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RCM 5 Theory > All > Flashcards

Flashcards in All Deck (65):
1

accelerando, accel.

becoming quicker

2

accent

a stressed note

3

adagio

slow

4

allegro

fast and lively

5

allegretto

fairly fast (a little slower than allegro)

6

andante

moderately slow; at a walking pace

7

andantino

a little faster than andante

8

a tempo

return to the original tempo

9

cantabile

in a singing style

10

crescendo, cres.

becoming louder

11

da capo, D.C.

from the beginning

12

dal segno, D.S.

from the sign

13

D.C. al fine

repeat from the beginning and end at Fine

14

decrescendo, decresc.

becoming softer

15

diminuendo, dim.

becoming softer

16

dolce

sweet, gentle

17

espressivo, espress.

expressive, with expression

18

fine

the end

19

forte, f

loud

20

fortissimo, ff

very loud

21

grazioso

graceful

22

larghetto

fairly slow, but not as slow as largo

23

largo

very slow

24

legato

smooth

25

leggiero

light, nimble, quick

26

lento

slow

27

maestoso

majestic

28

mano destra, m.d.

right hand

29

mano sinistra, m.s.

left hand

30

marcato

marked or stressed

31

mezzo forte, mf

moderately loud

32

mezzo piano, mp

moderately soft

33

moderato

at a moderate tempo

34

molto

much, very

35

ottava, 8va

at the interval of an octave

36

pedale, ped.

pedal

37

pianissimo, pp

very soft

38

piano, p

soft

39

poco

little

40

prestissimo

as fast as possible

41

presto

very fast

42

ritardando, rit.

slowing down gradually

43

rallentando, rall.

slowing down

44

rubato

with some freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression, "robbed time"

45

spiritoso

spirited

46

staccato

detache

47

tempo

speed at which music is performed

48

Tempo primo (Tempo I)

return to the original tempo

49

tranquillo

quiet, tranquil

50

vivace

lively, brisk

51

accent

a stressed note

52

breath mark

take a breath, and/or a slight pause or lift

53

common time

symbol for 4/4

54

cut time

symbol for 2/2/

55

double bar line

indicates the end of a piece

56

down bow

on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow downward

57

fermata (pause)

hold the note or rest longer than its written value

58

Leo

use the damper pedal (on the piano)

59

pedal marking

use the damper pedal (on the piano)

60

repeat sign

repeat the music within the two signs, or between the sign and the beginning of the piece

61

slur

play the notes smoothly legato

62

staccato

detached

63

tenuto

held, sustained, usually stressed

64

tie

hold for the combined value of the tied notes

65

up bow

on a bowed string instrument, play the note while drawing the bow upward