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Flashcards in A Peoples History of the World Deck (154):
1

Australopithecus walks on 2 legs

4 million years ago

2

Clearly human species, Homo erectus.

1.5 to .5 million years ago

3

First 'modern humans' - Homo sapiens sapiens

150,000 years ago

4

Modern humans in Middle East

80,000 years ago

5

Modern humans cross to Australia

40,000 years ago

6

Modern humans arrive in Europe

30,000 years ago

7

Modern humans establish Americas

14,000 years ago

8

First agricultural revolution

10,000 years ago

9

Old Kingdom Egypt

5000 years ago
3000 BC

10

Alarick's Goths sack Rome

410

11

Sui Dynasty rises in China

581

12

T'ang Dynasty rises in China

618

13

Mohammed takes Mecca

630

14

Abbasid revolution

750

15

Mongols Sack Baghdad

1258

16

Mongols Conquer China

1279

17

'Crusaders' capture Jerusalem

1099-1187

18

'Crusaders' sack Byzantium

1204

19

Columbus crosses Atlantic

1492

20

Ottomans conquer Constantinople

1453

21

High point of Italian Renaissance - Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Macchiavelli

1450-1520

22

Lutheran Reformation sweeps southern Germany

1518-1525

23

Cortes conquers Aztecs

1519-1521

24

Mongul conquest of northern India

1529

25

Pizarro conquers Inca Empire

1532

26

Copernicus publishes a theory of the universe after 30 year delay

1540

27

Ivan the Terrible centralises power in Russia, begins conquest of Siberia

1544-84

28

Wave of witch-burning

1560-1630

29

Shakespeare writes first plays

1590's

30

Giordano Bruno burnt at stake by Inquisition

1600

31

Kepler in Prague calculates orbits of planets accurately

1609

32

Galileo uses telescope to observe moon

1609

33

Thirty Years War begins in Bohemia

1618

34

First English colonies established in North America

1620's and 30's

35

Harvey describes circulation of blood

1628

36

Galileo condemned by Inquisition

1637

37

Descartes/ Discourse on Method begins 'rationalist' school of philosophy

1637

38

Rembrant paints in Amsterdam

1630's to 60's

39

End of Thirty Years War

1648

40

Hobbes' Leviathan - materialist defence of conservative politics

1651

41

Beginning of plantation slavery in Americas, 20,000 black slaves in Barbados

1653

42

England wins wars against Holland, takes Jamaica

1655

43

Boyle discovers law of gases, defends theory of atoms

1662

44

Newton completes revolution in physics

1687

45

Whites and blacks unite in Bacon's rebellion in Virginia

1687

46

Century mongol empire breaks up in India

18th cent

47

Unification of England and Scotland

1707

48

Voltaire publishes first philosophical work

1734

49

Century Bach develops counterpoint and fugue form in music

18th cent

50

Century Rousseau publishes Discourse on the Origins of Inequality and The Social Contract

18th cent

51

Voltaire publishes satirical novel Candide pouring scorn on optimism

1759

52

Century of 'Scottish Enlightenment' of David Hume, Adam Ferguson and Adam Smith

18th cent

53

Britain defeats France in war over control of new colonial lands

1763

54

Watt and Boulton build first generally applicable steam engines

1775

55

Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations preaches order based on 'free labour' and 'free trade'

1776

56

Declaration of Independence declares 'all men are created equal' (but is silent over question of slavery)

1776

57

Mozart: The Marriage of Figaro

1786

58

Mozart: Don Giovanni

1787

59

Boston Tea Party

1773

60

Fighting at Lexington and Bunker Hill

1775

61

British defeat at yorktown

1781

62

Storming of Bastille, beggining of French Revolution

1789

63

Slave revolt in St Domingue (Caribbean island of Hispaniola)

1791

64

French revolutionary war, Battle of Valmy, execution of king

1792

65

Jacobin gov led by Robespierre rule France and 'Terror' begins

1793

66

Rising against British rule in Ireland, formation of Orange Order to combat it

1798

67

Napoleon takes all power in France

1799

68

Beethoven's Eroica symphony

1804

69

Napoleon becomes emperor

1805

70

Hegel's Phenomenology of Mind

1807

71

Britain bans slave trade

1807

72

First risings against Spanish rule in Mexico and Venezuela.

