Acronyms & Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Acronyms & Abbreviations Deck (600):
1

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

2

AAL

anterior auxiliary line

3

AB

abortion

4

Ab

antibody

5

ABC

airway, breathing, circulation

6

Abd

abdomen; abdominal

7

ABG

arterial blood gas

8

abn

abnormal

9

ABx

antibiotics

10

ac

ante cibim (before meals), antecubital, acromioclavicular

11

ACC

ambulatory care center

12

ACLS

Advanced Cardiac Life Support

13

ACT

anticoagulant therapy

14

AD

Alzheimer Disease

15

ADD

Attention Deficit Disorder

16

ADHD

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity

17

ADL

activity of daily living

18

Adm

admission

19

ADR

adverse drug reaction

20

AED

automatic external defibrillator

21

AF

atrial fibrillation

22

Afib

atrial fibrillation

23

AGE

acute gastroenteritis

24

AICD

Automated Implanted Cardioverter-Defibrillator

25

AIDS

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrom

26

AKA

above knee amputation

27

A/L

amylase/lipase

28

alb

albumin

29

ALF

assisted living facility

30

ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

31

alk phos

alkaline phosphate

32

AMA

against medical advice

33

amb

ambulatory, ambulate

34

AMI

acute myocardial infarction

35

A/P

assessment/plan, abdome/pelvis

36

AP

anteroposterior

37

APP

appendectomy

38

A&O x3

alert and oriented to person, place and time

39

A&O x4

alert and oriented to persona, place, time and event

40

ARF

acute renal failure

41

AROM

active range of motion

42

ASA

aspirin

43

ASD

atrial septal defect, autistic spectrum disorder

44

AVR

aortic valve replacement

45

BAL

blood alcohol level

46

BCP

birth control pills

47

BE

barium enema

48

B-hCG

beta human chorionic gonadotropin

49

BIBA

brought in by ambulance

50

BID

bis in die (twice a day)

51

BiPAP

Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure

52

BKA

below knee amputation

53

BLE

bilateral lower extremities

54

BLS

basic life support

55

bm

bowel movement

56

BOM

bilateral otitis media

57

BP

blood pressure

58

BPH

benign prostatic hypertrophy

59

BRAT

bananas, rice, apples, toast (diet)

60

BRBPR

bright red blood per rectum

61

BS

blood sugar; bowel sounds, breath sounds

62

BSA

body surface area

63

BSO

bilateral salpingo oophorectomy

64

BTL

bilateral tubal ligation

65

BUE

bilateral upper extremities

66

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

67

BV

bacterial vaginosis

68

BVM

bag-valve-mask

69

bx

biopsy

70

c (with a line over it)

with (think latin, "cum")

71

centigrade

72

C&S

culture & sensitivity

73

C/C/E

clubbing/cyanosis/edema

74

C/D/I

clean/dry/intact

75

↑CHOL

hypercholesterolemia

76

c/o

complains of

77

C/S

Caesarian section

78

c/w

consistent with

79

C1, C2...C7

cervical vertebrae

80

CA

cancer

81

Ca

calcium

82

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

83

CAD

coronary artery disease

84

CAP

community acquired pneumonia

85

CBC

complete blood count

86

CBD

common bile duct

87

cc

cubic centimeter

88

CC

chief complaint

89

C-collar

cervical collar

90

CCU

coronary/cardiac care unit

91

CEA

carotid endarterectomy

92

CF

cystic fibrosis

93

CHB

complete heart block

94

CHD

congenital heart disease

95

CHF

congestive heart failure

96

CHOL

cholesterol

97

CMT

cervical motion tenderness

98

CNS

central nervous system

99

CN's

cranial nerves

100

CO

carbon monoxide

101

CO2

carbon dioxide

102

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

103

CP

chest pain, cerebral palsy

104

CPAP

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

105

CPK

creatine phosphokinase

106

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

107

creat

creatinine

108

CRF

chronic renal failure

109

CRI

chronic renal insufficiency

110

CRP

C-reactive protein

111

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

112

C-spine

cervical spine

113

ct

cardiothoracic

114

CT

Computerized Tomography

115

CTA

clear to auscultation, CT angio

116

CTAB

clear to auscultation bilaterally

117

CV

cardiovascular

118

CVA

cerebrovascular accident, costovertebral angle

119

CVAT

costovertebral angle tenderness

120

CVD

cardiovascular disease

121

CXR

chest x-ray

122

D

diarrhea

123

D&C

dilatation & curettage (of the uterine lining)

