Adolescence Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > Adolescence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adolescence Deck (38):
1

What are the 4 main categories of youth

Ideal
Parasite
Threat
Victim

2

What period of age is 'adolescence?'

12-20yrs

3

At what ages does puberty occur for Males?

10-14yrs

4

At what age does puberty occur for Females?

9-17yrs

5

Issues for non-normative puberty in males?

EARLY - Academic, emotional and behavioural probs
LATE - Self esteem issues

6

Positives for non-normative puberty in males?

EALRY - Opportunities for leadership and higher social status
LATE - positive qualites, less pressure to engage in risk

7

Issues for non-norm pub in females

EARLY - Neg short and long term, premature dating and sexual encounters, vulnerable to STI's, eating disorders, depression, poor academic
LATE - lower peer status

8

What is Piaget's cognitive stance?

Formal operational thought - logical, abstract thought = propositional thinking
Hypothetico-deductive reasoning - systematic, scientific approach

9

What did Piaget assume to have developed in adols

Horizontal decalage - parallel thought capabilities

10

What do the component processing theories argue?

Dev in cognition leads to:
- Greater knowledge
- Improved skills
- Improved memory (short, working and long term)
- Improved attention and meta-cognition

11

What do King and Kitcher (1994) theorise about crit, thinking

- Reflection, creativity
- Understanding own knowledge
- Values, beliefs

12

What are the 3 stages of Kohlbergs Moral Dev?

1. Preconventional
2. Conventional
3. Post-conventional

13

What did the preconventional stage involve?

External rewards and punishments

14

What did the conventional stage involve?

Trying to please people

15

What did the post-conventional stage involve?

Guided by moral code

16

What does Kohberg's theroy measure?

Moral dev of young boys

17

What did Gilligan's theory measure?

Moral dev of girls

18

What are the 3 stages of Gilligan's Theory

1. Survival orientation
2. Conventional care
3. Integrated care

19

What are the features of survival orientation?

Egocentric concern for self, lack of awareness of others needs, right action - self-survival

20

What are the features of conventional care?

Whatever please others is best or 'right' action

21

What are the features of integrated care?

Integration of what is right for self and others

22

What does Erikson's 5th stage involve?

Identity VS Role confusion

23

What are the 4 areas of Marcia's identity status model?

Identity:
Achievement, Foreclosure, Moratorium, Diffusion

24

What is present/lacking in Identity Achievement

Present - Crisis and Commitment

25

What is present/lacking in Identity Foreclosure

Present - Commitment
Absent - Crisis

26

What is present/lacking in Identity Moratorium

Present - Crisis
Absent - Commitment

27

What is present/lacking in Identity Diffusion

Absent - Commitment and Crisis

28

What does Identity Achievement involve?

Personal critical analysis
Identity reached with exploration

29

What does Identity Foreclosure involve?

Identity with no reflection

30

What does Identity Moratorium involve?

Exploration of roles and options - no decision made yet

31

What does Identity Diffusion involve?

Free spirit, party goer - no reflection or commitment

32

What are some factors affecting identity dev?

Psych moratorium, personality/health facotrs, peer group attachments, imaginary audience, culture

33

What is self-concept?

Comparisons with others and self - constant interactions

34

What is self-esteem?

Inner-self evaluation
Associated with transitions, stresses, school

35

What 2 types of adols did Dunphy ('63) determine?

Clique & Crowd

36

What does a Clique involve?

3-9 members
Inflexible boundaries
Close relationships
Security, norms

37

What does a crowd involve?

20 members
Group identity
Based on representation - parties, sports

38

Influences of pos adol?

Child-rearing practices
Peers
School characteristics (teacher rels, friendships, curriculum)
Employment
Hobbies