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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 1 Deck (200):
1

Define:

temerity
(tuh-mer-i-tee)

n. reckless confidence

The temerity of the pirate crew cost them their ship.

2

Define:

depredate
(dep-rih-deyt)

v. to plunder, pillage, destroy
v. to exploit

The Vikings depredated the whole valley.

3

Define:

genuflect
(djen-yoo-flekt)

v. to bend knee to ground (as in worship)
v. to grovel

The king's subjects genuflected when he entered the room.

4

Define:

wend
(wend)

v. to go, proceed, walk

We wended our way through the market.

5

Define:

pelagic
(puh-ladj-ik)

adj. relating to open seas rather than waters adjacent to land

The pelagic organism was only found in the deepest part of the ocean.

6

Define:

froward
(froh-werd)

adj. intractable, stubbornly disobedient, difficult to manage

The froward mule sat down and refused to move all afternoon.

7

Define:

punctilious
(puhngk-til-ee-uhs)

adj. precise, paying attention to trivialities of etiquette

A secretary who punctiliously records every detail.

8

Define:

aphorism
(af-uh-riz-uhm)

n. a tersely phrased truth or opinion; adage; epigram
n. a brief statement of principle; or general truth

The children had finally learned the meaning of the aphorism "You can't have your cake and eat it too".

9

Define:

purloin
(per-loin, per-loin)

v. to steal

The manipulative thief purloined the diamonds after gaining the confidence of their location.

10

Define:

esoteric
(es-uh-ter-ik)

adj. intended for or understood only by a particular group
adj. not publicly disclosed; confidential

The esoteric ideas of the cult failed to enlighten many outsiders.

11

Define:

succor
(suhk-er)

n. relief during a time of struggle

The Red Cross provides succor to refugees in emergency shelters.

12

Define:

protean
(proh-tee-uhn)

adj. readily assuming different forms or characters, versatile

Fans regarded the protean actress as capable of playing any role.

13

Define:

callous
(kal-uhs)

adj. insensitive; having no feeling

The callous remark upset the entire family.

14

Define:

proscribe
(proh-skrahyb)

v. to prohibit or forbid as harmful or unlawful

Citizens pushed to proscribe swimming in the polluted lake.

15

Define:

denouement
(dey-noo-mahn)

n. an outcome or solution to a complex series of events

Though public interest slackened after the arsonist was caught, the denouement of the case was just as interesting as the manhunt that had preceded it.

16

Define:

supercilious
(soo-per-sill-ee-uhs)

adj. arrogant, overbearing; displaying condescending superiority over someone else

His supercilious behavior drove away many of his peers.

17

Define:

parley
(pahr-lee)

n. discussion between enemies, often to prepare terms of surrender

The longtime enemies held a parley to work on peace negotiations.

18

Define:

apoplectic
(ap-uh-plek-tik)

adj. furious; enraged; overcome with anger

When Jim found out he was fired, he apoplectically stormed out of the office.

19

Define:

simper
(sim-per)

v. to say with a coy smile; to smirk

Dave simpered a feeble attempt at an apology.

20

Define:

miscegenation
(mih-sedj-uh-ney-shuhn)

n. the interbreeding of different races
n. any mixture or hybrid

The school cafeteria served an obscure miscegenation of ingredients as meatloaf.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. recklessness

temerity
(tuh-mer-i-tee)

synonyms: arrogance, brashness

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to plunder, pillage, destroy
v. to exploit

depredate
(dep-rih-deyt)

synonyms: despoil, ravish, defile

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to bend knee to ground (as in worship)
v. to grovel

genuflect
(djen-yoo-flekt)

synonyms: kneel, beg

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to go, proceed, walk

wend
(wend)

synonyms: go, journey, travel

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relating to open seas rather than waters adjacent to land

pelagic
(puh-ladj-ik)

synonyms: aquatic, oceanic

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. intractable, stubbornly disobedient, difficult to manage

froward
(froh-werd)

synonyms: antagonistic, conflicting

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. precise, paying attention to trivialities of etiquette

punctilious
(puhngk-til-ee-uhs)

synonyms: meticulous, careful, finicky

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a tersely phrased truth or opinion; adage; epigram
n. a brief statement of principle; or general truth

