dystonia
Interaction with Parkinson's drugs
Headache, appetite changes, constipation
Breast growth in young boys

Kava
Lavender (oral use)
Lavender (topical use)

Dystonia -- Kava
Interaction with Parkinson's drugs - Kava
Headache, appetite changes, constipation - Lavender (oral use)
Breast growth in young boys -- Lavender (topical use)

30

Which herb originated in the Ayurvedic herbal tradition?

Ashwagandha