Advanced Vocab Words - Set 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 4 Deck (200):
1

Define:

aseptic
(uh-sep-tik)

adj. free of pathogens or germs
adj. with little or no emotion

Doctors are always careful to use aseptic surgical equipment to prevent infection.

2

Define:

prolix
(proh-liks)

adj. wordy or prolonged; tedious in length

The prolix manuscript took days to read.

3

Define:

foolhardy
(fool-hahr-dee)

adj. reckless, unwisely bold; thoughtlessly rash

It was a foolhardy attempt to climb the Sears Tower that went very wrong.

4

Define:

picaresque
(pik-uh-resk)

adj. involving clever rogues in episodes of comedy or adventure

Huck Finn is a picaresque hero.

5

Define:

raucous
(raw-kuhs)

adj. rough sounding, harsh
adj. boisterous, rowdy, disorderly

The raucous laughter went on long into the night.

6

Define:

providential
(prov-ih-den-shuhl)

adj. to occur as if from divine intervention or great time

His providential recovery, when it seemed that he would surely succumb, brought hope to many.

7

Define:

antipodal
(an-tip-uh-dl)

adj. diametrically opposed to, polar opposite
adj. on the opposite side of the earth

The couple had totally antipodal personalities, but they enjoyed each other's company.

8

Define:

pillory
(pill-uh-ree)

v. to punish; to hold up for public scorning
n. a wooden framework with holes for head and hands, in which criminal offenders are held

Dan was pilloried in class for his inability to spell "potato".

9

Define:

infelicitous
(in-fuh-liss-ih-tuss)

adj. unfortunate, awkward, inappropriate

In Thailand, it is considered infelicitous to touch someone's head.

10

Define:

dilatory
(dil-uh-tawr-ee)

adj. tending to delay, put off, or procrastinate
adj. intended to slow progress

Courtney employed dilatory tactics in the debate in order to collect her thoughts, but the judges noticed and she was docked a point.

11

Define:

overweening
(oh-ver-wee-ning)

adj. presumptuously arrogant or conceited; overconfident, overbearing

Ian made the overweening assumption that people would rush to help him.

12

Define:

neologism
(nee-awl-uh-djiz-uhm)

n. the creation of new words, expressions, or usages for words

"Technophile" is a neologism, just as "UFO" once was.

13

Define:

lassitude
(lass-ih-tood)

n. a state of listless exhaustion, weakness, or weariness of the mind or body

The extreme heat led to a general lassitude that settled on the village from May to October.

14

Define:

locution
(loh-kyoo-shuhn)

n. a particular word, phrase, or style used by a person or group
n. style of speaking, phraseology

The newcomers were fascinated by the Aussie's locution.

15

Define:

jocose
(joh-kohss)

adj. characterized by a joking or humorous manner

The jocose innkeeper could always be counted on for a bit of levity.

16

Define:

rend
(rend)

v. to forcibly take
v. to tear apart

The three-year-old decided she wants to play with the teddy bear, so she rended it from her infant sister's hands.

17

Define:

stanch
(stawnch)

v. to cease the flow of a liquid (esp. blood)

The doctor's attempt to stanch the flow of blood eventually succeeded, and the patient's blood pressure stabilized.

18

Define:

solder
(sod-er)

v. to weld, fuse, or join (esp. metals)

Harry soldered the bits of scrap metal together to make a pet door.

19

Define:

demure
(duh-myoor)

adj. modest, shy

Lindsay was demure and had a tough time opening up to new people.

20

Define:

insensible
(in-sen-suh-buhl)

adj. unconscious, unresponsive

The boxer lay insensible on the floor of the ring.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. free of pathogens or germs
adj. with little or no emotion

aseptic
(uh-sep-tik)

synonyms: barren, clean; withdrawn, introverted

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. wordy or prolonged; tedious in length

prolix
(proh-liks)

synonyms: lengthy, rambling

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. reckless, unwisely bold; thoughtlessly rash

foolhardy
(fool-hahr-dee)

synonyms: daredevil, venturous, risky

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. involving clever rogues in episodes of comedy or adventure

