A pathological condition resulting of acids in the body.
A sealed hub on an administration set designed for sterile access to IV fluids.
A method used to move compounds across a cell membrane to create or maintain an imbalance of charges.
Tubing that connects to the IV bag access port and the catheter in order to deliver the IV fluids
The presence of air in the veins, which can lead to cardiac arrest if it enters the heart.
The pathologic condition resulting in accumulation of bases in the body.
Small glass containers that are sealed and the contents sterilized
An ion that contains an overall negative charge.
The anterior aspect of the elbow
A method of cleansing used to prevent contamination of a site when performing an invasive procedure, such as inserting an IV line
A staggered walk or gait caused by injury to the brain or spinal cord
A term used to describe “in one mass”, in medication administration, a single dose given by the IV route; may be a small or large quantity of the drug
Relating to the cheek or mouth
A substance or group of substances that controls the hydrogen levels in a solution
A rigid,hollow, venous cannula toon device identified by its plastic “wings” that act as anchoring points for securing the catheter
The insertion of a hollow thine into the vein to allow for fluid flow.
The terminal ends of the vascular system where fluids, food, and wastes are exchanged between the vascular system and the cells of the body
A flexible, hollow structure that delivers fluid.
A free-floating segment of a catheter in the circulatory system, created if the needle slices through the catheter while it is being inserted
An ion that contains an overall positive charge.
The ability of a cell to take oxygen and remove carbon dioxide.
A type of IV solution that contains compounds that are too large to pass out of the capillary membranes and therefore remain in the vascular compartment; for example, used to help reduce edema.
The total weight of a drug contained in a specific volume of liquid.
The natural tendency for substances to flow from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration, either within the cell or outside the cell
The puncturing of an emergency care providers skin with a catheter that was used on a patient.
A type of IV solution that contains compounds that quickly disassociate in solution and can cross membranes; considered the best choice for prehospital care of injured patients who need fluids to replace lost body fluid
An IV solution made up of 5% dextrose in water.
The rapid movement of electrolytes across a cell membrane that changes the cell overall charge. This rapid shifting of electrolytes and cellular charges is the main catalyst for muscle and neural transmission.
A process in which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
The area of the administration set where fluid accumulates so that the tubing remains filled with fluid.
Number of dropper minute.
Another name for an administration set
Injecting sterile water (or saline) from one viral into another vial containing a powdered form of the drug.
A charged atom or compound that results from the loss or gain of an electron. These are ions that the body uses to perform certain critical metabolic processes.
Medications that are given through a portion of the gastrointestinal tract
IV access established in the jugular veins of the neck.
External Jugular IV
The fiber like connective tissue that covers arteries, veins, tendons, and ligaments.
A type of diffusion in which water carries dissolved compounds across the cell membrane; commonly used by the kidneys to clean blood.
The area of a catheter that fills with blood to help indicate when a vein is cannulated.
In the medication administration sense, the interior diameter of a catheter or needle.
A measurement that indicates drops.
An accumulation of blood in the tissue surrounding an IV site
The balance of all systems of the body.
High serum calcium levels.
High serum levels of potassium.
A solution that has a greater concentration of sodium than does the cell; the increased extra cellular osmotic pressure can draw water out of the cell and cause it to collapse.
Low serum calcium levels
Low levels of potassium.
The solution that has a lower concentration of sodium than the cell does. The increased intercellular osmotic pressure lets water flow into the cell, causing it to swell and possibly burst
The escape of fluid into the surrounding tissue
Breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route.
Water between the vascular system and the surrounding cells (for example, between the membranes of two cells located outside the vascular compartment in the body)
Into a muscle; a medication delivery route.
The water portion of the circulatory system surrounding the blood cell (for example, in the heart, arteries, or veins)
Into a vein; a medication delivery route
A charged atom or compound that results from the loss or gain of an election
The amount of charged particles found in a particular area.
A solution that has the same concentration of sodium as does the cell. In this case, water does not shift, and no change in cell shape occurs.
A sterile crystalloid isotonic IV solution of specified amounts of calcium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium chloride, and sodium lactate in water.
Lactated Ringers Solution
Mild to moderate allergic reaction occurring in a localized area
The rupturing of a cell caused by either the presence of certain enzymes or the uncontrolled influx of material into the cell.
An administration set named for the large orifice between the piercing spike and the drip chamber; allows for rapid fluid flow into the vascular system.
The breakdown of the ingested foodstuffs into smaller and smaller molecules and atoms that used as energy sources for cellular function.
A miniature spray canister used to direct medication through the mouth and into the lungs
Metered dose inhaler (MDI)
A decimal system based on tens for the measurement of length, weight, and volume
An administration set named for the small orifice between the piercing spike and the drip chamber; allows for carefully controlled fluid flow and is ideally suited for medication administration.
A device that attaches to the end of a syringe that is used to spray (atomize) certain medications via the intranasal route
Mucosal Atomizer Device
A device for producing a fine spray or mist that is used to deliver inhaled medication
0.9% sodium chloride; an isotonic crystalloid
Blockage, usually of a tubular structure such as a blood vessel
The ability to influence the movement of water across a semipermeable membrane
The movement of water across a cell membrane from an area of lower to higher solute molecules
Pressure created against the cell wall by the presence of water
The prehospital standard for IV Cannulation. It consists of a hollow tube over a laser sharpened steel needle; also referred to as an angiocath
Over the Needle Catheter
Medication that are given through any route other than through the gastrointestinal tract
A type of surgical drain often used as a constricting band
A measure of the acidity of a solution
Inflammation of the vein
The cell membranes double layer, consisting of a hydrophilic outer layer composed of phosphate groups,and a hydrophilic inner layer made up of lipids, or fatty acids. It is this structure and composition that allows the cell membrane to have selective permeability
The hard, sharpened plastic spike on the end of the administration set designed to pierce the sterile membrane of the IV bag.
The passage of an unusually large volume of urine I’m a given period. In diabetes, polyuria can result from excreting excess glucose in the urine
Symptomatic drop in blood pressure related to the patients body position, detected by measuring pulse and blood pressure while the patient is lying supine, sitting up, and standing. An increase in pulse rate and a decrease in blood pressure in any one of these positions is considered a positive sign for this condition
A blood clot trapped within the pulmonary circulation
A type of IV access device that allows an active IV site to be maintained without having to run fluids through the vein, also called a buff cap or intermittent site
The hardening of a vein from scar tissue after repeated cannulation
The ability of the cell membrane to selectively allow compounds into the cell based on the cell current needs
The mechanism by which the cell brings in two potassium (K+) ions and releases three sodium (Na+) ions
Sodium/potassium ( Na+\k+) pump
Into the tissue between the skin and muscle; a medication delivery route
Under the tongue; medication delivery route.
Fainting, brief loss of consciousness caused by transiently inadequate blood flow to the brain
Moderate to severe allergic reaction affecting the systems of the body.
Rapid heart rhythm, more than 100 beats/minute
The shifting fluid into the tissue creating edema
The osmotic pressure of a solution, based on the relationship between sodium and water inside and outside the cell that takes advantage of chemical and osmotic properties to move water to areas of higher sodium concentration.
Veins on the leg that are large, twisted, and rope like and can cause pain, swelling, or itch
A reaction consisting of precordial distress, anxiety, nausea,and sometimes syncope
The development of a stationary blood clot in the venous circulation.
Small glass bottles for medication, may contain single or multiple doses
The amount of fluid you have on hand, suck as the amount of fluid in an IV bag or the amount of fluid in a vial of medication
Volume on Hand