was one of the main contributors to the constitution
He had a plantation called Monticello
He had kids with one of her slaves
How did the election run
who ever won highest vote won the president and then second highest would get vice president
any proceeds that went towards this was given to schools
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
since new movers were right there on it you can’t do anything about it.
would be where you kept all of the you corn/other crops.
where the women would get together and sew.
was made into whiskey it became a cash crop
People would go help neighbors build their houses. If they did not have wood to build their house they would build it out of sod. Women would cook food for everybody. Children would play. They usually had two room houses, dogtrot.
the farmers didn’t want to pay taxes on it.
makes the laws
enforces the laws
interprets the laws
How to make a law
It is written down, given a number, given a public reading, assigned to a committee( you have to send it to a committee that has something to do with it), then it has to get voted on
After sending through the house, you have to go to the senate and do the whole process again, after this they would have to have identical conclusion,
They have a joint committee to decide on it then they have to send it through both house and senate again
If it makes it pass that then it has to go to the president (if signed then it is immediately put into law) if not signed it is sent back to Congress and if it voted by ⅔ (66%) it gets put in law
Someone can challenge this in court, Supreme Court has 9 people in it. If is doesn’t go against the constitution the law is thrown out but if not the law stands as is.
You can change the supreme court by changing the constitution by getting Congress to vote (75%) you can also get (75%) of the states and it can be changed.
How many times has the Constitution been changed
make the former slaves citizens
the salves voting rights
where no one branch gets too much power
Checks and Balances
who has the final say of what the treaty would say.
to attach a law to another law
Adding or attaching a rater
Latin for- I forbid
was called king Andrew
He know for vetoing a lot.
First Native born President
Many of Jackson’s enemies would tell Jackson that maybe his wife’s divorce was not final
Jackson’s wife- Rachel Jackson. How did she die?
She worried herself to death
that God created everything and let everything go loose
had kids with a slave
wanted the national bird to be a turkey
Printer, Inventor, Writer, Politician
Contributions colonial hospital, circulatory library,
first supreme court justice
Thomas Jefferson was the president to buy Louisiana from Napoleon.
The Louisiana purchase
make it to where the constitution could stretch to fit different situation
The elastic clause
were the explorers for the Louisiana state. Sacajawea helped them out.
They brought back plants and animals that they have never seen before.
Lewis and Clark
Pike’s peak was named after him, because he was trying to find more land and he came into an encounter with a bear
1st treasurer of the US; the bank was his baby; he challenged Aaron Burr to a dual,
shot the treasurer, because Hamilton was told to miss.
looking back on previous cases to see how they were resolved
they have the right to look at any case they want to
Has to be a constitutional issue- ex. Freedom of speech
supreme court ruled separate could be equal
Plessy vs.Ferguson (1896)
came against that and said that separate was not equal
Brown vs. Board of Education(1954)
they started making everyone state their rights when they were arrested it
If you were not stated your rights you can have the case thrown out.
Miranda vs. Arizona
he tried to be his own lawyer because he could not afford one, they then said that the government would appoint you with one
Gideon vs. Wainwright
abortion; they wanted it to be medically supervised
The lady in the case has now changed her mind and is anti abortion
Roe vs. Wade
made the cotton gin; it was said that it could clean what one man could clean all day in an hour
He came up with the idea of interchangeable parts
farmers that made their own farm work. They did not have any slaves to do his work. What they need they try to make it theirself; they didn’t have enough money to
The yeoman farmers
Field hand- worked in the field
Home servant- would work in home
The gang system
The slaves would pick who did what of what the owner said to do
had everything they needed to work given to them including their housing;
had to get everything they had
were passed out once a week; that all you had to live on for the week unless they had a garden
the total people killed in the civil war
napoleon gave sold Louisiana and all that was in it for that price
how much was it sold for?
most people wanted to move out of the civil war; The south was destroyed; they had bad memories from the war
The Western Movement
the south was in favor of slavery and the north was against it.
the womens place to stay at home and take care of the kids
The cult of domesticity
What was the Civil War about
Depends on who you ask
James Monroe; tells Europe to stay out of the Western Hemisphere
Told everyone that people deserve to be free
they were attacking American Ships
Take a sailor off his boat and but him on their boat to fight for them.
War of 1812
Why did the war happen
US vs. Britain
leader of american forces fighting the british
Who burned down the White house (was built in Captial City)
Why was the White House painted white
It was white because white paint was cheapest.
