Grape Growing Flashcards

You may prefer our related Brainscape-certified flashcards:
1
Q

How long can a vine live

A

60 years or more

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2
Q

What are the parts of a grape and what do they contribute to the wine

A

Skin - high levels of colour and flavour

Pulp - water and sugar, contains acid and flavours

Seeds and stems - high levels of tannins, can make the wine taste bitter

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3
Q

What does a vine need to grow and thrive

A
Warmth
Sunlight
Carbon dioxide
Water
Nutrients
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4
Q

What is photosynthesis

A

The process of the vine turning carbon dioxide and water into sugar

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5
Q

What are the stages of grape formation and ripening

A

Flowering
Fruit set
Véraison
Ripening

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6
Q

What is flowering

A

Clusters of flowers are produced in Spring, each flower needs to be pollinated to become a grape

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7
Q

What is fruit set

A

When the flower is pollinated it starts to grow seeds and swell, then becomes a grape

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8
Q

What is Véraison

A

The point at which the grapes start to lose their dark green colour, white grapes become golden and black grapes become red then purple

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9
Q

What is ripening

A

The grapes swell with water and become soft and fleshy

Sugar levels rise and acidity drops

Herbaceous flavours decrease, green fruit changes to stone fruit, black fruit changes from fresh to cooked

Tannins develop

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10
Q

What is Botrytis/noble rot

A

A fungus that grows on white grapes causing noble rot

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11
Q

What are the growing seasons in the Southern/Northern hemisphere

A

Northern - April to October

Southern - October to April

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12
Q

What are the temperature classifications for cool, moderate and warm climates

A

Cool. 16.5 or below

Moderate - 16.5 - 18.5

Warm - 18.5 - 21

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