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Botanical Medicine Final > Africa > Flashcards

Flashcards in Africa Deck (14):
1

Prunus Africana

-Prunus Africana (Rosaceae)
-African Cherry, Red Stinkwood
-Bark is a source of an extract used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia
-Bark is taken from population in Afromontane forests of Cameroon, Zaire (DRC), Kenya, Madagascar
-Some sustainability issues
-also used to treat fever, stomach upset and malaria

2

Eru

Gnetum Africanum: important forest vegetable and medicinal plant
generates millions of year for regional economy

3

Bush Mango

Irvingia gabonensis
A large forest tree the seeds of the Bush Mango (Irvingia gabonensis) are highly prized as
a soup thickener & medicines.
Used to make ogbono soup

4

Grains of Paradise

Aframomum melegueta. (Zingiberaceae).
Hot and pungent flavor
used in many traditional medicine uses
used in early european beverages and cough mixtures
in some american beers
under research for type 1 diabetes

5

Katemfe Fruits

Thaumatococcus daniellii (Marantaceae)
seeds contain the protein "Thaumatin"
2000x sweeter than sugar

6

Strophanthus preusii

Strophanthus preusii (Apocynaceae)
Used to make deadly arrow poison
poison contains Glycoside GStrophanthin- powerful cardiac toxin

7

Rauwolfia vomitoria

(Apocynaceae) Medium forest tree. Reserpine
Traditionally used to treat madness, tea made from the roots
discovered to contain resperine, an excellent treatment for schizophrenia and hypertension

8

Voacanga africana

(Apocynaceae) Medium forest tree. Oxybral
Traditionally used to induce lactation in young mothers, twigs are used to relieve headache
Contain vincamine, precursor to oxybral, used to treat migraines

9

Calabar Bean

Physostigma venenosum (Fabaceae), Eserine
Traditionally used in “Trial by Ordeal”, persons accused witchcraft would be forced to eat a single bean. If the person died they were considered guilty, if they survived they were innocent; few survived.
the source of the drug “Eserine” used to treat Glycoma; Alzheimers & Myasthenia gravis.

10

Madagascan Periwinkle

Catharanthus roseus (Apocynaceae) Madagascan Periwinkle

11

Palm Oil

Elaeis guineensis
Traditionally the oil is extracted by boiling the fruits before treading to extract the oil
In thousands of products, including soap
25 million Tonnes produced each year. 80% consumed by western nations
Deforestation

12

Shea Butter

Vitellaria paradoxa

13

Raffia

Raphis vinifera the Raffia Palm
Traditional African forest product essential to our society
Rattans are climbing palms

14

Honey

The Baka people use the Honey Guide bird to locate the bees nest