Flashcards in A9. Odomirok 10 Deck (29):
List some questions the actuary may have if the insurer has material credit risk exposure to a reinsurer
-Why wasnt security provided?
-Are there concerns about the financial health of either the insurer or reinsurer?
-Was the large amount of recoverables caused by a catastrophe?
-Are all of the unsecured recoverables concentrated with one reinsurer?
What disclosures does the insurer need to make about unsecured reinsurance recoverables
If the recoverables from the reinsurer exceed 3% of surplus, disclose: Name/ Paid losses billed but not yet collected/ Ceded reserves/ Ceded unearned premiums
List some questions that the actuary may have about the disputed balances
-What is the issue causing the disagreement?
-Is the disputed amount material to either the reinsured or reinsurer?
-Are there legal opinions available?
List 2 uses of the Disputed balances note
1. Identify credit risk
2. Identify insurers that try to over recover from reinsurers
List some questions that the actuary may have about the Uncollectible Insurance note
-Why is the reinsurance uncollectible?
-Is there other outstanding recoverable that may also be uncollectible in the future for similar reasons?
-How long has it taken the company historically to write off the uncollectible reinsurance that had been disclosed in the notes?
Reasons that users would be interested in the Reinsurance Assumed and Ceded note
-Identify situations where the insurer is engaging in reinsurance contracts with commissions designed to manipulate its surplus
-Helps derive the impact to surplus if the policy(s) are cancelled
Describe 2 ways in which commutations will distort the financial statements:
1. The payment from the reinsurer is a negative paid loss (income statement)
2. The loss reserve is increased (balance sheet)
Define a commutation
Settlement between an insurer and reinsurer to discharge all remaining (present and future) obligations.
Required disclosures in the Notes about retroactive reinsurance
-Paid losses reimbursed
-Special surplus generated
-The reinsurers involved
Describe the accounting treatment of retroactive reinsurance
-The ceded reserves are recorded as a negative write in item in the balance sheet
-Any gain is recorded as
>other income in the income statement
>special surplus in the balance sheet
What do the Notes need to disclose about reinsurance accounted for as a deposit
Include a schedule that shows the historical change to the deposit/ liability balance since the inception of each contract.
Reason it is important to disclose retroactive reinsurance
Helps verify that the insurer is appropriately accounting for the retroactive reinsurance, and to better understand its impact.
Reasons the Change in Incurred Loss and LAE note is important
-Changes can distort the current years underwriting income
-Recurring material changes may indicate that there are issues with the reserving process.
What does the Change in Incurred Loss and LAE note disclose
-Amount of the change
-Segments/ lines that lead to change
-Reason for the change
2 ways to account for premium deficiency
-Establish a write-in liability
-Reflect as part of the UEPR
2 reasons that Premium deficiencies are rare:
-Most policies charge sufficient premium to cover the expected losses and expenses
-A particular segment within a group that has a deficiency may be offset by the surplus of another segment
What does the insurer disclose about discounting in the notes
-Whether it uses tabular discounting
-Basis and assumptions supporting tabular discounts
-Whether it uses nontabular discounting
-Basis and assumptions supporting nontabular discounts
-Whether there has been a change since the prior year of
any of the key assumptions that were used to calculate the discount.
What does the insurer need to disclose about premium deficiencies in the Notes
-The size of the deficiency
-Whether investment income was considered
2 reasons that it is necessary to disclose the potential asbestos/ environmental exposure
1. The reserves have developed adversely over the last few decades
2. There is a lot of uncertainty associated with the reserves
Provide some reasons why the actuaries should become familiar with the Discounting note
-Different companies use different discounting practices, and the actuary will therefore need to know the details in order to make comparisons
-The use of non-tabular discounts is a sign that the regulator possibly may have solvency concerns about the insurer
-The actuary has to disclose and describe discounting in the SAO
What is described in the Summary of Significant Accounting Policies note
-The source of the accounting rules used to construct the
Annual Statement (typically the NAIC Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual)
-Any exceptions that were made to the above rules, and the basis of the exceptions
-Additional detail on the insurers significant accounting policies
What does the insurer need to disclose about the asbestos/ environmental exposure in the Notes
-Lines of business affected
-Nature of the exposures
-Table that contains for each of the past 5 years: Beginning loss and LAE reserves/ Incurred loss & LAE/ Calendar year payments for losses and LAE/ Ending loss and LAE reserves
How should Type 1 Events be accounted for
These events should already be reflected in the financial statements, as the statements are meant to include all known information about the conditions that existed at the accounting date, as of the dates the statements are issued.
Disclosure will only be needed in the event that it would prevent the statements from being misleading.
Define Type 1 (Recognized Subsequent Events):
Events that provide additional detail on conditions that existed at the accounting date
How should Type 2 Events be accounted for
These events should not be included in the financials. They should however be described in the note if they could have a material impact to the financials of the firm.
Define Type 2 (Nonrecognized Subsequent Events)
Events that did not exist at the accounting date
What do the Notes disclose about Structured Settlements
-Total amount of the structured settlement payments for
which the insurer could be held liable
-In the event where the remaining payments from a single life insurer exceeds 1% of surplus, the name of the life insurer and associated remaining payments
What do the Notes disclose about intercompany pools
-Members of the pool
-Pooling percentage of each participant