124

D&E

dilatation and extraction

125

D/C

discharge (home)

126

d/c

discharge (pus/fluid)

127

dc

discontinue

128

def

deficiency

129

DIC

disseminated intravascular coagulation

130

Dig

Digitalis (cardiac medication for Afib)

131

DIP

distal interphalangeal (joint)

132

DJD

degenerative joint disease

133

DKA

diabetic ketoacidosis

134

DM

diabetes mellitus

135

DMM

dry mucous membranes

136

DNR

do not resuscitate

137

DOA

dead on arrival

138

DOB

date of birth

139

DOE

dyspnea on exertion

140

DP

dorsalis pedis (pulse in foot)

141

DPT

diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus (immunization)

142

DRE

digital rectal exam

143

DRG

diagnosis related group

144

DSD

dry sterile dressing

145

DTR

deep tendon reflexes

146

DT's

delirium tremens

147

DUB

dysfunctional uterine bleeding

148

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

149

Dx

diagnosis

150

e/o

evidence of

151

EBV

Epstein-Barr virus

152

ECF

extended care facility

153

ECHO

echocardiogram

154

ECMO

extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

155

ECT

electroconvulsive therapy

156

ED

Emergency Department

157

EDC

expected date of confinement

158

EEG

electroencephalogram

159

EENT

eye, ear, nose, and throat

160

EF

ejection fraction

161

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

162

EIA

exercise induced asthma

163

EKG

electrocardiogram (same as ECG)

164

EMS

Emergency Medical Services

165

EMT

Emergency Medical Technician

166

EMTALA

Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act

167

ENT

ear, nose, and throat

168

EOMI

extraocular movements intact

169

Epi

epinephrine

170

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

171

ESLD

end-stage liver disease

172

ESLF

end-stage liver failure

173

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

174

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

175

ESRF

end-stage renal failure

176

EtOH

alcohol (ethanol)

177

ETT

endotracheal tube

178

ext

external

179

F

female

180

f

fever

181

f/c

fever/chills

182

FDA

Food & Drug Administration

183

F/U

follow up

184

Fahrenheit

185

FB

foreign body

186

Fe

iron

187

FBS

fasting blood sugar

188

FEV

forced expiratory volume

189

FFP

fresh frozen plasma

190

FHx

Family history

191

FHR

fetal heart rate

192

FHT

fetal heart tone

193

FiO2

fraction of inspired oxygen

194

FMHx

family medical history

195

FOOSH

fall on outstretched hands

196

FROM

full range of motion

197

FSBS

finger stick blood sugar

198

FSH

follicle stimulating hormone

199

FTP

full term pregnancy

200

FTSG

full thickness skin graft

201

FTT

failure to thrive

202

FUO

fever of unknown origin

203

Fx

fracture

204

G, P, M, A

gravida, para, miscarriages, abortions

205

GA

general anesthesia

206

GB

gall bladder

207

GBS

group B streptococcus

208

GCS

glasgow coma scale

209

GE

gastroesophageal

210

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

211

GI

gastrointestinal

212

GLF

ground level fall

213

g, gm

gram

214

GU

genitourinary

215

GVHD

graft-versus-host-disease

216

GYN

gynecology

217

h.s.

at bedtime (hora somni)

218

H&H

hemoglobin and hematocrit

219

H&P

history and physical

220

h/o

history of

221

HA

headache

222

HBV

hepatitis B virus

223

HCO3

bicarbonate

224

HCTZ

hydrochlorothiazide

225

HCV

hepatitis C virus

226

HD

hemodialysis

227

HEENT

head, eyes, ears, nose and throat

228

HGB

hemoglobin

229

HI

homicidal ideation

230

HIDA

hepatic intraductal angiography

231

HIPAA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

232

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

233

HOH

hard of hearing

234

HPI

history of presenting illness

235

HPV

human papillomavirus

236

HR

heart rate

237

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

238

HSP

Henoch-Schonlein Purpura

239

HSV-1, HSV-2

herpes simple virus type 1, type 2

240

HTN

hypertension

241

HUS

hemolytic uremic syndrome

242

Hx

history

243

I&D

incision and drainage

244

I&O's

intake and output (measure of patient's fluids)

245

IBS

irritable bowel syndrome

246

ICA

Intermediate Care Area (Step-down)

