57 Quiz #1: Week 2 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Art History > 57 Quiz #1: Week 2 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in 57 Quiz #1: Week 2 Vocabulary Deck (31):
1

Trinity

Christian God is Triune or tripartite: God the father, God the Son, God the Holy Spirit

2

Crucifixion

The killing of Jesus Christ [by nailing or binding them to a cross]

3

Transubstantiation

The wafer and wine change their substance but not their appearance at consecration; substance changes into the body and blood of christ; at the altar where mass takes place

4

Eucharist

Moment of Consecration/Elevation of wafer & wine of communion = literal transubstantiation into body & blood of Christ

5

Duomo

Cathedral

6

Campanile

From the Italian world for bell (campana). A bell tower, either attached to a church or freestanding.

7

Baptistery

Either a separate building or a part of a church in which the Sacrament of Baptism is administered

8

Piazza

Italian word for public square

9

Ground Plan

plan of a building at ground level as imagined seen from above

10

Elevation

a particular side of a building; a drawing/diagram made by projection on a vertical plane

11

Nave

the central part of a church, intended to accommodate most of the congregation.

12

Side Aisles

Aisles adjacent and parallel to nave; on either side of the nave, separated from it by an arcade or colonnade

13

Transept

In a Basilican church, the crossarm, placed at right angles to the Nave, usually separating the latter from the Chancel or the Apse.

14

Apse

A large semicircular or polygonal niche. In a Roman basilica it was often found at both ends of nave; in Christian church usually placed at the end of nave after the choir

15

Altar

The table in a Christian church at which bread and wine are consecrated in communion services

16

Chapel

A small part of a large church or cathedral with its own altar an dedication

17

Bay

A compartment into which a building may be subdivided, usually formed by the space bounded by consecutive architectural supports

18

Crossing

The part of the church where the transept crosses the nave; sometimes emphasized by a dome or by a tower

19

Altarpiece

A painted/sculptured work of art that stands as a religious image upon and at the back of an altar, either representing in visual symbols the doctrine of the mass or depicting the saint to whom a particular church or chapel is dedicated, together with scenes from his/her life.

20

Tempera

Ground colors mixed with yolk of egg, instead of oil, as a vehicle; a medium widely used for Italian panel painting before the sixteenth century.

21

Predella

A pedestal of an altarpiece, usually dedicated with small narrative scenes that expand the them of the major work above it.

22

Diptychs

A pair of wood, ivory, or metal plaques usually hinged together with the interior surfaces either painted or carved with a religious or memorial subject, or covered with wax for writing

23

Triptychs

Altarpiece or devotional picture consisting of three panels joined together. It is frequently hinged so that the center panel is covered when the side panels are closed.

24

Polyptych

Altarpiece or devotional picture consisting of more than three wooden panels joined together

25

Fresco

Italian word for fresh. A painting executed on wet plaster with pigments suspended in water so that the plaster absorbs the colors and the painting becomes part of the wall. Fresco a secco (painting on dry plaster) is a much less durable technique; the paint tends to flake off with time. The method involves the application of color in a vehicle containing some organic binding material (egg, oil, wax) over the still-damp plaster

26

Relief Sculpture

Sculpture that is not freestanding but projects from the background of which it is a part; high relief or low relief describes the amount of projection

27

Narrative Sculpture

sculpture that tells a story; emotions, variety of people, movements

28

Figural Sculpture

human body sculpture

29

Frontal

direct, facing directly on the front

30

In the round

standing free with all sides shown, rather than carved in relief against a ground; treated fully and thoroughly with all aspects shown or considered

31

Freestanding

view in the round; not relying or linked to anything else