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Flashcards in AAFP Review Questions Deck (466)
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451

Long acting insulin

NPH: onset between 1-2 hours, peak 4-8 hours, lasts 10-20 hrs
glargine (Lantus), detemir (Levemir): onset between 1-2 hours, peak unpredictable, and last ~24 hrs

452

What type of hearing loss is presbyacusis?

Presbyacusis, the hearing loss associated with aging, is gradual in onset, bilateral, symmetric, and sensorineural

453

Most common cause of erythema multiforme

Herpes simplex virus

454

Treatment of cocaine-associated chest pain

Aspirin, nitroglycerin, IV benzodiazepines

NOT beta-blockers, which can worsen coronary vasospasm d/t unopposed alpha action

455

How to diagnose Duchenne muscular dystrophy in kids who have not started walking yet

Elevated CK

456

Bowel rest after acute pancreatitis?

NO

Bowel rest is associated with intestinal mucosal atrophy and increased infectious complications because of bacterial translocation from te gut

So: Early initiation of a low-fat diet

457

Most common cause of wheezing in infants

Gastroesophageal reflux

458

Skin tags are associated with

Diabetes and obesity

459

Which fluoroquinolone should not be used in UTIs?

Moxifloxacin

Doesn't attain high enough urinary concentrations

460

Treatment of shingles

ORAL antivirals (acyclovir, valacyclovir, famcyclovir)

461

Prevent renal failure induced by contrast

adequate hydration and the use of N-acetylcysteine

462

Most effective treatment of lice

Malathion

463

Which tocolytic also causes respiratory depression?

Magnesium sulfate

464

What does it mean if mother is anti-D antibody positive?

The fetus is AT RISK for hemolytic disease only if the biological father is Rh-positive

465

TNF inhibitor black box warning

All drugs in this class carry an FDA black-box warning
about the potential for developing primary tuberculosis or reactivating latent tuberculosis. These drugs are
also associated with an increased risk for invasive fungal infections and opportunistic bacterial and viral
diseases. The FDA also warns of reports of lymphomas and other malignancies in children and adolescents
taking these drugs.

466

Antidote to respiratory depression from magnesium

Calcium