picaresque
(pik-uh-resk)

synonyms: roguish, satirical

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rough sounding, harsh
adj. boisterous, rowdy, disorderly

raucous
(raw-kuhs)

synonyms: noisy, chaotic

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. to occur as if from divine intervention

providential
(prov-ih-den-shuhl)

synonyms: accidental, convenient, fortunate

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. diametrically opposed to, polar opposite
adj. on the opposite side of the earth

antipodal
(an-tip-uh-dl)

synonyms: opposed, contrary, counter

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to punish; to hold up for public scorning
n. a wooden framework with holes for head and hands, in which criminal offenders are held

pillory
(pill-uh-ree)

synonyms: ridicule, abuse

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unfortunate, awkward, inappropriate

infelicitous
(in-fuh-liss-ih-tuss)

synonyms: improper, ill suited

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tending to delay, put off, or procrastinate
adj. intended to slow progress

dilatory
(dil-uh-tawr-ee)

synonyms: dallying, sluggish, tardy

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. presumptuously arrogant or conceited, overconfident, overbearing

overweening
(oh-ver-wee-ning)

synonyms: brash, conceited, pompous

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the creation of new words, expressions, or usages for words

neologism
(nee-awl-uh-djiz-uhm)

synonyms: synthetic word, new phrase

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a state of listless exhaustion, weakness, or weariness of the mind or body

lassitude
(lass-ih-tood)

synonyms: lethargy, weariness, inaction

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a particular word, phrase, or style used by a person or group
n. style of speaking, phraseology

locution
(loh-kyoo-shuhn)

synonyms: phrasing, expression, lingo

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. characterized by a joking or humorous manner

jocose
(joh-kohss)

synonyms: facetious, humorous, funny

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to forcibly take
v. to tear apart

rend
(rend)

synonyms: break, divide, rip

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to cease the flow of a liquid (esp. blood)

stanch
(stawnch)

synonyms: to cease the flow of a liquid

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to weld, fuse, or join (esp. metals)

solder
(sod-er)

synonyms: fasten, braze

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. modest, shy

demure
(duh-myoor)

synonyms: reserved, bashful, coy

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unconscious, unresponsive

insensible
(in-sen-suh-buhl)

synonyms: cold, numb, inanimate

41

Define:

rail
(reyl)

v. to complain bitterly

The citizens railed against the injustice of the federal land grab in tersely-worded editorials and letters to the editor.

42

Define:

noisome
(noy-suhm)

adj. offensive or harmful

The noisome odor of the garbage nauseated Audrey.

43

Define:

mellifluous
(muh-lif-loo-uhs)

adj. sweetly flowing (esp. of words or sounds)

Lucy's mellifluous voice was noted by her interviewer.

44

Define:

inveterate
(in-vet-er-it)

adj. established, habitual, deep-rooted

It was Tony's inveterate preference to drink orange juice every morning.

45

Define:

coterie
(koh-tuh-ree)

n. a small or exclusive group of people with common interests

The coterie of musicians began to meet on Tuesday nights and eventually established a weekly concert series.

46

Define:

impugn
(im-pyoon)

v. to challenge or attack one's beliefs or motives as false

The candidate went too far when he began to impugn the character of his opponent's husband.

47

Define:

voluble
(vol-yuh-buhl)

adj. able to speak easily and in quantity, glib, talkative

The voluble speaker talked late into the night.

48

Define:

misogynist
(mih-sodj-uh-nist)

n. one who hates women

The song contained several lyrics that were so offensive to women that the singer was immediately labeled a misogynist.

49

Define:

pedagogy
(ped-uh-goh-djee)

n. the art or profession of training, teaching, or instructing

Training in pedagogy can't prepare you for manic third graders.

50

Define:

ambient
(am-bee-uhnt)

adj. relating to the immediate surroundings; surrounding environment

The low ambient lighting made for a romantic dinner setting.

51

Define:

inquest
(in-kwest)

n. a judicial inquiry of some matter held before a jury
n. an investigation, inquiry

The police opened an inquest into the cause of death.