aphorism
(af-uh-riz-uhm)

synonyms: axiom, precept; principle, truth

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to steal

purloin
(per-loin, per-loin)

synonyms: burglarize, cheat, swindle

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. intended for or understood only by a particular group
adj. not publicly disclosed; confidential

esoteric
(es-uh-ter-ik)

synonyms: obscure, secret, cryptic

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. relief during a time of struggle

succor
(suhk-er)

synonyms: aid, comfort, refuge

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. readily assuming different forms or characters, versatile

protean
(proh-tee-uhn)

synonyms: versatile, adaptable, dexterous

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. insensitive; having no feeling

callous
(kal-uhs)

synonyms: soulless, cruel

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to prohibit or forbid as harmful or unlawful

proscribe
(proh-skrahyb)

synonyms: condemn, banish

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an outcome or solution to a complex series of events

denouement
(dey-noo-mahn)

synonyms: finale, final achievement

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. arrogant, overbearing; displaying condescending superiority over someone else

supercilious
(soo-per-sill-ee-uhs)

synonyms: bossy, condescending

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. discussion between enemies, often to prepare terms of surrender

parley
(pahr-lee)

synonyms: conference, mediation

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. furious; enraged; overcome with anger
adj. relating to a stroke

apoplectic
(ap-uh-plek-tik)

synonyms: angry; wrathful

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to say with a coy smile; to smirk

simper
(sim-per)

synonyms: grin, leer, sneer

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the interbreeding of different races
n. any mixture or hybrid

miscegenation
(mih-sedj-uh-ney-shuhn)

synonyms: interbreeding, mixing races

41

Define:

androgynous
(an-drodj-uh-nuhs)

adj. not distinguishable between male and female

The names Sam is androgynous because it could stand for Samantha or Samual.

42

Define:

covey
(kuhv-ee)

n. a family of partridges
n. a small group

Outside the classroom was a covey of giggling schoolgirls.

43

Define:

supine
(adj. soo-pahyn)

adj. inactive, lying on one's back apathetically
adj. morally slack

The officials exhibited a supine acceptance of corruption.

44

Define:

cozen
(kuhz-uhn)

v. to cheat, beguile, or deceive

The corrupt televangelist cozened money from viewers by lying about charitable intentions.

45

Define:

limpid
(lim-pid)

adj. calm, untroubled, serene
adj. transparent, clear (as of water, air, or crystal)

The family flew a kite down by the limpid blue pond.

46

Define:

refulgent
(rih-fuhl-juhnt)

adj. shining radiantly; brilliant

The refulgent palace seemed out of place amid the poverty of the villages surrounding it.

47

Define:

phlegmatic
(fleg-mat-ik)

adj. hard to excite, calm, sluggish
adj. unemotional, stoic

Pete's phlegmatic response was difficult for his friends to read.

48

Define:

attenuate
(uh-ten-yoo-eyt)

v. to weaken or reduce in force or value
v. to make small or fine

The medicine attenuated the fever's effect.

49

Define:

disingenuous
(diss-in-djen-yoo-uhs)

adj. lacking in sincerity or candor

When the oil prospector's promises were discovered to be disingenuous, he was run out of town.

50

Define:

epistle
(uh-piss-uhl)

n. a written message, usually a formal letter

The epistle was hand-delivered by a confidant in order to avoid interception.

51

Define:

factitious
(fak-tish-uhs)

adj. produced artificially; not natural
adj. fake

The factitious laughter of insincere talk show hosts makes my skin crawl.

52

Define:

pied
(pahyd)

adj. containing patches of two or more colors, usually in blotches

The jester's pied coat was stitched together from scraps of blue and red fabric.

53

Define:

militate
(mill-ih-teyt)

v. to have substantial weight on preventing; to argue for or against; discourage

The volatility of the situation militated against any rash action.

54

Define:

Stygian
(stidj-ee-uhn)

adj. dark, gloomy, dismal
adj. infernal, hellish

The stygian murk of the cave made it difficult to navigate.

55

Define:

gainsay
(geyn-sey)

v. to declare false
v. to deny
v. to contradict or claim exception to

Evidence and witness testimony all gainsaid the defendant's claims.