247

ICD

implantable cardiac defibrillator

248

ICF

Intermediate Care Facility

249

ICH

intracerebral/inracranial hemorrhage

250

ICP

intracranial pressure

251

ICS

intercostal space

252

ICU

Intensive Care Unit

253

ID

infectious disease or intradermal

254

IDDM

insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

255

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM

immunoglobulins (antibodies)

256

im

intramuscular

257

Imp

impression

258

imp

improvement

259

inr

International Normalized Ratio (Coagulation Lab Value)

260

IO

intraosseous

261

IPPA

inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation

262

ITP

ideopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

263

IUD

intrauterine device

264

IUP

intrauterine pregnancy

265

IV

intravenous

266

IVC

inferior vena cava

267

IVCD

intraventricular conduction delay

268

IVF

in vitro fertilization

269

IVH

intraventricular hemorrhage

270

IVIG

intravenous immunoglobulin

271

IVP

intravenous pyelogram; intravenous push (medication administration)

272

IVPB

intravenous piggyback

273

JVD

jugular venous distention

274

JVP

jugular venous pulse

275

K

potassium

276

KCl

potassium chloride

277

kg

kilogram

278

KUB

kidney, ureter, and bladder (abdominal x-ray)

279

KVO

keep vein open (e.g. IV NS at KVO)

280

L

liter

281

L (circled)

Left

282

L&D

labor and delivery

283

L1, L2,...L5

lumbar vertebrae

284

LAC

laceration

285

LAD

left axis deviation (EKG finding), lymphadenopathy

286

lap

laparatomy

287

lat

lateral

288

LBBB

left bundle branch block (EKG finding)

289

LBM

last bowel movement

290

LBP

low back pain

291

LDH

lactic dehydrogenase

292

LE

lower extremity, lupus erythematosus

293

LET

lidocaine, epinephrine, and tetracaine

294

LFT's

liver function tests

295

LGIB

lower gastrointestinal bleed

296

LHD

left hand dominant

297

LLE

left lower extremity

298

LLL

left lower lobe (lung)

299

LLQ

left lower quadrant (abdomen)

300

LMP

last menstrual period

301

LNBM

last normal bowel movement

302

LNMP

last normal menstrual period

303

LOC

loss of consciousness

304

LOM

left otitis media

305

LP

lumbar puncture

306

Lpm

liters per minute

307

LS-Spine

lumbar spine

308

LTB

laryngotracheal bronchitis (croup)

309

LUE

left upper extremity

310

LUL

left upper lobe (lung)

311

LUQ

left upper quadrant (abdomen)

312

LVAD

left ventricular assist device

313

LVH

left ventricular hypertrophy (EKG finding)

314

LWBS

left without being seen

315

LWOT

left without treatment

316

lymph

lymphadenopathy

317

M

male

318

(m)

murmur

319

MAE

moves all extremities

320

MAOI

monamine oxidase inhibitors

321

MCA

motorcycle accident, middle cerebral artery

322

mcg

microgram

323

MCL

midclavicular line

324

MCP

metacarpophalangeal (joint)

325

MDM

medical decision making

326

MDS

myelodysplastic syndrome

327

mec

meconium

328

mets

metastases

329

mEq/L

milliequivalent per liter

330

mg

milligram

331

MI

myocardial infarction

332

MICU

medical (mobile) intensive care unit

333

MIS

minimally invasive surgery (admitting service)

334

mL

milliliter

335

MMM

moist mucous membranes

336

MMR

measles, mumps, rubella (immunization)

337

MOM

milk of magnesia

338

MR

mental retardation

339

mr

mitral regurgitation

340

MRA

magnetic resonance angiography

341

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

342

MS

multiple sclerosis

343

MSL

midsternal line

344

MSW

masters in social work

345

MTD

maximum tolerated dose

346

MTP

metatarsophalangeal (joint)

347

MVA

motor vehicle accident

348

MVC

motor vehicle collision (crash)

