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Flashcards in Accounting Changes Deck (11):
1

How are changes in accounting principle applied?

Retrospective Application:
Prior Periods adjusted
Retained Earnings adjusted
Completed Contract to % Completion
Ex: LIFO to FIFO

2

Would a change from Completed Contract to Percentage of Completion be a change in accounting principle- or a change of estimate?How would it be applied?

A change of principle.
Applied retrospectively (Cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings).

3

Would a change from LIFO to FIFO be a change in accounting principle or a change of estimate? How would this change be applied?

A change in accounting principle.Applied retrospectively (Cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings).

4

How is a change in accounting estimate applied?

A change in accounting estimate is applied prospectively (going forward).

No backwards adjustment is made.

5

Would a change from straight line depreciation to double declining balance be a change in accounting principle or a change in estimate?

How would this change be applied?

Change in depreciation method would be a change in accounting estimate.

It is applied prospectively.

6

How is a correction of an accounting error made?

Cumulative effect of error gets adjusted to the beginning balances of assets and liabilities in the earliest period presented in the comparative statements.

The correction of the error must be included in the footnotes.

7

What are the requirements for a prior period adjustment?

Effect is Material

Is identifiable in Prior Period

Couldn't be estimated in Prior Periods

8

How is a change from a non-GAAP accounting method to a GAAP method recorded?

It is treated as a correction of an accounting error.
Cumulative effect of error gets adjusted to the beginning balances of assets and liabilities in the earliest period presented in the comparative statements (Prior period adjustment)
Correction of the error must be included in the footnotes

9

How does an inventory error effect the financial statements?

Effect on Ending Inventory : Effect on Net Income
If one is overstated- both overstated. If one is understated- both understated.
Misstating inventory corrects itself after TWO periods.

10

How is a change in entity recorded?

Applied retrospectively.
All prior periods presented for comparative purposes must reflect the change
Footnote disclosures must be made
Changing to Consolidated Statements

11

A change from cost or fair value method accounting for an investment to equity method is a ___________ change in accounting. A change from equity method to cost or fair value method is accounted for __________.

Retrospective; prospectively