Flashcards in Adolescence Deck (38):
What are the 4 main categories of youth
What period of age is 'adolescence?'
At what ages does puberty occur for Males?
At what age does puberty occur for Females?
Issues for non-normative puberty in males?
EARLY - Academic, emotional and behavioural probs
LATE - Self esteem issues
Positives for non-normative puberty in males?
EALRY - Opportunities for leadership and higher social status
LATE - positive qualites, less pressure to engage in risk
Issues for non-norm pub in females
EARLY - Neg short and long term, premature dating and sexual encounters, vulnerable to STI's, eating disorders, depression, poor academic
LATE - lower peer status
What is Piaget's cognitive stance?
Formal operational thought - logical, abstract thought = propositional thinking
Hypothetico-deductive reasoning - systematic, scientific approach
What did Piaget assume to have developed in adols
Horizontal decalage - parallel thought capabilities
What do the component processing theories argue?
Dev in cognition leads to:
- Greater knowledge
- Improved skills
- Improved memory (short, working and long term)
- Improved attention and meta-cognition
What do King and Kitcher (1994) theorise about crit, thinking
- Reflection, creativity
- Understanding own knowledge
- Values, beliefs
What are the 3 stages of Kohlbergs Moral Dev?
What did the preconventional stage involve?
External rewards and punishments
What did the conventional stage involve?
Trying to please people
What did the post-conventional stage involve?
Guided by moral code
What does Kohberg's theroy measure?
Moral dev of young boys
What did Gilligan's theory measure?
Moral dev of girls
What are the 3 stages of Gilligan's Theory
1. Survival orientation
2. Conventional care
3. Integrated care
What are the features of survival orientation?
Egocentric concern for self, lack of awareness of others needs, right action - self-survival
What are the features of conventional care?
Whatever please others is best or 'right' action
What are the features of integrated care?
Integration of what is right for self and others
What does Erikson's 5th stage involve?
Identity VS Role confusion
What are the 4 areas of Marcia's identity status model?
Achievement, Foreclosure, Moratorium, Diffusion
What is present/lacking in Identity Achievement
Present - Crisis and Commitment
What is present/lacking in Identity Foreclosure
Present - Commitment
Absent - Crisis
What is present/lacking in Identity Moratorium
Present - Crisis
Absent - Commitment
What is present/lacking in Identity Diffusion
Absent - Commitment and Crisis
What does Identity Achievement involve?
Personal critical analysis
Identity reached with exploration
What does Identity Foreclosure involve?
Identity with no reflection
What does Identity Moratorium involve?
Exploration of roles and options - no decision made yet
What does Identity Diffusion involve?
Free spirit, party goer - no reflection or commitment
What are some factors affecting identity dev?
Psych moratorium, personality/health facotrs, peer group attachments, imaginary audience, culture
What is self-concept?
Comparisons with others and self - constant interactions
What is self-esteem?
Associated with transitions, stresses, school
What 2 types of adols did Dunphy ('63) determine?
Clique & Crowd
What does a Clique involve?
What does a crowd involve?
Based on representation - parties, sports