Flashcards in 6 - Organic chemistry Deck (40)
what is organic chemistry?
the branch of chemistry concerned with the compounds of carbon
What elements do hydrocarbons contain?
hydrogen and carbon
Name for 1 carbon?
name for 2 carbons?
name for 3 carbons?
name for 4 carbons?
name for 5 carbons?
name for 6 carbons?
name for 7 carbons?
name for 8 carbons?
name for 9 carbons?
name for 10 carbons?
what is a homologous series?
It's a series of compounds that have similar properties and the same general formula, eg, Alkanes
Alkanes general formula?
Alkenes general formula?
Alkynes general formula?
Alcohols general formula?
Halogenoalakanes general formula?
adlehydes general formula?
Carboxylic acids general formula?
Relative atomic mass?
is the weighted mean mass of 1/12 of an element relative to carbon 12
Naming organic compounds?
1) identify the longest carbon chain
2) identify the main functional group, this gives you the suffix or the prefix
3) Number the carbon chain
4) Find any side chains, add this to the start of the name and number the carbon it's attached to
5) for identical side chains use, di, tri and tetra
a reaction where 2 or more molecules join together to form another molecule
A reaction where many monomers join together to make a long chain polymer
A reaction where atoms or small groups are lost from adjacent carbon atoms
A reaction where a species gains electrons
A reaction where an atom or group is replaced by another
A reaction where a molecule is split by adding H+ and OH- (derived from water)
A reaction in which a species loses electrons