349

MVP

mitral valve prolapse

350

N

nausea

351

N/T/W

numbness/tingling/weakness

352

N/V/D

nausea/vomiting/diarrhea

353

Na

sodium

354

NAD

no acute distress, no acute disease

355

NB

newborn

356

NBNB

non-bloody, non-bilious

357

neb

nebulizer

358

neuro

neurology

359

neru sx

neurosurgery

360

NG

nasogastric

361

NGT

nasogastric tube

362

NICU

neonatal intensive care unit

363

NIDDM

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

364

NKA

no known allergies

365

NKDA

no known drug allergies

366

Nl

normal

367

NOS

not otherwise specified

368

NP

nurse practitioner

369

NPO

nothing by mouth

370

NS

normal saline

371

NSD

normal spontaneous delivery

372

NSAID

non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

373

NSFTD

normal spontaneous full term delivery

374

NSR

normal sinus rhythm

375

NSTEMI

non-ST elevation myocardial infarction

376

NVSD

normal spontaneous vaginal delivery

377

NTG

nitroglycerin

378

NTP

nitropaste/nitropatch

379

NV

neurovascular

380

NVD

normal vaginal delivery

381

NVI

neurovascularly intact

382

O&P

ova and parasite

383

O2

oxygen

384

O2 sat

oxygen saturation

385

OA

osteoarthritis

386

OB/GYN

obstetrics/gynecology

387

OBS

organic brain syndrome

388

obs

observation status

389

OCD

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

390

OD

overdose

391

OD

right eye

392

OHT

orthotopic heart transplant

393

OLT

orthotopic liver transplant

394

OM

otitis media

395

OMFS

oral and maxillofacial surgery

396

O-P

oropharynx

397

OR

operating room

398

ORIF

open reduction internal fixation

399

os

mouth or cervical os

400

OS

let eye

401

OSA

obstructive sleep apnea

402

OT

Occupational Therapy

403

OTC

over the counter

404

OTW

otherwise

405

OU

both eyes

406

Oz

ounce

407

p (with a line over it)

after; following

408

P/W

presents with

409

PA

Physician Assistant, posteroanterior (back to front); pulmonary artery

410

PAC

premature atrial contraction (EKG finding)

411

PCU

postanesthesia care unit

412

PAD

pulmonary artery disease

413

palp

palpable; palpation (exam by touch)

414

Pap

papanicolaou (smear test)

415

PAfib

paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

416

pc

post cibum (after meal)

417

PCAPCI

percutaneous coronary intervention

418

PCN

penicillin

419

PCOS

polycystic ovarian syndrome

420

PCP

phencyclidine (angel dust)

421

PCP

Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia

422

PCP

Primary Care Physician

423

PDA

patent ductus arteriosus

424

PE

pulmonary embolus

425

pe:

physical exam

426

PEEP

Positive end Expiratory Pressure

427

PEG

percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy (tube)

428

PERRL

pupils equal, round and reactive to light

429

PERRLA

pupils equal, round and react to light and accomodation

430

PFR

Peak Flow Rate

431

PFT

Pulmonary function test

432

PHCP

primary healthcare provider (=Resident in Medhost)

433

PICC

peripherally inserted central catheter (venous)

434

PICU

pediatric intensive care unit

435

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

436

PIP

proximal interphalangeal joint

437

Plt's

platelets

438

PMD

Primary Medical Doctor

439

PMH

past medical history

440

PMS

premenstrual syndrome

441

PNA

pneumonia

442

PND

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

443

p/o, post-op

postoperative

444

po

by mouth

445

PO2

partial pressure of oxygen

446

PP

postpartum

447

PPD

purified protein derivative (skin test for tuberculosis)

448

PRBC

packed red blood cells

449

prn

as needed (pro re nata)

450

PROM

passive range of motion or premature rupture of membrane

451

PSS

progressive systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)

452

pt

patient

453

PT

Physical Therapy; prothrombin time

454

PTA

prior to arrival/admission

455

pta

peritonsillar abscess

456

PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

457

PTSD

post traumatic stress disorder

458

PTT

partial thromboplastin time

459

PTX

pneumothorax

460

PUD

peptic ulcer disease

461

PVC

premature ventricular contraction (EKG finding)

462

PVD

peripheral vscular disease

463

PXR

pelvis x-ray

464

QD

once a day

465

qh, q.h.

each hour

466

qid, q.i.d.

four times a day

467

qn, q.n.

each night

468

QNS

quantity not sufficient

469

R circled

right

470

R/O

rule out

471

RA

rheumatoid arthritis, room air

472

rad

right axis deviation (EKG finding)

473

RAD

reactive airway disease

474

RBBB

right bundle branch block (EKG finding)

475

RBC

red blood cells

476

RDS

respiratory distress syndrome

477

REM

rapid eye movement

478

Rh +/-

rhesus (blood factor component)

479

RHD

Rheumatic heart disease, right hand dominant

480

RICE

rest, ice, compression, elevation

481

RLE

right lower extremity

482

RLL

right lower lobe (lung)