52

Define:

preen
(preen)

v. to primp, to dress up
v. to clean fur or feathers of an animal

The bird preened its feathers with its beak for a few moments before taking flight.

53

Define:

parry
(pear-ee)

v. to block, evade, or ward off

The politician parried the reporter's questions with a few of her own.

54

Define:

guy
(gahy)

n. rope or cord attached to something as a brace

I was nervous that the guy for the pulley would snap.

55

Define:

sallow
(sal-oh)

adj. of a sickly yellowish hue or complexion

There was a large number of sallow-looking patients in the doctor's office.

56

Define:

plangent
(plan-djuhnt)

adj. pounding, thundering, resounding

The plangent honking of geese flying overhead jolted me awake.

57

Define:

peripatetic
(per-uh-puh-tet-ik)

adj. itinerant, nomadic

A peripatetic existence can take its toll on your relationships with the ones you love.

58

Define:

rue
(roo)

v. to regret; to feel or experience remorse

I rued the day I ever let her go.

59

Define:

macerate
(mass-uh-reyt)

v. to soften by steeping in a liquid, or decompose
v. to emaciate; to starve

Now, we will macerate the rest of the melon in hot water so we can use it to flavor the cream.

60

Define:

callow
(kal-oh)

adj. lacking maturity or experience

A callow young man was tormenting the elderly in the park.

61

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to complain bitterly

rail
(reyl)

synonyms: berate, abuse, complain

62

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. offensive or harmful

noisome
(noy-suhm)

synonyms: repulsive, dangerous

63

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sweetly flowing (esp. of words or sounds)

mellifluous
(muh-lif-loo-uhs)

synonyms: euphonic, harmonic, mellow, pleasing

64

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. established, habitual, deep-rooted

inveterate
(in-vet-er-it)

synonyms: chronic, habitual, ingrained

65

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a small or exclusive group of people with common interests

coterie
(koh-tuh-ree)

synonyms: clique, crowd, collective

66

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to challenge or attack ones beliefs or motives as false

impugn
(im-pyoon)

synonyms: criticize, challenge

67

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. able to speak easily and in quantity, glib, talkative

voluble
(vol-yuh-buhl)

synonyms: articulate, chatty, conversational

68

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one who hates women

misogynist
(mih-sodj-uh-nist)

synonyms: sexist, chauvinist

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the art or profession of training, teaching, or instructing

pedagogy
(ped-uh-goh-djee)

synonyms: education, apprenticeship, discipline

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relating to the immediate surroundings; surrounding environment

ambient
(am-bee-uhnt)

synonyms: environment, atmosphere

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a judicial inquiry of some matter held before a jury.
n. an investigation, inquiry

inquest
(in-kwest)

synonyms: a judicial inquiry, an official review before a panel

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to primp, to dress up
v. to clean fur or feathers of an animal

preen
(preen)

synonyms: beautify, groom, brush, doll up

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to block, evade, or ward off

parry
(pear-ee)

synonyms: block, dodge, circumvent

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. rope or cord attached to something as a brace

guy
(gahy)

synonyms: cable, wire, rope

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of a sickly yellowish hue or complexion

sallow
(sal-oh)

synonyms: pale, unhealthy-looking, jaundiced

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. pounding, thundering, resounding

plangent
(plan-djuhnt)

synonyms: booming, loud, roaring

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. itinerant, nomadic

peripatetic
(per-uh-puh-tet-ik)

synonyms: migrant, vagrant, wandering

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to regret; to feel or experience remorse

rue
(roo)

synonyms: feel remorse, grieve for

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to soften by steeping in a liquid, or decompose
v. to emaciate; to starve

macerate
(mass-uh-reyt)

synonyms: soak, dissolve

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lacking maturity or experience

callow
(kal-oh)

synonyms: immature, foolish

81

Define:

wistful
(wist-fuhl)

adj. yearning, longing, or melancholy

The child stared wistfully out the window for days, waiting for her dog to return.

82

Define:

corroborate
(kuh-rob-uh-rehyt)

v. to confirm or validate

The mailman corroborated the alleged thief's story, confirming that he had merely been passing by when the robbery occurred.

