Flashcards in Africa Deck (14):
-Prunus Africana (Rosaceae)
-African Cherry, Red Stinkwood
-Bark is a source of an extract used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia
-Bark is taken from population in Afromontane forests of Cameroon, Zaire (DRC), Kenya, Madagascar
-Some sustainability issues
-also used to treat fever, stomach upset and malaria
Gnetum Africanum: important forest vegetable and medicinal plant
generates millions of year for regional economy
A large forest tree the seeds of the Bush Mango (Irvingia gabonensis) are highly prized as
a soup thickener & medicines.
Used to make ogbono soup
Grains of Paradise
Aframomum melegueta. (Zingiberaceae).
Hot and pungent flavor
used in many traditional medicine uses
used in early european beverages and cough mixtures
in some american beers
under research for type 1 diabetes
Thaumatococcus daniellii (Marantaceae)
seeds contain the protein "Thaumatin"
2000x sweeter than sugar
Strophanthus preusii (Apocynaceae)
Used to make deadly arrow poison
poison contains Glycoside GStrophanthin- powerful cardiac toxin
(Apocynaceae) Medium forest tree. Reserpine
Traditionally used to treat madness, tea made from the roots
discovered to contain resperine, an excellent treatment for schizophrenia and hypertension
(Apocynaceae) Medium forest tree. Oxybral
Traditionally used to induce lactation in young mothers, twigs are used to relieve headache
Contain vincamine, precursor to oxybral, used to treat migraines
Physostigma venenosum (Fabaceae), Eserine
Traditionally used in “Trial by Ordeal”, persons accused witchcraft would be forced to eat a single bean. If the person died they were considered guilty, if they survived they were innocent; few survived.
the source of the drug “Eserine” used to treat Glycoma; Alzheimers & Myasthenia gravis.
Catharanthus roseus (Apocynaceae) Madagascan Periwinkle
Traditionally the oil is extracted by boiling the fruits before treading to extract the oil
In thousands of products, including soap
25 million Tonnes produced each year. 80% consumed by western nations
Raphis vinifera the Raffia Palm
Traditional African forest product essential to our society
Rattans are climbing palms