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Flashcards in Acronyms Deck (89)
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1

APFO

Adequate Public Facilities Ordinance
Also called concurrency regulations
Used to synchronize development with the availability of public facilities needed to support that development
Ordinance typically establishes standards for public facilities such as roads, transit, pedestrian, bike, schools, water, sewage, fire and police

2

BID

Business improvement district

3

BMP

Best management practice

4

BOD

Biochemical oxygen demand
Measure of how much dissolved oxygen is being consumed as microbes break down organic matter
A high BOD can indicate that levels of dissolved oxygen are falling, with dangerous implications for water body's biodiversity

5

CAFE

Corporate average fuel economy for light trucks and passenger cars
Part of the Energy Policy Conservation Act of 1975
Manufacturers can earn credits for exceeding CAFE standards
Credits can be used to offset previous 3 or future 3 years

6

CBD

Central business district

7

CDBG

Community Development Block Grant
From the 1974 Housing and Community Development Act

8

CDP

Census Designated Place
Unincorporated area with population density

9

CEQ

Council on Environmental Quality
Coordinates federal environmental efforts
Works with federal agencies to develop and implement environmental impact assessment process
Established within the executive office as part of the NEPA

10

CERCLA

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
Also known as Superfund
EPA could pursue polluters
Taxed polluting industries to create fund for cleanup where responsibility cannot be designated.
Tax no longer exists
Cleanup requirements for closed and abandoned waste sites
Can be applied retroactively

11

CIP

Capital improvement program

12

CPM

Critical path method
Similar to PERT (Program Evaluation Review Technique)
Shows what tasks must be completed before next task
Used to model project as a network and show which activities are critical and which are not
Used to allocate resources among project's tasks, enabling project to be completed using minimal amount of each resource

13

CPTED

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
Considers relationship between design and safety
Suggests that proper design of built environment can result in reduction or fear of crime
In commercial areas, hopefully lead to increase in business
Principles apply to design of neighborhoods, schools, downtowns, and parks

14

CRA

Community Reinvestment Act of 1977
Outlawed redlining
Banks must do business, lend, and reinvest in poorer areas

15

CSMA

Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area
Qualifying conditions:
1. qualifies as an MSA
2. population of 1,000,000 or more
3. component parts that are recognized as primary MSAs

16

DRI

Development of regional impact
Required in states like Florida and Georgia
Large-scale developments likely to have regional effects beyond local government jurisdiction

17

EA

Environmental Assessment
Must be prepared if action might have environmental impact
Describes proposed action and need it will address, alternative measures considered, and likely environmental impacts of action and alternatives

18

EDA

Economic Development Administration
Created in 1965
Successor to Area Redevelopment Administration created by Congress in 1961
Used regional poverty and unemployment stats to determine counties eligible for funding
Provides support for local economic development through grants used for site acquisition, grading, and provision of utilities
Prepared sites are then sold or leased to firms at or below cost
Projects include community industrial parks and business incubators

19

EIS

Environmental impact statement
Required for every federal or federally-funded state or local action that has potential to significantly harm environment
Big Questions
1. environment impact?
2. adverse environmental effects that cannot be avoided?
3. alternatives to proposed action?
4. relationship between short-term uses and long-term impacts
5. identify reversible commitment of resources

20

EPA

EPA
Enforce environmental laws, such as the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act
Oversight of generation, treatment, storage, transport, and disposal of hazardous waste

21

ETJ

Extraterritorial Jurisdiction
Authority granted by states to municipalities to impose zoning and subdivision regulations beyond its boundaries
Purpose is to ensure that development beyond boundaries is compatible with development permitted by municipality

22

FAR

Floor Area Ratio
Ratio of permitted floor area of a building in relation to lot size
Equation = square footage of building/square footage of lot
Some ordinances may allow increases in FAR referred to density bonuses in exchange for providing amenities such as recreational facilities or open space

23

FEMA

Created and implemented flood insurance rate maps for land with a 1 percent chance of flooding in any given year
Administers the National Flood Insurance Program

24

FHA

Federal Housing Administration
Created by 1934 National Housing Act
Insures private mortgages
Encourage banks and building and loan associations to make loans for homes and small business establishments
Before underwriting mortgage insurance, certain land-use guidelines had to be met, resulting in separating land uses and creating subdivision codes favoring detached over attached housing, and favoring lower-density housing over higher-density housing

25

FIFRA

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act of 1996
Provided federal control of pesticide distribution, sale, and use
Required pesticide users to register with the EPA
FIFRA amendments required all users of pesticides to pass a certification exam in order to apply pesticides

26

FSLIC

Federal Savings Loan Insurance Corporation
Part of the 1934 National Housing Act
Insures savings deposits

27

GINI COEFFICIENT

Measure of dispersion
Often used to describe income inequality
If everyone in a population has the same income, the coefficient equals zero

28

HAP - Pollution

Hazardous Air Pollution
An air pollutant for which National Ambient Air Quality Standards do not exist and which can pose a serious health risk

29

HHFA

Housing and Home Finance Agency - 1947
Predecessor to HUD
All federal housing programs were under this agency
Administered urban renewal programs until the creation of HUD

30

HOLC

Home Owners Loan Corporation
Created in 1932 as part of the Federal Home Loan Bank system
Created to refinance mortgages of economically distressed homeowners and assist struggling home finance institutions
Used redlining to prohibit granting mortgages in specific regions; which later became illegal
Program expired in 1954