ADA Stmt on Physical Activity Flashcards Preview

Endocrine 1 > ADA Stmt on Physical Activity > Flashcards

Flashcards in ADA Stmt on Physical Activity Deck (19):
1

How often should prolonged sitting be interrupted?

30 minutes

2

What sort of exercise should people with Dm participate in

aerobic and resistance training

3

How many minutes a week should people with DM do physical activity

150 min/week

4

Along with exercise, what should people at high risk for DM do to prevent or delay DM

weight loss of 5-7%

5

What should be done to maintain blood glucose when people with T1DM exercise?

- add'l CHO intake
- reduced insulin

6

If bs is 90-150 what needs to be done prior to exercise?

eat CHO

7

If bs is 150-250, what needs to be done prior to exercise

Nothing, put down that pizza and pump that iron girl!

8

If bs is above 250, what needs to be done prior to exercise

Delay exercise. Bs can actually increase if exercise right now

9

When should ketones be tested?

bs > 250

10

Is medical clearance necessary for asymptomatic (cardiac sx) pts before low to moderate intensity exercise is started?

NO

11

What are the exercise recommendations for kids/adolescents with T1DM or T2DM

- 60 min/day or more of mod or vigorous intensity aerobics
- vigorous aerobics, muscle-strengthening, and bone strengthening at least 3 days/week

12

How often should adults with DM do resistance exercises?

2-3 times / week

13

What can be done to prevent exercise-related hypoglycemia

- insulin regimen and CHO intake changes
- short sprints
- perform resistance training before aerobics in the same session
- activity timing

14

How to mitigate the risk of nocturnal hypoglycemia following physical activity?

- reduce basal insulin dose
- lower-intensity aerobic cool down
- avoid exercising with hyperglycemia and elevated blood ketones

15

What should be done with meds other than insulins prior to physical exercise?

- some can increase risks of exercise-related hypoglycemia
- adjust doses as necessary

16

Who should avoid exercising outdoors on hot/humid days to avoid heat-related illness

- older adults with DM
- anyone with autonomic neuropathy
- CV complications
- pulmonary dz

17

How to progress exercise training to min risk of injury?

progressively

18

What is a very important habit for people with peripheral neuropathy?

proper foot care

19

What exercises should be avoided in pt with diabetic retinopathy

- Vigorous aerobic or resistance exercise
- Jumping, jarring, head-down activities
- Breath holding