80 Flawed Methods Of Reasoning: Descriptors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 80 Flawed Methods Of Reasoning: Descriptors Deck (233)
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1

The argument's conclusion is identical to one of its premises

Circular Reasoning

2

The arguments attempts to support its conclusion solely by restating that conclusion in other words

Circular Reasoning

3

The argument rephrases its conclusion without offering any support for it

Circular Reasonign

4

The argument draws a conclusion that simply restates a claim given in support of that conclusion

Circular Reasoning

5

The argument offers, in place of support for its conclusion, a mere restatement of that conclusion

Circular Reasoning

6

The overall conclusion reached merely repeats the evidence offered

Circular Reasoning

7

The argument assumes what it seeks to establish

Circular Reasoning

8

The argument presupposes what it sets to conclude

Circular Reasoning

9

The argument takes for granted what it tries to prove

Circular Reasoning

10

The argument is a circular argument made up of an opening claim followed by a conclusion that merely paraphrases that claim

Circular Reasoning

11

The argument presents as its sole premise a claim that one would accept as true only if one already accepted the truth of the Conclusion

Circular Reasoning

12

The argument attempts to justify its conclusion by citing reasons that people would find plausible only if they were already convinced the conclusion was true

Circular Reasoning

13

The argument relies on an assumption that is tantamount to assuming that the conclusion is true

Circular Reasoning

14

The argument relies on an assumption that is implausible unless the conclusion is true

Circular Reasoning

15

The argument precludes the possibility of disconfirming evidence

Circular Reasoning

16

The argument disallows in principle any evidence that would disconfirm its conclusion

Circular Reasoning

17

The argument uses a key term ambiguously

Ambiguous Word Usage

18

The argument draws a conclusion based on equivocal language

Ambiguous Word Usage

19

The argument unfairly exploits an ambiguity in a word by treating two different meanings of the word as if they were equivalent

Ambiguous Word Usage

20

The argument inappropriately uses language that is vague

Ambiguous Word Usage

21

The argument bases its conclusion on an ambiguous interpretation of a key word

Ambiguous Word Usage

22

Te argument depends upon the use of an imprecise term

Ambiguous Word Usage

23

The argument relies on two different uses a pivotal phrase

Ambiguous Word Usage

24

The argument equivocates with respect to an important term

Ambiguous Word Usage

25

The argument uses a key phrase in two different senses

Ambiguous Word Usage

26

The argument incorrectly relies on words whose meanings are vague or imprecise

Ambiguous Word Usage

27

The argument allows a pivotal expression to shift its meaning over the course of the argument

Ambiguous Word Usage

28

The argument interprets an ambiguous claim in one way in one part of the argument and in another way in another part of the argument

Ambiguous Word Usage

29

The argument fails to distinguish between two distinct senses of a key term

Ambiguous Word Usage

30

The argument makes crucial use of a concept without defining it

Ambiguous Word Usage