483

RLQ

right lower quadrant (abdomen)

484

RML

right middle lobe (lung)

485

ROM

range of motion

486

ROS

review of systems

487

RR

respiratory rate

488

RRR

regular rate and rhythm

489

RSD

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy

490

RSI

rapid sequence intubation

491

RSV

Respiratory Synctial Virus

492

RT

respiratory therapy

493

RUE

right upper extremity

494

RUL

right upper lobe (lung)

495

RUQ

right upper quadrant (abdomen)

496

RV

right ventricle (of the heart)

497

rvc

responds to verbal commands

498

RVH

right ventricular hypertrophy

499

Rx

Prescription

500

rxn

reaction (allergic)

501

s (with a line over it)

without

502

s/p

status post

503

S1, S2, S3, S4

heart sounds, sacral vertebra (S1, S2)

504

SAB

spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)

505

S-A node

sinoatrial node (pacemaker of the heart)

506

SaO2

oxygen saturation (of hemoglobin)

507

SAD

seasonal affective disorder

508

SARS

severe acute respiratory syndrome

509

SB

sinus bradycardia

510

SBO

small bowel obstruction

511

SBP

systolic blood pressure

512

SCC

sickle cell crisis

513

SCD

sickle cell disease

514

SCT

sickle cell trait

515

SFA

superficial femoral artery

516

SHx

social history

517

SI

suicidal ideation

518

SICU

surgical intensive care unit

519

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

520

SL

sublingual

521

SLE

systemic lupus erythematous

522

SLR

straight leg raise

523

SNF

skilled nursing facility

524

SOAP

subjective, objective, assessment & plan

525

SOB

shortness of breath/dysnea

526

SQ

subcutaneous or squamous

527

SSCP

substernal chest pain

528

SSRI

selective srotonin reuptake inhibitor

529

SSS

sick sinus syndrome

530

STAT

statim (at once; immediately)

531

STD

sexually transmitted disease

532

STEMI

ST elevation myocardial infarction

533

SVC

superior vena cava

534

SVT

supraventricular tachycardia

535

Sx

symptom

536

SX

surgery

537

Sz

seizure

538

T&A

onsillectomy and adenoidectomy

539

T3, T4

thyroid hormones

540

TAH

total abdominal hysterectomy

541

TB

tuberculosis

542

TBI

traumatic brain injury

543

TCA

tricyclic antidepressant

544

Td

tetanus diphtheria toxoid

545

Tdap

tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (immunization)

546

TFT

thyroid function test

547

THR

total hip replacement

548

TIA

transient ischemic attack

549

TID

three times per day

550

TKR

total knee repalcement

551

TLC

triple lumen catheter

552

TM

tympanic membrane

553

TMJ

temporomandibular joint

554

TOA

tubo-ovarian abscess

555

top

topically

556

TPA

tissue plasminogen activator

557

TPN

total parenteral nutrition

558

TSH

thyroid stimulating hormone

559

TTN

transient tachypnea of newborn

560

TURP

transurethral resection of prostate

561

TV

tidal volume

562

Tx

treatment

563

TX

transplant

564

TXFR

transfer

565

U/O

urine output

566

U/S

ultrasound

567

UA

urinalysis

568

UE

upper extremity

569

UGI

upper gastrointestinal

570

UGIB

uppergastrointestinal bleed

571

umb

umbilical

572

URI

upper respiratory infection

573

UTD

up to date

574

UTI

urinary tract infection

575

Utz

ultrasound

576

V

vomiting

577

VA

visual acuity

578

vacc

vaccinations

579

VBG

venous blood gas

580

VCUG

voiding cystourethrogram

581

VF/VFIB

ventricular fibrillation

582

VQ scan

Ventilation/Perfusion Nuclear Scan (lungs)

583

vs.

versus

584

VS

vital signs

585

VSD

ventricular septal defect

586

VSS

vital signs stable

587

VT/VTACH

ventricular tachycardia

588

w/

with

589

W/C

wheelchair

590

w/o

without

591

w/u

work-up, woke up

592

WBC

white blood count

593

WDWN

well developed, well nourished

594

WNL

within normal limits

595

WPW

Wolfe Parkinson White Syndrome

596

Wt./Wgt.

weight

597

XR

X-ray

598

y/o

years old

599

Z-pack

azithromycin (zithromax) antibiotic regimen

600

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