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Flashcards in 6 - Organic chemistry Deck (40)
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1

what is organic chemistry?

the branch of chemistry concerned with the compounds of carbon

2

What elements do hydrocarbons contain?

hydrogen and carbon

3

Name for 1 carbon?

meth

4

name for 2 carbons?

eth

5

name for 3 carbons?

prop

6

name for 4 carbons?

but

7

name for 5 carbons?

pent

8

name for 6 carbons?

hex

9

name for 7 carbons?

hept

10

name for 8 carbons?

oct

11

name for 9 carbons?

non

12

name for 10 carbons?

dec

13

what is a homologous series?

It's a series of compounds that have similar properties and the same general formula, eg, Alkanes

14

Alkanes general formula?

CnH2n+2

15

Alkenes general formula?

CnH2n

16

Alkynes general formula?

CnH2n-2

17

Alcohols general formula?

CnH2n=1OH

18

Halogenoalakanes general formula?

CnH2n=1x

19

adlehydes general formula?

RCOH

20

Carboxylic acids general formula?

CnH2n=1COOH

21

Relative atomic mass?

is the weighted mean mass of 1/12 of an element relative to carbon 12

22

Naming organic compounds?

1) identify the longest carbon chain
2) identify the main functional group, this gives you the suffix or the prefix
3) Number the carbon chain
4) Find any side chains, add this to the start of the name and number the carbon it's attached to
5) for identical side chains use, di, tri and tetra

23

Addition reaction?

a reaction where 2 or more molecules join together to form another molecule

24

Polymerisation?

A reaction where many monomers join together to make a long chain polymer

25

Elimination?

A reaction where atoms or small groups are lost from adjacent carbon atoms

26

Reduction reaction?

A reaction where a species gains electrons

27

substitution?

A reaction where an atom or group is replaced by another

28

Hydrolysis?

A reaction where a molecule is split by adding H+ and OH- (derived from water)

29

Oxidation?

A reaction in which a species loses electrons

30

Mechanisms, what do they show?

the sequence of events that take place to form your new products in an organic reaction