SIGNS OF PREGNANCY Flashcards Preview

MARK KLIMEX > SIGNS OF PREGNANCY > Flashcards

Flashcards in SIGNS OF PREGNANCY Deck (17)
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1
Q

What are the 4 POSITIVE SIGNS of PREGNANCY?

A

1) FETAL SKELETON ON X-RAY
2) FETAL PRESENCE ON ULTRASOUND
3) AUSCULTATION OF THE FETAL HEART RATE (Doppler detecting a Heart Rate of 140 b/min. bet. 8-12 WEEKS)
Starts beating at 5 wks but cannot hear it until 8 WKS.
4) When the EXAMINER PALPATES FETAL MOVEMENT

2
Q

If you see the question: “WHEN WOULD YOU FIRST”, what would you pick? e.g. When would you FIRST auscultate a Fetal Heart

A

8 WEEKS = If you see “FIRST” - Pick the EARLIEST part of the Range

3
Q

If you see a question: “WHEN IS IT MOST LIKELY”, what would you pick? e.g. When would you MOST LIKELY auscultate a Fetal Heart

A

10 WEEKS = “MOST LIKELY” - Pick the MIDPOINT of the Range

4
Q

If you a question: “WHEN SHOULD YOU BY”, what would you pick? e.g. WHEN SHOULD YOU auscultate a Fetal Heart BY

A

12 WEEKS = “SHOULD BY” - pick the END part of the Range

5
Q

When is QUICKENING? (1ST kick of the Fetus)

A

16-20 WEEKS

6
Q

When WOULD YOU FIRST feel QUICKENING?

A

16th week

7
Q

When would you MOST LIKELY feel QUICKENING?

A

18th week

8
Q

When SHOULD YOU feel QUICKENING BY?

A

20th week

9
Q

What is NOT count as POSITIVE SIGN of Pregnancy?

A

When MOM DOES

10
Q

What are the PROBABLE & PRESUMPTIVE SIGNS OF PREGNANCY?

A

a) ALL URINE & BLOOD TEST
b) CHADWICK’S SIGN = Cervical Color Change to Cyanosis (& so is the vagina)
GOODELL’S SIGN = is a Cervical Softening
HEGAR’S SIGN = is a Uterine Softening
(goes inorder alphabetically)

11
Q

What are the PATTERNS OF OFFICE VISIT to have a good PRENATAL CARE & how OFTEN they should COME?

A

ONCE a MONTH until WEEK 28th (whole 1st & 2nd Trimester & even into the 3rd Trimester)
ONCE EVERY 2 WEEKS - WEEK 28TH - 36TH
ONCE A WEEK -until DELIVERY or WEEK 42ND
WEEK 42ND VISIT - woman will know if C-SECTION or INDUCTION delivery

12
Q

What should you teach the Pregnant Woman about the HEMOGLOBIN?

A

Hemoglobin will DECREASE (1st Trimester = 11g is normal; 2nd Trimester = 10.5g is still normal; 3rd Trimester = 10 still normal)
(10.1g in 37th wk is normal. Acceptably low could be as low as 9g)

13
Q

How would you treat MORNING SICKNESS?

A

Give DRY CARBOHYDRATES (crackers) before getting out of bed (1st Trimester)

14
Q

How do you deal with INCONTINENCE which is a 1ST and 3RD TRIMESTER Problem?

A

Because the baby is DOWN ON the BLADDER on the 1st and 3rd Trimester, Encourage to VOID atleast every 2 HOURS from the day she got Pregnant until 6 WEEKS AFTER DELIVERY

15
Q

Why do you NOT get a URINARY INCONTINENCE in the 2ND TRIMESTER?

A

Because the BABY is at the ABDOMINAL PREGNANCY, up high OFF the BLADDER

16
Q

How do you treat DIFFICULTY BREATHING which is a 2ND and 3RD TRIMESTER problem?

A

Teach Woman TRIPOD POSITION (Feet flat, arms on the table/knee, leaning forward)
(can be seen with COPD clients)

17
Q

How do you treat BACK PAIN in 2ND and 3RD TRIMESTER?

A

Teach PELVIC-TILT EXERCISES. (Tilt Pelvis forward or putting foot on a stool that tilts the pelvis forward)