Flashcards in Alkanes Deck (13):
What is a homologous series?
A series of organic compounds having the same functional group but with each successive group but with each successive member differing by CH2
What is a functional group?
A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions of a compound
What does aliphatic mean?
A compound containing carbon and hydrogen joined together in straight chains, branched chains or non-aromatic rings.
What does alicylic mean?
An aliphatic compound arranged in non-aromatic rings with or without side chains
What does aromatic mean?
Containing a benzene ring
What do saturated and unsaturated mean?
Saturated = Containing only single C-C bonds
Unsaturated = Containing multiple carbon-carbon bonds, i.e C=C or triple bonded carbon.
What is the general formula for alkanes?
Cn H 2n+2
What are structural isomers?
Compounds with the same molecular formula but a different structural formula.
What is the standard alkane bond angle?
What do all alkanes produce when they burn?
Carbon dioxide and water
What is a radical?
A species with an unpaired electron
What are the three stages of radical substitution and what reactions can happen in each of them?
Let X be the halogen
X2 ------> X radical + X radical
X radical + Alkane ---> (Alkane - H) radical + HX
(Alkane - H) radical + X2 ---> (Alkane - H + X) + X radical
Any two radicals reacting together