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Flashcards in Abdomen Deck (43)
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1

•The right suprarenal gland is positioned _____to the right kidney. 

superior 

1

In Step 12, you are directed to identify (locate) the lesser omentum extending between the __________ of the stomach and the __________ .

  lesser curvature; liver 

1

Of the three structures identified (located) in the free margin of the lesser omentum, the __________ is the most posterior.

hepatic portal vein

1

◦Duodenum

◾1st part
◾Descending
◾Transverse
◾Ascending
◾Duodenal papillae

1


◦Bile duct 

◾Cystic
◾Common hepatic

1

◦Kidneys 

◾Renal column
◾Renal pyramid
◾Renal papillae
◾Minor calyx
◾Major calyx
◾Renal pelvis

2

•The inferior vena cava passes ______to the liver and is positioned _____to the caudate lobe. 

posterior ,  lateral 

2

•The kidney is positioned _____-______ to the psoas muscle and ______to both the quadratus lumborum and transversus abdominis muscles.

anterior - lateral, anterior 

3

In Step 14, you are directed to identify (locate) the superior mesenteric vein.  This vein typically passes __________ to the duodenum (3rd or 4th segment) and __________ to the body of the pancreas.

  anterior; posterior 

4

•The left suprarenal gland is positioned ______to the left kidney. 

medial 

5

In Step 17, you are instructed to mobilize the abdominal viscera. After following the directions, you should be able to displace the viscera towards the __________ quadrant of the peritoneal cavity.

  upper right 

6

In Step 7, you are directed to attempt to identify (locate) the cremaster muscle passing from the __________ to the spermatic cord.

  internal oblique 

8

•The duodenum (2 nd part) is positioned directly _____ of the pancreas (head). 

lateral (to the right)

8

The superficial ring of the inguinal canal is an opening in the __________

  aponeurosis of the external oblique 

9

•The left renal vein passes _______to the abdominal aorta and _____to the superior mesenteric artery. 

anterior, posterior 

10

◦Liver 

◾Right lobe
◾Left lobe
◾Fossa for gall bladder
◾Porta hepatis
◾Caudate lobe
◾Quadrate lobe
◾Fissure for ligamentum teres
◾Fissure for ligamentum venosum

11

In Step 5, you are directed to identify (locate) the ilioinguinal nerve where it emerges from the __________ .

  superficial inguinal ring 

13

•The duodenum (3 rd part) is positioned directly ____ to the pancreas (head) and passes _____to both the inferior vena cava and the abdominal aorta. 

inferior, anterior 

14

•The gastroduodenal artery passes _____to the duodenum (1 st part) and ______to the pancreas. 

posterior , anterior 

16

•The hepatic artery proper passes _____ to the epiploic foramen. 

anterior

16

•The right renal artery passes directly _______to the inferior vena cava. 

posterior 

18

•The right ureter passes ______to the psoas muscle. 

anterior 

19

The __________ , __________  and __________ arteries are the primary blood supply of the abdominal viscera.

  celiac; superior mesenteric; inferior mesenteric 

20

In Step 18, you are instructed to identify (locate) the celiac ganglion and sympathetic trunk. In the VH Dissector link (cross-section), the lumbar sympathetic trunk is positioned adjacent to the __________ muscle.

  psoas major 

21

•The gall bladder is positioned ______to the quadrate lobe of the liver. 

lateral 

22

In Step 18, you are instructed to identify (locate) the left suprarenal vein where it drains into the __________ .

  left renal vein 

24

•The hepatic portal vein passes ______to the epiploic foramen, and in the lesser omentum (hepatoduodenal ligament), it is typically positioned _____to the bile duct and the hepatic artery proper. 

anterior , posterior 

25

•The right testicular artery passes directly ______to the inferior vena cava, the right ureter, and the psoas muscle. 

anterior 

26

In Step 19, you are instructed to identify (locate) the medial and lateral arcuate ligaments. The left lateral arcuate ligament arches over (passes anterior) to the __________ .

  left quadratus lumborum 

27

In Step 13, you are directed to identify (locate) the __________ artery where this artery passes posterior to the 1st part of the duodenum before splitting into its two terminal branches.

gastroduodenal