56

Define:

palliate
(pal-ee-eyt)

v. to make something appear less serious; to mitigate; to alleviate

The student tried to palliate the significance of his plagiarism.

57

Define:

nostrum
(nos-truhm)

n. cure-all, questionable remedy, or a placebo

An ad on television depicted a nostrum that claims to cure hangovers.

58

Define:

obstreperous
(uhb-strep-er-uhs)

adj. unruly, noisy, loudly stubborn

The obstreperous two-year-old cried the entire train ride.

59

Define:

precocious
(prih-koh-shuhs)

adj. unusually quick development or maturation, especially in intelligence

The child's precocious understanding of calculus stunned his teachers.

60

Define:

regale
(rih-geyl)

v. to entertain; to feast

Steve regaled his guests with exciting tales.

61

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hermaphroditic
adj. not distinguishable between male and female

androgynous
(an-drodj-uh-nuhs)

synonyms: cross-sexual, unisexual, trans-sexual

62

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a family of partridges
n. a small group

covey
(kuhv-ee)

synonyms: a small group, a small flock of birds

63

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. inactive, lying on one's back apathetically
adj. morally slack
 

supine
(adj. soo-pahyn)

synonyms: lying down, flat; apathetic, lazy

64

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to cheat, beguile, or deceive

cozen
(kuhz-uhn)

synonyms: hoodwink, swindle, dupe

65

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. calm, untroubled, serene
adj. transparent, clear (as of water, air, or crystal)

limpid
(lim-pid)

synonyms: tranquil, peaceful; glassy, translucent

66

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. shining radiantly; brilliant

refulgent
(rih-fuhl-juhnt)

synonyms: glowing, luminous, gleaming

67

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hard to excite, calm, sluggish
adj. unemotional, stoic

phlegmatic
(fleg-mat-ik)

synonyms: apathetic, dispassionate, lethargic

68

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to weaken or reduce in force or value
v. to make small or fine

attenuate
(uh-ten-yoo-eyt)

synonyms: deflate, cripple, lessen

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lacking in sincerity or candor

disingenuous
(diss-in-djen-yoo-uhs)

synonyms: dishonest, crooked

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a written message, usually a formal letter

epistle
(uh-piss-uhl)

synonyms: card, letter, memo

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. produced artificially; not natural
adj. fake

factitious
(fak-tish-uhs)

synonyms: artificial, false, sham

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. containing patches of two or more colors, usually in blotches

pied
(pahyd)

synonyms: patches of color, uneven coloring

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to have substantial weight or bearing on; to argue for or against

militate
(mill-ih-teyt)

synonyms: weigh, important, influential

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. dark, gloomy, dismal
adj. infernal, hellish

Stygian
(stidj-ee-uhn)

synonyms: inky, sombre

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to declare false
v. to deny
v. to contradict or claim exception to

gainsay
(geyn-sey)

synonyms: deny, disaffirm, disprove

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make something appear less serious; to mitigate; to alleviate

palliate
(pal-ee-eyt)

synonyms: gloss over, condone, lessen

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. cure-all, questionable remedy, or a placebo

nostrum
(nos-truhm)

synonyms: elixir, quick fix, aid

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unruly, noisy, loudly stubborn

obstreperous
(uhb-strep-er-uhs)

synonyms: boisterous, loud, riotous

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unusually quick development or maturation, especially in intelligence

precocious
(prih-koh-shuhs)

synonyms: advanced, developed, quick, intelligent

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to entertain; to feast

regale
(rih-geyl)

synonyms: delight, amuse; treat

81

Define:

ambit
(am-bit)

n. the extent, boundary or scope of something

Though I find her actions reprehensible, she was acting within the ambit of the law and so my hands are tied.

82

Define:

apostate
(uh-poss-teyt)

n. one who abandons a belief, cause, party or religion

The apostate is dealt with very harshly in many religious traditions.

83

Define:

sophistry
(sof-uh-stree)

n. fallacious reasoning; faulty, although plausible, logic

The students were quickly convinced by the professor's sophistry and did not inquire further.

