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What is the ECCAIRS System used for?

Mandatory Occurrence Reporting (MORs)


What form would be used for an Alleged Infringement of Legislation



What Class of Airspace is SVFR permitted in?

Class D (CTR)


What is the SVFR Minima for aircraft other than helicopters

Ground Visibility : Less than 1500m
Cloud Ceiling : Less than 600ft


What is the SVFR Minima for Helicopters

Ground visibility : Less than 800m
Cloud Ceiling : Less than 600ft


Is a full flight plan required for SVFR?



Who is responsible for ensuring that aerodrome inspections are completed?

The Aerodrome Operator


2 reasons to conduct aerodrome inspections?

To ensure that ATC becomes aware of any unserviceabilities or obstructions

To ensure that unserviceabilities and obstructions receive attention.


When should inspections be made?


- H24 Unit : After First light
- Non H24 unit: Before first aircraft movement
- Before night flying
- At the cessation of work
- When a runway not previously in use is brought into use
- Following an aircraft accident
- Abandoned take-off by a turbine aircraft due to engine malfunction/burst tyres
- During snow and ice conditions
- When considered necessary by ATC/Aerodrome operatator


What are the basic uses of the Aerodrome Traffic Monitor?


- Determine the landing order/spacing
- Assist in applying longitudinal separation on departure
- Ensuring that deps are conforming to the clearance issued
- Provide information on CCT traffic and those carrying out IAPs


What are the advanced uses of the Aerodrome Traffic Monitor?


- Validate and Verify SSR Mode A and C
- Monitor overflights
- Establish separation between departing aircraft
- Pass traffic information
- Missed approach separation
- correcting action when arriving separation is reduced below the minima


What is the aerodrome operator responsible for?

The operation status of the aerodrome in respect of:

- Routine operational limitations
- Unforeseen hazards to aircraft operations with regard to:

1. The closure and re-opening of the aerodrome
2. The withdrawal or return to use of runways, taxiways and lighting aids.
3. Revision of declared distances
4. Surface Markings
5. NOTAM action to promulgate serviceability changes


What are the responsibilities of ATC with regard to restricted operations?

Where an operation occurrence has resulted in an obstruction in the vicinity of the runway, withholding landing and take-off clearances when:

- The obstruction is in the Cleared and Graded area; or

- The location of the obstruction is unknown

If the obstruction is outside of the Cleared and graded area, ATC should advise the pilot.


What services shall Aerodrome Control provide?


- Basic Service

- Alerting Service

- Aerodrome Control Service


What are the responsibilities of Aerodrome Control?

Issue clearances and information to achieve a Safe, Orderly and Expeditious flow of air traffic.

With the object of Preventing collisions between:

- Aircraft flying in and in the vicinity of the ATZ
- Aircraft taking off and landing
- Aircraft and vehicles, obstructions and other aircraft on the manoeuvring area.

Assist in preventing collisions between aircraft on the apron/s


Specific Responsibilities of the aerodrome controller?


1. Notifying emergency services as per the local instructions
2. Informing aircraft of any depletion in RFFS cover
3. Providing approach control services when delegated by approach control.
4. Supplying information to approach control such as:
-Pertinent IFR, SVFR VFR deps
- Essential aerodrome info
5. Inform the aerodrome operator when there is a deterioration in aerodrome serviceability
6. Overdue action where there is no approach control unit


ADC co-ordination to APC

1. Departing IFR aircraft
2. Arriving aircraft, making their first call on the tower frequency


APC Co-ordination to ADC

1. Aircraft approaching to land
2. Arriving aircraft who have been cleared to VRPs
3. Aircraft routing through the CCT


When is transfer of control effected?


VMC : Prior to the aircraft leaving the vicinity of the aerodrome or prior to the aircraft entering IMC

IMC : Immediately after the aircraft is airborne


What are the 11 items of Essential Aerodrome information?

1. Construction work on the manoeuvring area
2. Rough portions on the manoeuvring area
3. Failure of the Aerodrome lighting system
4. Failure of the approach aids
5. Aircraft parked close to the runway or performing ground runs
6. Depth of snow layers
7. Information on ice/snow clearance
8. Braking action
9. Bird Formations
10. Water on runway
11. Arrestor gear information


What is a runway incursion?

The incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle or person on the protected area of a surface designated for aircraft taking-off and landing


What are the uses of the surface movement radar?

1. To monitor movements on the manoeuvring area
2. To provide advice on safe movement, including:
a. Departing aircraft lined up on the same runway
b. Determining that a runway is clear of traffic
c. Determining when aircraft have started the take-
off run
d. Monitor positions of aircraft
e. Monitor and assist emergency services vehicles


How do you identify an aircraft on the SMR?

1. Visual observation and correlation
2. Other ATS Surveillance system and correlation
3. Compliance with an ATC instruction and correlation
4. Position report from A/C or Vehicle and correlation
5. Aircraft actual position and correlation


What 5 pieces of information should be provided to aircraft taxiing?

1. Runway in use
2. Surface wind
3. QNH
4. OAT
5. Significant MET conditions


When may multiple line-ups occur?


1. During Daylight hours
2. All A/C continuously visible to AD controller
3. All aircraft are on the same RTF frequency
4. The pilot is advised of:
a. Number in the departure sequence
b. From which point the other aircraft is dep. from
5. Physical characteristics of the runway do not preclude the succeeding aircraft from seeing the preceding


What are the 2 conditions that must be fulfilled prior to an aircraft departing?

1. Aircraft must have its ATC route clearance
2. A release must be obtained from approach control


When may the land after procedure be used?

1. The runway must be long enough for safe separation.
2. During daylight hours
3. No backtrack for the preceding aircraft
4. Following aircraft has the preceding in sight
5. Following aircraft is warned


When should noised abatement NOT be a factor when deciding runway in use?

1. If the noise preferential runway is not equipped with Glide path guidance
2. If the surface condition is adversely affected
3. When the visibility is less than 1900m
4. When windshear has been reported or forecast
5. Thunderstorms are likely to affect the departure or approach areas
6. Crosswind component including gusts: >15kts
7. Tailwind component including gusts: >5kts
8. When the ceiling is lower than 500ft
9. If the approach requires greater minima than 300ft:
a. The ceiling is lower than 800ft AAL
b. The visibility is less than 3000m


When must the aerodrome operator be advised of the release of racing pigeons?

At least 14 days prior, if the release is within 13km of a licenced aerodrome.

ATC should be further notified 30 minutes prior to release.


What airspace classification does CAS-T assume?

Class D