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Flashcards in AKI Deck (20):
1

What's the most reliable indicator of renal function

Creatinine

2

Hyperkalemia is first noted on a rhythm strip with what

Peaked t waves

3

What's the normal urine output of a adult

.5 ml/kg/hr

4

What's the criteria for AKI

Increase in creatinine of 0.3
Reduction of UO to less than .5 ml/kg/hr for longer than 6 hours

5

How much urine is the bladder built to hold

300 cc

6

What is the glomerulus responsible for

Filtration

7

What is normal serum osmolality

275-295

8

What does high serum osmolality indicate

The patient is DRY

9

What does low serum osmolality indicate

The patient is WET

10

What value is considered oliguria

Output less than 400 in a day

11

What value is considered anuria

Output less than 100 a day

12

What is azotemia

Accumulation of nitrogen waste in the blood

13

What is uremia

Urine in the blood

14

What value is indicative of renal insufficiency

When only 59-70% of the kidney is functioning normally

15

What value is indicative of renal injury

When the kidneys are only functioning at 25% of normal

16

What value is indicative of ESRD

When the kidneys are only functioning at 10% or less of normal

17

What is a common complication of renal disease

METABOLIC ACIDOSIS

18

An orthostatic drop in BP can cause what type of kidney injury

Pre renal

19

What is hypocalcemia management

Restrict phosphorus in diet and drugs
Phosphorus has a direct correlation with calcium

20

The most likely cause of AKI in hospitalized patients is what

Hypoperfusion