84

Define:

perspicuity
(purr-spih-kyoo-ih-tee)

n. clarity or perceptiveness in speech, thought, or writing

The perspicuity of the writing made a complicated topic easy for all to understand.

85

Define:

enjoin
(en-join)

v. to command or direct an action with authority
v. to prohibit or forbid an action

The captain enjoined his men to respect the local laws while on shore leave.

86

Define:

fulsome
(fool-suhm)

adj. offensively flattering or insincere.
adj. offensive to the taste
adj. generous or abundant

I prefer Sara's sincere criticism to all the fulsome praise I receive from Deb.

87

Define:

imprecation
(im-prih-key-shuhn)

n. a curse

The witch cast an imprecation on the villagers.

88

Define:

extenuate
(ik-sten-yoo-eyt)

v. to lessen the magnitude or seriousness of; to mitigate

The prisoner's illness may extenuate the conditions of his captivity, but it shall not lead me to order his early release.

89

Define:

ineluctable
(in-ih-luhk-tuh-buhl)

adj. certain, inevitable, unavoidable

A hectic lifestyle seems to be the ineluctable product of modernity.

90

Define:

vitiate
(vish-ee-eyt)

v. to reduce the quality of
v. to corrupt

The tear in the painting vitiated its overall appeal and halved its appraisal cost.

91

Define:

turpitude
(tur-pih-tood)

n. depravity, baseness
n. a vile act

Because of stealing, he was dismissed on grounds of moral turpitude.

92

Define:

plaintive
(pleyn-tiv)

adj. mournful, sorrowful, melancholy

The procession was led by the plaintive strains of the bagpipe.

93

Define:

pertinacious
(purt-n-ey-shuhs)

adj. holding tenaciously to a belief
adj. stubbornly unyielding

Her pertinacious devotion to the debunked theory led her to be marginalized in the scientific community.

94

Define:

recreant
(rek-ree-uhnt)

adj. unfaithful, disloyal to belief or principle
adj. cowardly or craven
n. one who is a coward, unfaithful, or disloyal

The recreant knight ran from the battle.

95

Define:

adduce
(uh-doos)

v. to offer as proof in an argument

Seth adduced several recent studies in support of his hypothesis.

96

Define:

traduce
(truh-doos)

v. to slander or speak maliciously of

As a "green energy" campaigner, I distrust politicians who habitually traduce the motivations of environmentalists.

97

Define:

apposite
(app-uh-zit)

adj. relevant, suitable, or fitting

Though clever, Dmitry's pun was not apposite to the solemn occasion.

98

Define:

discursive
(diss-kurr-siv)

adj. rambling aimlessly through a wide range of subjects.

The poor speaker gave a rambling, discursive speech

99

Define:

avocation
(av-uh-key-shuhn)

n. an extracurricular activity; a hobby

My favorite avocation is playing baseball in the summertime.

100

Define:

adumbrate
(uh-duhm-breyt)

v. to foreshadow vaguely
v. to produce a faint outline or resemblance of something

The first volume merely adumbrates the basics of the story to be developed in the next two books.

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. the extent, boundary or scope of something

ambit
(am-bit)

synonyms: compass, extension, range

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one who abandons a belief, cause, party or religion

apostate
(uh-poss-teyt)

synonyms: traitor, defector, unfaithful

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. fallacious reasoning; faulty, although plausible, logic

sophistry
(sof-uh-stree)

synonyms: fallacy, inconsistency

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. clarity or perceptiveness in speech, thought, or writing

perspicuity
(purr-spih-kyoo-ih-tee)

synonyms: comprehensibility, articulateness

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to command or direct an action with authority
v. to prohibit or forbid an action

enjoin
(en-join)

synonyms: order, command; disallow, outlaw

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. offensively flattering or insincere.
adj. offensive to the taste

fulsome
(fool-suhm)

synonyms: overdone, copious, distasteful

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a curse

imprecation
(im-prih-key-shuhn)

synonyms: spell, hex

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to lessen the magnitude or seriousness of; to mitigate

extenuate
(ik-sten-yoo-eyt)

synonyms: mitigate, lessen, lighten

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. certain, inevitable, unavoidable

ineluctable
(in-ih-luhk-tuh-buhl)

