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Flashcards in 93B PTSD Deck (11):
1

acute vs chronic PTSD time frame and importance

chronic = >3 months (requires treatment as it probably wont go away; 80% have MDD, anxiety, substance abuse issues)

2

what is the most traumatic event type?

War/combat
terrorism > natural disasters

3

physicians and PTSD diagnosis; prevalence

doctors miss it a lot (only diagnose 5% of cases);
3.5% prevalence (20% for OEF/OIF vets)

4

dissociation symptoms during/right after a trauma what does that mean?

higher chance of getting PTSD

5

PTSD and traumatic brain injury have similar symptoms - how do you differentiate?

EEG

6

Signs and symptoms of PTSD

Re-experiencing symptoms
hyperarousal
avoidance
numbing (alcohol, weed, social isolation)
negative thoughts/moods

7

complex trauma

traumas inflicted over a period of years

8

What mediates allostasis in humans?

Neuroendocrine system
Autonomic nervous system
Immune system

9

what 2 areas of the brain atrophy with chronic stress?

amygldala
hippocampus

10

what do high dose, chronic adrenal steroids and glutamate cause?

suppressed synaptic transmission, potentiation, and learning

11

1st line meds for PTSD

SSRIs and SNRIs
Prasosin for sleep (NOT BENZOs)