83

Define:

couch
(couch)

v. to express in indirect terms; to frame in a certain way

Her criticism was couched in flattering terms so that her coworker wouldn't take offense.

84

Define:

innervate
(ih-nur-veyt)

v. to give nervous energy to; to supply with nerves

The team was innervated by the coach's pep talk and approached the second half with renewed energy.

85

Define:

impecunious
(im-puh-kyoo-nee-us)

adj. poor; without any money

A graduate student generally leads an impecunious existence.

86

Define:

grovel
(gruhv-uhl)

v. to behave in a servile manner to receive forgiveness or a favor
v. to kneel with one's head down

The servants groveled at the king's throne.

87

Define:

epicurean
(ep-ih-kyoo-ree-uhn)

adj. characterized by luxury (esp. in terms of food and drink) or by a propensity for indulging in luxury

The cruise was marketed as an epicurean adventure through the cuisines of four Caribbean nations.

88

Define:

hirsute
(hur-soot)

adj. hairy, shaggy

A hirsute sheepdog won the Dog Showing Contest.

89

Define:

countenance
(koun-tuh-nunce)

n. appearance of a person's face
v. to permit, to allow

Many people thought she was friendly because of her kindly countenance.

90

Define:

scurvy
(skur-vee)

adj. not admirable, despicable

The scurvy pirate secured his escape by throwing gun powder into the eyes of his pursuers.

91

Define:

covert
(koe-vert)

adj. hidden; secret

The government's covert operations were laid bare by the shocking article.

92

Define:

craven
(kray-vun)

adj. cowardly

The craven man ran away at the first sign of danger.

93

Define:

eugenics
(yoo-djen-iks)

n. the study of heredity improvements by genetic control

Nazi Germany is known to have carried out many eugenics experiments that provoked outrage once they came to light.

94

Define:

credence
(creed-enss)

n. belief that something is true
n. plausibility

She gave credence to the rumors when she failed to deny them.

95

Define:

execrate
(ek-si-kreyt)

v. to declare to be hateful or abhorrent; denounce
v. to loathe
v. to curse

The rival teams appeared on the news to execrate one another.

96

Define:

sempiternal
(sem-pih-tur-nl)

adj. eternal, infinite

Nothing in life is sempiternal, alas.

97

Define:

credulous
(kredj-uh-luss)

adj. easily convinced that something is true

His lies were so ridiculous that only the most credulous child would have believed them.

98

Define:

plumb
(pluhm)

v. to measure the depth
v. to examine critically

I think she is the only architect working today who has the courage to truly plumb the possibilities of recycled construction materials.

99

Define:

culpable
(kull-puh-bull)

adj. deserving of blame or punishment

He confessed that he was culpable for the crime and faced the consequences.

100

Define:

debase
(dih-base)

v. to corrupt or lower the value of

Many argue that modern society has been debased by materialism.

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. yearning, longing, or melancholy

wistful
(wist-fuhl)

synonyms: forlorn, reflective

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to confirm or validate

corroborate
(kuh-rob-uh-rehyt)

synonyms: affirm, validate, give further supporting evidence

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to express in indirect terms; to frame in a certain way

couch
(couch)

synonyms: formulate, phrase, surround

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give nervous energy to; to supply with nerves

innervate
(ih-nur-veyt)

synonyms: invigorate, evoke, stimulate

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. poor; without any money

impecunious
(im-puh-kyoo-nee-us)

synonyms: destitute, impoverished

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to behave in a servile manner
v. to indulge in unworthy pursuits

grovel
(gruhv-uhl)

synonyms: beg, serve

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. characterized by luxury (esp. in terms of food and drink) or by a propensity for indulging in luxury

epicurean
(ep-ih-kyoo-ree-uhn)

synonyms: gluttonous, libertine

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hairy, shaggy

hirsute
(hur-soot)

synonyms: furry, wooly

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. appearance of a person's face
v. to permit, to allow

countenance
(koun-tuh-nunce)

synonyms: aspect, demeanor, expression, face

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not admirable, despicable

scurvy
(skur-vee)

synonyms: abominable, low-down

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hidden; secret
n. a covered place for hiding