synonyms: inescapable, destined

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to reduce the quality of
v. to corrupt

vitiate
(vish-ee-eyt)

synonyms: cheapen, deteriorate; blemish, debase

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. depravity, baseness
n. a vile act

turpitude
(tur-pih-tood)

synonyms: debasement, immorality

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. mournful, sorrowful, melancholy

plaintive
(pleyn-tiv)

synonyms: afflicted, distressing

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. holding tenaciously to a belief
adj. stubbornly unyielding

pertinacious
(purt-n-ey-shuhs)

synonyms: determined, tenacious, stubborn

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unfaithful, disloyal to belief or principle
adj. cowardly or craven
n. one who is a coward, unfaithful, or disloyal

recreant
(rek-ree-uhnt)

synonyms: cowardly, unfaithful, deserter

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to offer as proof in an argument

adduce
(uh-doos)

synonyms: introduce, exhibit

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to slander or speak maliciously of

traduce
(truh-doos)

synonyms: defame, slander

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relevant, suitable, or fitting

apposite
(app-uh-zit)

synonyms: pertinent, timely, appropriate

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rambling aimlessly through a wide range of subjects
adj. drawing conclusions based on reason (as opposed to intuition)

discursive
(diss-kurr-siv)

synonyms: digressive, erratic; inclusive, absolute

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an extracurricular activity; a hobby

avocation
(av-uh-key-shuhn)

synonyms: hobby, recreation

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to foreshadow vaguely
v. to produce a faint outline or resemblance of something

adumbrate
(uh-duhm-breyt)

synonyms: bode, suggest, indicate, outline

121

Define:

alchemy
(al-kuh-me)

n. the medieval study of transforming lead into gold

Although it was never proven possible, alchemy is in many ways related to the chemistry we study today.

122

Define:

allege
(uh-ledge)

v. to state that something is true without providing proof

The neighbors alleged that it was the store owner who started the fire, but it turned out that he had been out of town after speaking with him.

123

Define:

allude
(uh-lewd)

v. to refer to another concept indirectly

She would occasionally allude to a summer house, though nobody knew exactly where it was.

124

Define:

altruism
(al-true-iz-um)

n. selfless concern for others

Many charities were formed thanks to Rajiv's altruism and generosity.

125

Define:

ambivalence
(am-biv-uh-lunce)

n. confused or contradicting feelings

The bride's ambivalence towards the color of the roses meant the groom had to decide.

126

Define:

amble
(am-bul)

v. to walk slowly

The old man ambled over to our table and started up a conversation.

127

Define:

ameliorate
(uh-meal-yuh-rate)

v. to make better

The new medicine ameliorated her condition rather quickly.

128

Define:

amenable
(uh-men-ih-bull)

adj. open to suggestion or criticism
adj. accountable

A good manager is amenable to his employee's new ideas.

129

Define:

analgesic
(ann-ul-djee-zick)

n. pain reliever

After the surgery, the doctor prescribed an analgesic for her patient's leg.

130

Define:

anecdote
(ann-ik-dote)

n. a story of a specific incident, used as an example or for entertainment

The actor's acceptance speech included an anecdote about his first audition.

131

Define:

annul
(uh-null)

v. to declare invalid

The couple had their marriage annulled when it was revealed that the groom was still married to another woman.

132

Define:

didactic
(die-dak-tick)

adj. overly instructive, educational

He may mean well, but Pat's efforts to help came across as fussy and didactic.

133

Define:

diffident
(diff-ih-dunt)

adj. lacking confidence; restrained or reserved

Since it was her first day, Lucy ventured only diffident answers to her superiors' requests for input.

134

Define:

diffuse
(v. dih-fewz; adj. dih-fewss)

v. to spread out
adj. widely spread, scattered
adj. wordy and rambling

Such a diffuse network of law enforcement will not be able to eliminate all instances of crime.

135

Define:

dilapidated
(dih-lap-ih-date-id)

adj. ruined, worn down

The abandoned house was dilapidated from years of neglect.

136

Define:

dilate
(die-late)

v. to widen or enlarge
v. to give a long speech on a subject

The eye drops dilated his pupils so the eye doctor could better examine them.

