Flashcards in AAFP Review Questions Deck (466)
Long acting insulin
NPH: onset between 1-2 hours, peak 4-8 hours, lasts 10-20 hrs
glargine (Lantus), detemir (Levemir): onset between 1-2 hours, peak unpredictable, and last ~24 hrs
What type of hearing loss is presbyacusis?
Presbyacusis, the hearing loss associated with aging, is gradual in onset, bilateral, symmetric, and sensorineural
Most common cause of erythema multiforme
Herpes simplex virus
Treatment of cocaine-associated chest pain
Aspirin, nitroglycerin, IV benzodiazepines
NOT beta-blockers, which can worsen coronary vasospasm d/t unopposed alpha action
How to diagnose Duchenne muscular dystrophy in kids who have not started walking yet
Bowel rest after acute pancreatitis?
Bowel rest is associated with intestinal mucosal atrophy and increased infectious complications because of bacterial translocation from te gut
So: Early initiation of a low-fat diet
Most common cause of wheezing in infants
Skin tags are associated with
Diabetes and obesity
Which fluoroquinolone should not be used in UTIs?
Doesn't attain high enough urinary concentrations
Treatment of shingles
ORAL antivirals (acyclovir, valacyclovir, famcyclovir)
Prevent renal failure induced by contrast
adequate hydration and the use of N-acetylcysteine
Most effective treatment of lice
Which tocolytic also causes respiratory depression?
What does it mean if mother is anti-D antibody positive?
The fetus is AT RISK for hemolytic disease only if the biological father is Rh-positive
TNF inhibitor black box warning
All drugs in this class carry an FDA black-box warning
about the potential for developing primary tuberculosis or reactivating latent tuberculosis. These drugs are
also associated with an increased risk for invasive fungal infections and opportunistic bacterial and viral
diseases. The FDA also warns of reports of lymphomas and other malignancies in children and adolescents
taking these drugs.