covert
(koe-vert)

synonyms: cloaked, secret, sly

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. cowardly

craven
(kray-vun)

synonyms: weak, timid, fearful

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the study of heredity improvements by genetic control

eugenics
(yoo-djen-iks)

synonyms: genetic enhancement, genetic manipulation

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. belief that something is true
n. plausibility

credence
(creed-enss)

synonyms: credulity, confidence, possibility

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to declare to be hateful or abhorrent; denounce
v. to loathe
v. to curse

execrate
(ek-si-kreyt)

synonyms: accurse, condemn; hate, detest

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. eternal, infinite

sempiternal
(sem-pih-tur-nl)

synonyms: ageless, constant

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. easily convinced that something is true

credulous
(kredj-uh-luss)

synonyms: gullible, too trusting

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to measure the depth
v. to examine critically

plumb
(pluhm)

synonyms: probe, gauge; assess, study

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deserving of blame or punishment

culpable
(kull-puh-bull)

synonyms: guilty, liable

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. to corrupt or lower the value of

debase
(dih-base)

synonyms: degrade, cheapen

121

Define:

decadent
(deck-ih-dunt)

adj. in a state of decline
adj. self-indulgent

Louis XIV was known for his decadent displays of wealth and power.

122

Define:

decorous
(dek-core-us)

adj. conforming to what is acceptable to society
adj. marked by propriety and etiquette

One must always behave in a decorous manner at formal events.

123

Define:

decry
(dih-cry)

v. to strongly disapprove of

The preacher decried society's indifference towards the poor.

124

Define:

artless
(art-liss)

adj. simple and natural
adj. unable to mask true feelings
adj. without artistic merit; crudely made

She had an artless grace about her that endeared her to strangers.

125

Define:

ascetic
(uh-set-ik)

adj. relating to self-denial
n. a person who practices self-denial

The ascetic monks rejected modern comforts such as electricity.

126

Define:

ascendant
(uh-sen-dent)

adj. rising
adj. most powerful
n. a position of being dominant or in control

In this game, newcomers are ascendant because of their youth.

127

Define:

ascribe
(uh-scribe)

v. to attribute or assign to a cause

Her success was ascribed to the hours she had spent studying.

128

Define:

assiduous
(uh-sidj-oo-us)

adj. making careful and persistent effort

John was an assiduous student who always tried his best.

129

Define:

assuage
(uh-swaydj)

v. to relieve

Her anger was assuaged by her friend's soothing words.

130

Define:

astute
(uh-stewt)

adj. having practical intelligence and good judgment

An astute teacher always checks for plagiarism.

131

Define:

suppliant
(suhp-lee-uhnt)

adj. asking humbly, beseeching
n. a person who requests or begs

The boy was peering into the pet store window with the look of a suppliant on his face.

132

Define:

atrophy
(at-ruh-fee)

n. deterioration (esp. due to inactivity)
v. to deteriorate, to waste away (esp. due to inactivity)

The paralyzed patient began to show signs of atrophy in his leg muscles.

133

Define:

anosmia
(an-oz-mee-uh)

n. loss of the sense of smell

Melissa has been afflicted with anosmia since birth; she likes to say that sometimes it is a curse, and sometimes a blessing.

134

Define:

austere
(aw-steer)

adj. severe, strict, or very plain

The austere room was anything but inviting.

135

Define:

autonomous
(aw-tawn-ih-muss)

adj. independent

The revolutionaries are fighting to make their country autonomous.

136

Define:

rapacious
(ruh-pey-shuhs)

adj. voracious, greedy, plundering

The Vikings were rapacious warriors.

137

Define:

avarice
(av-uh-riss)

n. insatiable greed

The rich man's avarice led him to buy up most of the neighborhood.

138

Define:

unflappable
(uhn-flap-uh-buhl)

adj. not easily upset or excited (e.g., in a crisis)

The unflappable hero maintained his level-headed mentality during the disaster.

139

Define:

aver
(uh-vurr)

v. to declare as true

When interviewed, Susan's friends all averred that she was a trustworthy person.