137

Define:

dilettante
(dill-ih-tont)

n. a person with an interest in a topic without really commiting
n. a patron of the arts

The dance school accepted dilettantes as well as trained professionals.

138

Define:

dirge
(durge)

n. a mournful song

We heard a chorus singing a dirge as the funeral procession began.

139

Define:

disabuse
(diss-uh-bewz)

v. to free from a misconception or error in thought

Luke made it his goal to disabuse his students of the notion that they didn't need to work hard to do well.

140

Define:

disaffect
(diss-uh-fect)

v. to make someone lose loyalty or affection

Her attention-seeking behavior disaffected many of her classmates.

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the medieval study of transforming lead into gold

alchemy
(al-kuh-me)

synonyms: sorcery, wizardry, medieval science

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to state that something is true without providing proof

allege
(uh-ledge)

synonyms: assert, claim

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to refer to another concept indirectly

allude
(uh-lewd)

synonyms: bring up, imply, mention

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. selfless concern for others

altruism
(al-true-iz-um)

synonyms: charity, kindness

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. confused or contradicting feelings

ambivalence
(am-biv-uh-lunce)

synonyms: confusion, dilemma, hesitation

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to walk slowly

amble
(am-bul)

synonyms: saunter, drag

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make better

ameliorate
(uh-meal-yuh-rate)

synonyms: amend, help

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. open to suggestion or criticism
adj. accountable

amenable
(uh-men-ih-bull)

synonyms: willing, cooperative; chargeable, liable

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. pain reliever

analgesic
(ann-ul-djee-zick)

synonyms: painkiller, soother

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a story of a specific incident, used as an example or for entertainment

anecdote
(ann-ik-dote)

synonyms: episode, account, chronicle

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to declare invalid

annul
(uh-null)

synonyms: void, abolish, cancel

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. overly instructive or preachy

didactic
(die-dak-tick)

synonyms: advisory, sermonic, bookish

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lacking confidence; restrained or reserved

diffident
(diff-ih-dunt)

synonyms: hesitant, unconfident

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to spread out
adj. widely spread, scattered
adj. wordy and rambling

diffuse
(v. dih-fewz; adj. dih-fewss)

synonyms: delocalized, verbose, prolix

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. ruined, worn down

dilapidated
(dih-lap-ih-date-id)

synonyms: ramshackle, wasted, decayed

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to widen or enlarge
v. to give a long speech on a subject

dilate
(die-late)

synonyms: stretch, amplify; hold forth

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person with an interest in a topic without really commiting
n. a patron of the arts

dilettante
(dill-ih-tont)

synonyms: green, unskilled; artist, connoisseur

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a mournful song

dirge
(durge)

synonyms: death song, lament, funeral hymn

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to free from a misconception or error in thought

disabuse
(diss-uh-bewz)

synonyms: correct, debunk

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make someone lose loyalty or affection

disaffect
(diss-uh-fect)

synonyms: alienate, antagonize

161

Define:

discern
(dih-surn)

v. to recognize, to recognize as different

From a distance, it was difficult for Josh to discern who was waving at him.

162

Define:

discomfit
(diss-kum-fit)

v. to unsettle
v. to upset or prevent from succeeding

The presence of the victim's family at the trial discomfited the accused.

163

Define:

hackneyed
(hack-need)

adj. overdone or cliché

The student's poem contained the hackneyed expressions that typically fill teenage diaries.

164

Define:

hallmark
(hall-mark)

n. a unique, identifying trait
n. a mark used to indicate the purity of certain metals

Complete obedience is the hallmark of a good soldier.

165

Define:

harangue
(huh-rang)

v. to speak with intense emotions
n. a rant

The lobbyists arrived at the senator's office expecting to make a deal, but instead they received a 45-minute harangue from the angry politician.

166

Define:

hedonism
(heed-in-iz-um)

n. dedication to pursuing pleasure

Jake's hedonism became apparent when he quit his job rather than cancel his trip to the Bahamas.

167

Define:

tan
(tan)

v. to whip
v. to make leather out of animal hide

He spent days tanning the leather properly.

168

Define:

heretical
(huh-ret-ih-kull)

adj. differing from official beliefs

Galileo's discoveries of the nature of Earth's place in the universe were considered heretical at the time.

