Lecture 11 - Reception of the Origin of Species Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 11 - Reception of the Origin of Species Deck (13)
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1
Q

What was Samuel Wilberforce’s view of the Origin of species?

A

He wrote a very negative review of the Origin of species and thought that Darwin’s work was irreligious

2
Q

What was Thomas Henry Huxley’s view of the Origin of species?

A

He was a viscous defender of Darwin. • Reviews OOS fairly and positively – strongly believed that Darwin’s scientific ideas cannot be dismissed by religious/moral objections

3
Q

Who coined the term “Agnostic” and when was it coined?

A

Thomas Henry Huxley

1869

4
Q

What does “Agnostic” mean?

A

One does that believe in the existence of God simply because there is not enough evidence

5
Q

What was the first modern book of human evolution and who wrote it?

A

“Man’s place in nature” 1863

Thomas Henry Huxley

6
Q

What was Fleming Jenkin’s view of the Origin of species?

A

He wrote the most powerful negative review about the Origin of species

He believed that variation is everywhere and spontaneous variations are constantly appearing, not a one-off thing.

7
Q

What theory did Henry Walter Bates develop?

A

Mimicry (only occur for species within the same area and nowhere else)

8
Q

What was the Archaeopteryx?

A

Most famous fossil with a long bony tail just like a reptile

9
Q

Who is Asa Grey and what is his attitude towards Darwin’s idea of natural selection?

A

He was one of Darwin’s strongest supporter in America.

Disliked natural selection as he wants more room for divine intervention

10
Q

Who wrote “Explorations and Adventures in equatorial Africa” in 1861?

A

Paul Du Chaillu

11
Q

What was Richard Owen’s view of the Origin of species?

A

He wrote an anonymous review to bash Darwin’s work and praised his own work

Argued that humans were different – wants to separate humans from animals

Claims that humans are different by saying that there is a structure in human brains that is different

12
Q

What was the Great Hippocampus test (Richard Owen vs Thomas Henry Huxley) about?

A

• Huxley attacked Owen (said that the “special brain structure was also present in the brains of monkeys – not unique to humans)

13
Q

Who wrote the book “Geological evidences of the antiquity of man (1863)”

A

Charles Lyell (Most radical book ever)

Said that humans existed for 50-60,000 years