Ageing Well, or Not so Well Flashcards Preview

FOPC Year 2 and 3 > Ageing Well, or Not so Well > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ageing Well, or Not so Well Deck (64)
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1

Homeostatic reserve (the ability of an organism to stabilise its normal internal environment) is the same in the elderly as in early and middle adult life: True or False

False

2

Disease always presents in the same way in the elderly as it does in younger adults: True or False

False

3

Normal ranges e.g. peak flow rate, are affected by age: True or False

True

4

Drug handling alters with age: True or False

True

5

Treatable disease in the elderly is frequently ascribed to “normal ageing”: True or False

True

6

Define ageism.

A process of systematic stereotyping and discrimination against people just because they are old.

7

Lifestyle changes in old age are not worthwhile as they produce no significant health benefits: True or False

False

8

In 2000, the proportion of the world’s population over 60years was 11%. By 2050, it is expected to be:
A 8%
B 15%
C 22%
D 40%

C 22%

9

In the period 2000 to 2050, the number of people aged 80 and older will increase:
A 2-fold
B 3-fold
C 4-fold
D 5-fold

C 4-fold

10

By 2050, what percentage of older people will live in low-income and middle-income countries?
A 80%
B 65%
C 50%
D 35%

A 80%

11

In the world’s poorest countries, the “biggest killers” are:
A) Cholera and dysentery
B) Heart disease, stroke and chronic lung disease
C) Malaria
D) Sleeping sickness

B) Heart disease, stroke and chronic lung disease

12

Older people in low-income and middle-income countries carry a greater disease burden than those in the rich world: True or false?

True

13

By 2050, the number of older people who are no longer able to look after themselves is forecast to increase:
A Not at all
B 2-fold
C 3-fold
D 4-fold

D 4-fold

14

Worldwide, most training for health professionals includes instruction about specific care for older people:
True or False

False

15

Creating “age-friendly” physical and social environments does not improve the active participation and independence of older people:
True or False

False

16

A 63 year old patient who gives up smoking will decrease their risk of premature death by:
A 50%
B 40%
C 30%
D 20%

A 50%

17

How has age distribution changed from 1950 to 2000 to 2050 (predicted) in more developed regions (UK,USA, Canada, Australia, Japan)?

1950 = Young population, traditional pyramid shape

2000 = Ageing population (Highest between 40-60), shape = Thin, thick, thin.

2050 = Ageing population
(Highest between +60)
shape = Square, slight increase +60, thin.

18

In more developed regions what has happened to growth rate in populations, total?

Small increase but by 2050
Decrease overall

19

In more developed regions what has happened to growth rate in populations, +60?

Increase

20

In more developed regions what has happened to growth rate in populations, +70?

Increase

21

In more developed regions what has happened to growth rate in populations, +80?

Increase

22

In more developed regions what has happened to total fertility rate?

Gradual decrease in fertility

23

In more developed regions what has happened to life expectancy?

Increase

24

How has age distribution changed from 1950 to 2000 to 2050 (predicted) in Less developed regions (Iraq, Thailand, Jamaica, Ukraine)?

1950 = Young population, traditional pyramid shape

2000 = Slight change with a more ageing population, traditional pyramid still

2050 = Ageing population
(Highest between +60)
shape = Square, +60, thinning.

25

How would you describe population in less developed regions?

Population ageing is enduring.

26

What is the fastest growing age group in the world?

The +80 age band

27

Where is population ageing the quickest?

What consequence does this have?

The developing countries than developed countries

Developing countries will have less time to adjust to the consequences of population ageing. Moreover, population ageing in the developing countries is taking place at much lower levels of socio-economic development than was the case in developed countries.

28

In less developed regions what has happened to growth rate in populations, total?

Gradual decrease in growth rate overall but increase in the elderly

29

In more developed regions what has happened to total fertility rate?

Fertility is decreasing

30

In least developed regions what has happened to total fertility rate?

Increasing