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Flashcards in Aaa Deck (10):
1

Where?

90% between renal arteries and illiac bifurcation

2

If one sided it is?

Saccular

3

If both sided?

It is fusiform

4

Risk factors for AAA?

Pfo rest degree relative, smoking, hypertension, age, male (6:1)

5

Presentation of a ruptured AAA

Pulsatilla abdo mass, abdo pain radiating to back, tachy, hypotension

6

Investigations

Bloods (Hb and CLOTTING), pregnancy test, ultrasound, CT in patients who do not need to be rushed to treatment

7

Management

ABCDE, 2 large bore cannula to keep blood and fluid levels high until it can be closed

8

Surveillance

Less than 5 cm = 5year survival of 80%
Less than 6 = 10% chance of rupture
Less than 7 = 30% chance of rupture

9

What size must it be for surgery to be considered ?

Must be at least 5.5 cm in diameter

10

What is it?

Enlargement of the aorta of at least 1.5 times than it is further up or greater than 3 cm in total