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Flashcards in 8 - Contraception Deck (18)
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1

What percent of total pregnancies are planned?

50%

2

Of the 50% of unplanned pregnancies, how many of these are aborted?

43% (of the 50%...so 22% of total)

3

The number of contraceptive failures per 100 women over a one year period of use is called the ____________

pearl index

4

What is theoretical effectiveness vs actual effectiveness in reference to contraceptives?

theoretical = a perfect world, taken exactly correctly
actual = actual

5

What are the natural family planning methods (acceptable to Catholics)?

1) basal body temp chart (BBTC)
2) mucosal observation
3) calendar rhythm

(effective in women with REGULAR predictable cycles)

6

What are the 2 types of IUD's?

1) copper - 7 years, ex: Paraguard
2) progesterone - 5 years, ex: Mirena

7

How do IUD's work? (Mechanism?)

1) Prevent conception by altering tube motility and sperm motility
2) also causes some inflammation in the endometrium that prevents implantation of a fertilized egg. (bad for catholics)

8

_____________IUD's reduce menstrual blood loss and cramping, while ______________IUD's exacerbate dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia

progesterone, copper

9

True or False: spermicidal jellies have been linked with a possible increase in HIV transmission.

true

10

What contraceptive method can be used for 48 hours and is available without a prescription?

cervical cap

11

Which contraceptive method requires a fitting and a prescription and should be used with spermicidal jelly and left in place for 6 hours after intercourse?

diaphragm

12

What contraceptive method is associated with UTI's and TSS (toxic shock syndrome)

diaphragm.

seriously, why would you use this?

13

How effective are steroid contraceptives?

99%

14

What is the failure rate for IUD's?

2%

15

What is the failure rate for progestin only pills?

5%

16

What is the failure rate for barrier method and family planning?

5-10%

17

When ranking eligibility criteria for contraceptive use, the CDC considers what scores to be acceptable?

1 or 2 --go ahead. (no restriction, adv>risk)

3 or 4 --stop! (risk>adv, unacceptable risk)

18

What are some risks associated with IUD's?

infection, perforation