Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (33)
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1
Q

Data

A

The quantitative results of deliberate, planned, and usually controlled observation

2
Q

Datum

A

Singular form of the term ‘data’

3
Q

Characteristics of a good response definition

A

Objective, clear, complete

4
Q

Continuous response measures

A

Directly measure a dimensional quantity of behavior

5
Q

Discontinuous response measures

A

Do not measure bx directly

6
Q

Dimensional quantities of continuous response measures

A

Event, latency, duration, IRT

7
Q

Event Recording

A
Record time observation began
Count the responses
Record time observation ended
Divide: Count/unit of time
Report as rate per unit of time
8
Q

Event recording of restricted operants

A
Record time observation began
Record each antecedent
Record each response
Record time observation ended
Report as (Responses/Antecedents)/unit
of time
9
Q

Duration per session

A

total amount of time an individual engages in an activity

10
Q

Duration per occurrence

A

amount of time a target behavior occupies

11
Q

Latency Recording

A

Specify when to start recording (onset or offset of the stimulus)

12
Q

Inter-response time recording

A

Start timing at the END of the response
cycle.
Stop timing at the BEGINNING of the
next response cycle.

13
Q

Estimating IRT’s

A

When given the rate, provided that the
variability is not too great, or that there
are no outliers

14
Q

Dimensionless quantities of discontinuous

response measures

A
Percent occurrence
Trials to criterion
Discrete categorization
Partial interval recording
Whole interval recording
Momentary time sampling
PLACHECK
15
Q

Percent occurrence

A

Similar to event recording of a restricted
or discriminated operant which has been
converted into a percent

16
Q

Trials to criterion

A
The number of consecutive opportunities
to respond required to achieve a
performance standard.
Record each opportunity to respond until
the performance standard is met.
17
Q

Trials to criterion steps

A
  1. Determine what one trial will be
  2. Decide how to report (number of trials
    or number of block trials)
  3. Record count as the measure
  4. Present data
18
Q

Discrete categorization

A

A method for classifying responses into

discrete categories

19
Q

Partial interval recording

A
A discontinuous response measure in
which a recording session is broken into
short intervals of time; occurrence is
recorded if a response happens
during any part of the interval
20
Q

whole interval recording

A
A discontinuous response measure in
which a recording session is broken into
short intervals of time; occurrence is
recorded if the behavior occurs for
the whole interval
21
Q

Momentary time sampling

A

A discontinuous response measure in
which a response is recorded as
occurring only if it occurs at the point in
time in which an interval ends.

22
Q

PLACHECK

A
A group of individuals is observed at the
end of an interval
Count how many of individuals are
engaging in the target behavior(s)
Compare with the total number of
individuals
Percent of individuals engaging in
behavior(s)
23
Q

Factors to consider when selecting a response measure

A

The dimensional quantity of interest.
The estimated rate of the behavior.
Whether to measure responses or
episodes.

24
Q

Permanent products

A

measuring the results of behavior

25
Q

reliability

A

the consistency of measurement

26
Q

Interobserver agreement

A
The coefficient of agreement between
two or more independent observers.
Usually calculated as a percentage by
dividing the number of agreements by the
total number of agreements plus
disagreements, then multiplying by 100.
27
Q

Uses for IOA

A
Competence of new observers
Detecting observer drift
Validate collection methods
Increase confidence that interventions
are responsible for behavior change
28
Q

IV integrity

A

The degree to which an intervention is

implemented as described/designated

29
Q

Two main methods of IOA

A

Total count, percent agreement

30
Q

mean count per interval

A

Total agreement in each interval/
Number of intervals
X 100

31
Q

Exact count per interval

A
# of intervals with 100% agreement/
Number of intervals
X 100
32
Q

IOA should be at or above

A

80%

33
Q

IOA should be collected and scored for a minimum of ___ of observations

A

33%