When was the Battle of New Orleans
battle of New Orleans, December 1815
what ended the war of 1812
The Treaty of Ghent
who wrote the Star Spangled Banner
Francis Scott Key
He knew that if he could see the flag they were still fighting
wanted to fight
did not want to fight because a dove is a symbol of peace
What makes the world go around before the war?
Cotton. Only 6% of Alabama owned slaves.
Prior to WWI, everything was handmade and made especially for you.
where you would go to buy your hats
How did you get clothes
Most people didn’t have any more than 3 pairs of clothes; you either had to make it yourself or go to the store with was really expensive
How did you wash your clothes
You had to hand wash your clothes; lye soap- make it yourself. Red devil soap
they didn’t have many of it
They had special way to preserve each food.
Most people would trade for all their food
Some had a charging account
they didn’t have much of them
Split rail fences
How were cows claimed
They were claimed by branding
who Compromised the 1820 Compromise
Henry Clay; the great compromiser (also in compromise of 1850)
Allow Missouri/Maine to come in as a slave state
Take the line of latitude 36 degrees 30 minutes
Anything south - slave state Anything north - free state
when did california came into a free state
let the state decide what they were going to be.
Why was the north was scared of Texas
because South would have gotten a huge advantage
Waving of the Bloody shirt
using your war record for game
Runs for president in 1828
He won the battle of New Orleans
Would be a good president
when the new president came in everyone in D.C. was fired so the president could put anyone where he wanted them.
How did we get territory?
Who hated the bank; he decided it was to centralized
Treaty of Adams Onic
is how he got Florida
He fought the indians
Battle of Horseshoe bend- bige
He had to have Spain permission to get into florida
He is the one who sent the natives to Oklahoma the trail of tears
Every Treaty by the made by the US
never kept their word
Where did we find oil
In oklahoma they found oil
who are The sooners. Why were they called Sooners
oklahoma- the reason why they were called this is because at noon they were able to go homestead it
someone who comes on your land and improves the land can take it from you
What did the Squatters grow
They grew corn, tobacco, cotton, & etc.
is when there was no fences for the cows
putting your mark on something
Who didn’t like the sheep farmers and why
Cow Farmers bc they took the resources for the cows
How did they transport cows
To transport the cows they had to walk on foot
Three categories for the cattle drives
cowboys had to get on horses to stir the cows in the right direction
they take off all together
what did the cowboys eat.
at a lot of beans and biscuits or might kill a bunny or a cow that was not going to make it
was where the cook made food for the cowboys
The chuck wagon
Five dollars a day was good money in factories doing the same thing everyday
its just a statement :)
Somebody has to stay up to watch the cows so nobody steals them or coyotes don’t attack them
its just a statement :)
Why would the cowboys sing
for entertainment when they were bored and to calm cows down
Where would the cowboys lead them
They would lead the cows to trains
where would the cow be taken on train
Chicago and Cincinnati
where the cook would cook all the food for the cattlemen
wrote the Jungle
when you tried to steal the cows
What would happen to them
If you were caught you were killed
If you were accused of horse stealing you were hung on the spot
is when you were hung and the bottom came out from under you in town
why didn’t you want to be called yellow
bc that meant you were a coward
produced steel plows in the 1840s
he was tired after terms of being president
Washington Fare Well Address
He warned them of two things
Foreign entanglements- stay out of other countries business
Political Parties- to have not everyone fighting
what were the first colleges made for
to become a preacher
The united states would control everything from east to west
known for saving Washington’s portrait out of the White house before it burned down completely.
Country wide religious change
The Second Great Awakening-
how America got Florida
Adam- Onis Treaty
“The more things change, the more they stay the same.”
Fugitive Slave law(1850)
if a slave escaped they could be returned to the owner; even if they made it to free state
you have to pay to drive on the road (pay per use)
the day that America broke away from Britain,, Declaration of Independence
July 4 1776
all the southern states join together to vote for something and all of the northern states vote for something
How many times has the Constitution been changed
What was the first 10 amendments
Bill of Rights
a two house legislature (senate and house of representatives)
Discuss the Great compromise
where they took the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan together
is a system of government in which power is divided between a national (federal) government and regional governments.
the mechanical reaper
they could finally go up stream without having to push themselves
What did Robert Fulton do
was the second president
Alabama Statehood (1819)
they came apart of the Union- 50,000
First President, Commander in Chief, and presided over the Constitution
first form of government; they didn’t want a king type leader.
Articles of Confederation