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Flashcards in All Deck (106)
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1

Total amount of energy that could be generated by the combustion reaction if a fuel were to completely burn.
Measured in?

Heat of combustion
Kilojoules or mega joules

2

Energy released per unit of time as a given fuel burns
Measured in?

Heat release rate
Kilowatts or megawatts

3

The dominant method of heat transfer in the early stages of fire development

Convection

4

Scientific measurement of how much heat is available for transfer to human skin or other surface

Heat flux

5

Pockets of flames seen intermittently in smoke

Ghosting

6

NFPA 1500

Standard on fire department occupational safety health and wellness

7

A continuous process of identifying hazards and risks and taking steps to eliminate or reduce them in the rapidly changing circumstances of an operational incident

Dynamic risk assessment

8

NFPA 1561

Standard on fire department incident management system

9

A magnesium silicate mineral that occurs as slender string flexible fibers

Asbestos

10

Colorless odorless gas causing headache dizziness weakness confusion nausea unconsciousness and death

Carbon monoxide

11

Colorless gas with a pungent odor highly irritating to the nose. Suspected carcinogen

Formaldehyde

12

Reddish brown gas or yellowish brown liquid highly toxic and corrosive

Nitrogen dioxide

13

Small particles that can be inhaled and deposited in the mouth trachea or lungs

Particulates

14

Colorless gas with chocking or suffocating odor toxic and corrosive

Sulfur dioxide

15

The practice of minimizing damage and providing customer service through effective mitigation and recovery efforts before during and after an incident

Loss control

16

Ongoing mental evaluation process performed by the operational officer in charge of an incident to evaluate all influencing factors and to develop strategic goals

Size-up

17

Operations conducted once the main body of fire is extinguished consisting of searching for and extinguishing hidden fire

Overhaul

18

Strong respiratory irritant produced when polyethylene is heated and when items containing cellulose

Acrolein

19

Colorless but very pungent and irritating gas given off in the thermal decomposition of materials containing chlorine

Hydrogen chloride

20

Colorless gas with a characteristic almond odor 20 times more toxic than CO produced by combustion of natural materials containing nitrogen as in polyurethane foam

Hydrogen cyanide

21

Colorless odorless and nonflammable gas produced in free burning fires. Nontoxic but excludes oxygen

Carbon dioxide

22

Gases liberated in combustion of pyroxylin plastics. Pulmonary irritant with vapors and smoke having reddish brown or copper color

Nitrogen oxides
Nitrogen dioxide is of most concern

23

Highly toxic colorless gas with odor of musty hay produced from refrigerants such as Freon contact flame

Phosgene

24

Heat removal from the interior of a building by fire fighters opening exterior windows and doors

Vent-as-you-go

25

Attempt to save property and reduce further damage after a fire by removing or covering

Salvage

26

NFPA 1932

Standard on use maintenance and service testing of in service fire department ground ladders

27

Ideal climbing angle for ladders

75 degrees

28

NFPA 1500

Standard on fire department occupational safety and health program

29

NFPA 1583

Standard on health related fitness programs

30

Ground ladders can be used up to how many stories in height

4