140

Define:

emasculate
(uh-mass-kyuh-leyt)

v. to castrate or make effeminate
v. to weaken

Wearing the frilly pink shirt made him feel emasculated.

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. in a state of decline
adj. self-indulgent

decadent
(deck-ih-dunt)

synonyms: decaying; hedonistic, spoiled

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. conforming to what is acceptable to society
adj. marked by propriety and etiquette

decorous
(dek-core-us)

synonyms: acceptable, befitting; civil, courtly

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. to strongly disapprove of

decry
(dih-cry)

synonyms: denounce, deplore

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. simple and natural
adj. unable to mask true feelings
adj. without artistic merit; crudely made

artless
(art-liss)

synonyms: genuine, pure; naive, straightforward; awkward, amateurish

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relating to self-denial; and
n. a person who practices self-denial

ascetic
(uh-set-ik)

synonyms: abstinent, restrained

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rising
adj. most powerful
n. a position of being dominant or in control

ascendant
(uh-sen-dent)

synonyms: ruling, superior, dominant

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to attribute or assign to a cause

ascribe
(uh-scribe)

synonyms: assign, appoint, accredit

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. making careful and persistent effort

assiduous
(uh-sidj-oo-us)

synonyms: hardworking, attentive

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to relieve

assuage
(uh-swaydj)

synonyms: soothe, alleviate

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having practical intelligence and good judgment

astute
(uh-stewt)

synonyms: adroit, perspicacious, sagacious

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. asking humbly, beseeching
n. a person who requests or begs

suppliant
(suhp-lee-uhnt)

synonyms: begging; beggar, seeker

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. deterioration (esp. due to inactivity)
v. to deteriorate, to waste away (esp. due to inactivity)

atrophy
(at-ruh-fee)

synonyms: disintegration; to disintegrate

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. loss of the sense of smell

anosmia
(an-oz-mee-uh)

synonyms: without smell

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. severe, strict, or very plain

austere
(aw-steer)

synonyms: bare, stark, simple

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. independent

autonomous
(aw-tawn-ih-muss)

synonyms: self-determining, independent

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. voracious, greedy, plundering

rapacious
(ruh-pey-shuhs)

synonyms: marauding, ravenous, avaricious

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. insatiable greed

avarice
(av-uh-riss)

synonyms: selfishness, ambition

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not easily upset or excited (e.g., in a crisis)

unflappable
(uhn-flap-uh-buhl)

synonyms: calm, collected

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to declare as true

aver
(uh-vurr)

synonyms: affirm, assert

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to castrate or make effeminate
v. to weaken

emasculate
(uh-mass-kyuh-leyt)

synonyms: desexualize, neuter; devitalize

161

Define:

dormant
(door-munt)

adj. inactive for a period of time

The dormant volcano erupted unexpectedly, injuring many.

162

Define:

recumbent
(rih-kuhm-buhnt)

adj. leaning, lying down

He sat recumbent on the picnic blanket.

163

Define:

dote
(dote)

v. to show excessive affection

Her parents were strict but her grandparents always doted on her and showered her with gifts.

164

Define:

frangible
(fran-djuh-buhl)

adj. fragile; easily broken

The frangible statue was accidently pushed over and shattered.

165

Define:

dupe
(dewp)

n. a person who is easily tricked
v. to deceive

The lying politician made those who had voted for him seem like dupes.

166

Define:

magnanimous
(mag-nan-uh-muhss)

adj. noble in spirit, generous in forgiving others

Susan's magnanimous personality made her many life-long friends.

167

Define:

ebb
(eb)

v. to decrease or recede
n. a decline
n. the outward flow of the tide

Her affection for him began to ebb a few days after the hasty wedding.

168

Define:

wizen
(wiz-uhn)

adj. shriveled, wrinkled, or withered, as of with old age

A wizened old man was walking through the park.

169

Define:

countermand
(koun-ter-mand)

v. to annul, cancel, make a contrary order

The general countermanded his previous order to retreat, telling the men to march straight into battle.

170

Define:

ebullient
(ih-buhl-yunt)

adj. very excited; joyously enthusiastic

Linda was ebullient when she made it into the semifinals.