1810

73

Napoleon defeated at Waterloo

1815

74

World's first passenger railway

1830

75

Faraday discovers electric induction

1831

76

Opium War against China

1839-42

77

Great Irish Famine

1846-49

78

The Communist Manifesto

1847

79

British complete conquest of northern India

1843-56

80

Darwin's The Origin of Species

1859

81

American Civil War begins

1861

82

Lincoln declares end of slavery

1863

83

Defeat of American South in Civil War

1865

84

Nobel discovers dynamite

1866

85

Franco-Prussian War. Fall of Louis Bonaparte

1870

86

Paris Commune, workers control city, then Republican government attacks city, killing thousands.

1871

87

First electric machine

1873

88

Troops withdraw from Southern states of US, rise of 'Jim Crow' segregation

Mid 1870's

89

Carve up of Africa

1880's

90

Spanish-American War

1898

91

Boer War - British set up first concentration camps

1899-1902

92

Mendel's genetic theory gains publicity, 16 years after his death

1900

93

First airplane

1903

94

Russia loses war with Japan

1904

95

Revolution in Russia

1905

96

Industrial Workers of World founded

1905

97

Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity

1905

98

Mexican Revolution

1911

99

Balkan Wars

1912-13

100

Ford mass production car plant

1913

101

Outbreak of First World War

1914

102

Russian Revolutions, mutinies in French army and German navy, US enters WWI

1917

103

Civil war in Germany and Versailles Treaty ends WWI

1919

104

Italian Fascists given power

1922

105

Nazi putsch

1923

106

Heisenberg's quantum theory

1925

107

Massacre of workers in Shanghai

1927

108

Leon Trotsky exiled

1927

109

Stalin takes all power

1928

110

Wall Street Crash

1929

111

Revolution is Spain

1931

112

Hitler takes power

1933

113

Hitler takes Austria, Munich agreement annexes portions of Czechoslovakia

1938

114

German invades Poland and WW2 begins

1939

115

France falls and Italy enters WW2

1940

116

Hitler attacks Russia

1941

117

Japan attacks US fleet at Pearl Harbor

1941

118

Nazis draw up plans for Holocaust

1942

119

Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombed

1945

120

First computer

1947

121

Beginning of Cold War. Marshall Plan, Prague coup, Berlin airlift, Yugoslav split with Russia, McCarthyism in US. Chinese People's Liberation Army enters Beijing.

1947-49

122

Korean War

1950

123

Indonesian independence from Dutch

1950

124

Mau Mau rebellion against Britain in Kenya

1952-57

125

Death of Stalin

1953

126

US explodes H-bomb

1953

127

Geneva agreement ends war in Korea and divides Vietnam

1954

128

CIA overthrows Guatemalan government

1954

129

Montgomery bus boycott starts civil rights movement in US

1955-56

130

Egypt nationalises Suez Canal, attacked by Britain, France and Isreal. Khrushchev denounces Stalin. Hungarian Revolution

1956

131

Nationalist revolution in Iraq

1958

132

Castro's rebels take Havana

1959

133

Abortive CIA invasion of Cuba. First split between Russia and China. US 'advisers' in Vietnam.

1961

134

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

135

Military coup in Indonesia, half a million people killed

1965

136

Founding of Black Panthers

1967

137

Tet Offensive in Vietnam

1968

138

Strikes bring down Gomulka in Poland. Election of Allende in Chile. US invasion of Cambodia, students shot dead at Kent State University.

1970

139

Outbreak of world recession

1974

140

CIA sponsors civil war in Angola

1976

141

Turmoil in China after death of Mao, first market reforms

1976-77

142

Iranian Revolution, 'Islamic Republic'. Sandinistas take power in Nicaragua. Russia invades Afghanistan.

1979

143

Iraqi war against Iran with US backing

1980

144

First PC's using silicon chip

1980

145

Cruise missiles in Europe. 'Second Cold War'. Civil war in El Salvador, US Contra terrorism against Nicaragua. Polish military crush Solidarnosc.

1981

146

Falklands War

1982

147

US invasion of Grenada

1983

148

Glasnost permits first free debate for 60 years in USSR

1987

149

Tiananmen Square protests in China, miners' strike in Russia, political revolutions across Eastern Europe. Rise of Milosovic in Serbia. US invasion of Panama. Scientists begin to warn about danger of 'greenhouse effect'.

1989

150

US-led war against Iraq. Failed coup in Russia, disbandment of USSR. Civil war in Yugoslavia and Algeria.

1991

151

Famine and civil war in Somalia. Civil war in Tajikistan. Slump in Russian economy.

1992

152

Black rule in South Africa

1994

153

Strikes rock French government in 199_?

1995

154

US-led war against Serbia

1999