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Flashcards in Acute stroke Deck (20):
1

MOA of tPA

converts plasminogen to plasmin

2

What treatments are available for acute stroke?

ONLY tPA

3

Dose of tPA?

.9 mg/kg up to a max of 90 mg. 10% bolus and 90% over 1 hour

4

A patient's BP must be under what to give tPA?

185/110

5

A patients blood pressure must be maintained less than ___ after administering tPA.

180/105

6

What is the most important side effect of tPA?

bleeding

7

If you do not treat tPA, when do we need to treat elevated BP?

220/120 (if you lower patient's bp, you may lower perfusion to the brain and enlarge ischemic size.)

8

What is the second most important side effect of tPA, and how do you treat it?

Angioedema, methylprednisolone and benedryl

9

Which agent is most preferred for the treatment of elevated bp in acute stroke?

Nicardipine (it is a continuous infusion and you can titrate it) hydralazine and labatelol are also in guidelines.

10

What are the 4 extra criteria to consider when giving tPA in the 3- 4.5 hours

1. Age < 80
2. Severe stroke (NHSS > 25)
3. Taking an oral anticoag regardless of INR
4. History of both diabetes and prior ischemic stroke

11

Inclusion critera for tPA

1. Diagnosis of ischemic stroke causing measurable neurological deficit (MRI shows it a lot faster, CT may take longer to show stroke, but is a faster procedure), 2. Onset of symptoms < 3 hours before beginning treatment, 3. aged > or = 18

12

What is the MOA of clopidogrel?

irreversibly blocks the P2Y12 component of AP rceptors

13

which side effect limits the clinical use of Aggrenox?

Headache

14

What oral anticoags are indicated for the prevention of stroke in nonvalvular afib?

Dabigatran, Edoxaban, Apixaban, Rivaroxaban

15

What are the high intensity statins?

Atorvastatin 40mg, Rosuvastatin 20 mg (40 mg)

16

What does CHADS2 stand for?

CHO, HTN, age > 75, diabetes, stroke (2 points)

17

How long is the life of a platelet?

7-10 days

18

Life of a red blood cell?

120 days

19

What is in Aggrenox?

Aspirin 25 mg and Dipyridamole 200 mg

20

What PPI's have the worst interaction with Plavix?

Omeprazole and esomeprazole (lower effectiveness of Plavix)