171

Define:

apogee
(ap-uh-djee)

n. the highest point, zenith

The apogee of the roller coaster terrified even the most seasoned riders.

172

Define:

ecclesiastical
(ih-klee-zee-ass-tih-kuhl)

adj. relating to the church

Mary decided to take up her ecclesiastical concerns with the local priest.

173

Define:

eclectic
(ih-klek-tik)

adj. composed of parts from many different sources

The girl's fashion sense was an eclectic mix of conservative Victorian and colorful modern styles.

174

Define:

edify
(ed-ih-fahy)

v. to educate, instruct, or benefit, especially morally or

spiritually; uplift

John attempted to edify the impolite young man.

175

Define:

efficacious
(eff-ih-kay-shuss)

adj. producing or able to produce a desired result

The woman insisted that her herbal medicines would be the most efficacious remedy for the young patient.

176

Define:

puerile
(pyoo-er-ill)

adj. childish, immature

The comedian had a puerile sense of humor, invoking the bathroom in practically every joke.

177

Define:

effrontery
(ih-frun-tuh-ree)

n. unjustified arrogance or boldness

Although my sister had not invited me to her party, she had the effrontery to ask me for help setting up.

178

Define:

effusive
(ih-few-siv)

adj. related to excessive or unchecked emotion; expressing feelings of gratitude

Susan's effusive praise of Ramon's new car made him think that perhaps she didn't really like it.

179

Define:

tortuous
(tawr-choo-uhs)

adj. winding, excessively complicated

The philosopher made a tortuous argument that not many of his students followed.

180

Define:

debauchery
(dih-baw-chuh-ree)

n. extreme sensual indulgence

The debauchery in the movie was enough to make me blush.

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. inactive for a period of time

dormant
(door-munt)

synonyms: inactive, sleeping, inoperative

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. leaning, lying down

recumbent
(rih-kuhm-buhnt)

synonyms: sprawling, reclining

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to show excessive affection

dote
(dote)

synonyms: favor, cherish

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. fragile; easily broken

frangible
(fran-djuh-buhl)

synonyms: brittle, flimsy

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person who is easily tricked
v. to deceive

dupe
(dewp)

synonyms: chump, sucker, victim

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. noble in spirit, generous in forgiving others

magnanimous
(mag-nan-uh-muhss)

synonyms: big-hearted, forgiving

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to decrease or recede
n. a decline
n. the outward flow of the tide

ebb
(eb)

synonyms: subside; regression, decline

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to shrivel, wrinkle, or wither, as of old age

wizen
(wiz-uhn)

synonyms: sag, crinkle, dry up

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to annul or cancel; to give a contrary order

countermand
(koun-ter-mand)

synonyms: override, recall, revoke

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. very excited; joyously enthusiastic

ebullient
(ih-buhl-yunt)

synonyms: bouncy, chipper, effervescent

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the highest point, zenith

apogee
(ap-uh-djee)

synonyms: pinnacle, apex

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relating to the church

ecclesiastical
(ih-klee-zee-ass-tih-kuhl)

synonyms: clerical, parochial

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. composed of parts from many different sources

eclectic
(ih-klek-tik)

synonyms: heterogeneous, multifarious

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to educate, instruct, or benefit, especially morally or spiritually; uplift

edify
(ed-ih-fahy)

synonyms: enlighten, teach

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. producing or able to produce a desired result

efficacious
(eff-ih-kay-shuss)

synonyms: efficient, capable

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. childish, immature

puerile
(pyoo-er-ill)

synonyms: babyish, callow, infantile

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. unjustified arrogance or boldness

effrontery
(ih-frun-tuh-ree)

synonyms: audacity, impudence

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. related to excessive or unchecked emotion; expressing feelings of gratitude

effusive
(ih-few-siv)

synonyms: overdone, extravagant

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. winding, excessively complicated

tortuous
(tawr-choo-uhs)

synonyms: ambiguous, convoluted, indirect

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. extreme sensual indulgence

debauchery
(dih-baw-chuh-ree)

synonyms: depravity, lechery, lewdness