169

Define:

hieroglyphic
(high-ruh-glif-ik)

adj. difficult to understand, mysterious

The students could not read the teacher's hieroglyphic writing on the board.

170

Define:

homogenous
(hoe-modj-ih-nus)

adj. composed of similar or identical parts

The audience was mostly a homogenous group of fashion design students, though one or two engineering students also attended.

171

Define:

hone
(hone)

v. to perfect
v. to sharpen

The swimmers spent all day in the water trying to hone their skills before the meet.

172

Define:

husband
(huz-bund)

v. to conserve

The campers knew they would have to husband their supplies on their trip.

173

Define:

nonplussed
(non-plust)

adj. confused

She was nonplussed when her mother scolded her for no apparent reason.

174

Define:

noxious
(knock-shuss)

adj. harmful in a physical or moral way

Unfortunately, the group did not notice the noxious gas until it had claimed several victims.

175

Define:

nuance
(new-awnss)

n. a small difference

A trained scientist is sensitive to the nuances between these two seemingly identical procedures.

176

Define:

obdurate
(ob-duh-ritt)

adj. stubborn; inflexible and unyielding
adj. emotionally cold; not compassionate

Even when the witness began to cry, the accused remained obdurate and detached.

177

Define:

obsequious
(ob-see-kwee-us)

adj. very submissive and flattering

In industries where obsequious service is expected, one generally leaves a tip.

178

Define:

obstinate
(ob-stuh-nitt)

adj. stubborn, unyielding to change an opinion

The obstinate woman refused to move out of the other customers' way.

179

Define:

obviate
(ob-vee-ehyt)

v. to anticipate and prevent
v. to make obsolete

The Internet has all but obviated the need for radio stations.

180

Define:

occlude
(uh-clued)

v. to close or block off
v. to combine opposite surfaces

The only way out of the cabin was occluded by a mound of fresh snow.

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to see clearly

discern
(dih-surn)

synonyms: note, notice, focus

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to unsettle
v. to upset or prevent from succeeding

discomfit
(diss-kum-fit)

synonyms: frustrate, annoy

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. overdone or cliché

hackneyed
(hack-need)

synonyms: tired, common

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a unique, identifying trait
n. a mark used to indicate the purity of certain metals

hallmark
(hall-mark)

synonyms: authentication, emblem, brand

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to speak with intense emotions
n. a rant

harangue
(huh-rang)

synonyms: diatribe, tirade, speech

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. dedication to pursuing pleasure

hedonism
(heed-in-iz-um)

synonyms: seeking pleasure and happiness

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to whip
v. to make leather out of animal hide

tan
(tan)

synonyms: flog, beat

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. differing from official beliefs

heretical
(huh-ret-ih-kull)

synonyms: unorthodox, disagreeing, dissenting

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. difficult to understand, mysterious

hieroglyphic
(high-ruh-glif-ik)

synonyms: unclear, unreadable, cryptic

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. composed of similar or identical parts

homogenous
(hoe-modj-ih-nuss)

synonyms: same, of like parts, uniform

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to perfect
v. to sharpen

hone
(hone)

synonyms: train, discipline; whet, grind

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to conserve

husband
(huz-bund)

synonyms: retain, preserve

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. confused

nonplussed
(non-plust)

synonyms: perplexed, baffled, puzzled

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. harmful in a physical or moral way

noxious
(knock-shuss)

synonyms: dangerous, corrupt

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a small difference

nuance
(new-awnss)

synonyms: degree, subtlety

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. emotionally cold; not compassionate

obdurate
(ob-duh-ritt)

synonyms: insensitive, apathetic

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. very submissive and flattering

obsequious
(ob-see-kwee-us)

synonyms: flattering, sycophantic

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. stubborn

obstinate
(ob-stuh-nitt)

synonyms: stubborn, determined

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to anticipate and prevent
v. to make obsolete

obviate
(ob-vee-ehyt)

synonyms: anticipate, counteract; inhibit, stymie

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to close or block off
v. to combine opposite surfaces

occlude
(uh-clued)

synonyms: clog, prevent, choke, congest, smother