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Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (32)
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1
Q

Motivating Operation

A

An environmental variable that alters the
reinforcing or punishing effectiveness of
some stimulus, object, or event; and alters
the current frequency of all behavior that has
been reinforced or punished by that stimulus,
object, or event

2
Q

Establishing Operation

A

A motivating operation that establishes the
effectiveness of some stimulus, object, or
event as a consequence (reinforcer or
punisher)

3
Q

Abolishing Operation

A

A motivating operation that decreases the
effectiveness of a stimulus, object, or event
as a consequence (reinforcer or punisher)

4
Q

Evocative effect

A

an increase in the momentary frequency of behavior

5
Q

Abative effect

A

a decrease in the momentary frequency of behavior

6
Q

Phylogenic provenance

A

The effect of a stimulus on a specific
response may be innate, due to the
evolutionary history of that species.

7
Q

Ontogenic provenance

A

The effect of the stimulus on a specific response may be learned, due to the experiential history of the individual organism in the environment

8
Q

MO^SR

A

MO related to reinforcement

9
Q

MO^SP

A

MO related to punishment

10
Q

EO^SR

A

EO related to reinforcement

11
Q

EO^ SP

A

EO related to punishment

12
Q

AO^SR

A

AO related to reinforcement

13
Q

AO^SP

A

AO related to punishment

14
Q

UEO^SR+

A

UEO related to positive reinforcement

15
Q

CEO^Sr+

A

CEO related to positive reinforcement

16
Q

Condition motivating operations

A

A motivating operation whose value-altering

effect depends on a learning history

17
Q

Surrogate CEO

A

Acquire the properties of an EO through
contingent pairing with UEOs in much the
same way that stimuli become Srs through
pairing.

18
Q

Surrogate CAO

A

Acquire the properties of an AO through
contingent pairing with UAOs in much the
same way that stimuli become Srs through
pairing.

19
Q

Transitive CEO

A

An event that establishes another stimulus
as a necessary condition to complete the
response that the first event evokes, and
thus establishes that second stimulus as a
reinforcer.

20
Q

Transitive CAO

A

Decrease in the effectiveness of a stimulus
as a reinforcer and abate behavior which is
maintained by the reinforcer whose value
has been lowered (decreased).

21
Q

Reflexive CEO

A

Establishes its own termination as an
effective form of negative reinforcement or
punishment

22
Q

Reflexive CAO

A

Abolishes its own termination as an effective
form of negative reinforcement or
punishment.

23
Q

Threat CEO-R

A

An EO for negative reinforcement; evokes
avoidance behavior and evokes behavior
that has resulted in its own termination in the
past.

24
Q

Threat CAO-R

A

An AO for negative reinforcement; abates
avoidance behavior and abated behavior that
has resulted in its own termination in the
past.

25
Q

Promise CEO-R

A

An EO for negative punishment; abates
behavior that has resulted in its own
termination in the past.

26
Q

Promise CAO-R

A

An AO for negative punishment; evokes
behavior that has resulted in its own
termination in the past

27
Q

Escape

A

Behavior that terminates an aversive stimulus

28
Q

Avoidance

A

Terminates a “warning” stimulus, prevents r delays the onset of the aversive stimulus

29
Q

signaled avoidance

A

a response terminates a warning stimulus

30
Q

warning stimulus

A

A conditioned aversive stimulus whose
presence is correlated with the upcoming
onset of an unconditioned aversive stimulus.

31
Q

unsignaled avoidance

A

No clear warning stimulus, but a response can still delay or prevent the occurrence of the aversive event

32
Q

negative reinforcement

A

the onset of painful stimulation establishes
the reduction or offset of this stimulation as
an effective form of reinforcement and
evokes behavior that achieved such
reduction or offset.