Allergic Rhinitis, Cough & Cold Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Allergic Rhinitis, Cough & Cold Deck (31):
1

Beconase AQ

beclomethasone
1-2 sprays EN BID

2

Qnasl

beclomethasone
2 sprays EN daily

3

Rhinocort

budesonide
available OTC

adult: 1 spray EN daily; MDD 4 sprays EN
age 6yo+: 1 spray EN daily: MDD 2 sprays EN

4

Omnaris

ciclesonide
2 sprays EN daily

5

Zetonna

ciclesonide
1 spray EN daily

6

flunisolide

flunisolide
2 sprays EN BID or TID

7

Flonase

fluticasone
available OTC

8

Dymista

fluticasone + azelastine
1 spray EN BID

9

Sensimist

fluticasone for children 2yo and up

10

Nasonex

mometasone

adult: 2 sprays EN daily
2-11yo: 1 spray EN daily

11

Nasacort AQ

triamcinolone
available OTC

adult: 1-2 sprays EN daily
6yo: use adult dose
2-5yo: 1 spray EN daily

12

What is the preferred nasal steroid in pregnancy?

Budesonide

13

Benadryl

diphenhydramine

adult: 25-50mg Q4-6H; MDD 300mg
6-11yo: 12.5-25mg Q4-6H; MDD 150mg

Do not use for children under 6 years old for self care.

14

Zyrtec

cetirizine

adult: 5-10mg QD
elderly: 5mg QD
>6yo: use adult dose
2-5yo: 2.5-5mg QD

15

Xyzal

levocetirizine

adult: 5mg QHS
6-11yo: 2.5mg QHS
6 mos-5yo: 1.25mg QHS

16

Allegra

fexofenadine

adult: 60mg BID or 180mg QD
2-11yo: 30mg BID

17

Claritine

loratadine

adult: 10mg QD or 5mg BID
>6yo: use adult dose
2-5yo: 5mg QD

18

Clarinex

desloratadine

adult: 5mg QD
6-11yo: 2.5mg QD
12 mos-5yo: 1.25mg QD
6-11mos: 1mg QD

19

Astelin, Astepro

azelastine

adult: 1-2 sprays EN BID
6-11yo: 1 spray EN BID

20

Patanase

olopatadine

adult: 2 sprays EN BID
6-11yo: 1 spray EN BID

21

MOA of decongestants

alpha-adrenergic agonists that work by causing vasoconstriction that decreases sinusoid vessel engorgement and mucosal edema

22

Afrin

oxymetazoline

adult: 2-3 sprays EN Q12H prn

Limit use to 3 days or less.

23

Privine

naphazoline

intranasal decongestant

24

Neo-Synephrine

phenylephrine

intranasal decongestant

25

Tyzine

tetrahydrozoline
RX only

intranasal decongestant

26

Nasalcrom

intranasal cromolyn

mast cell stabilizer
start at beginning of allergy season and used regularly (not prn)

can be used in pregnancy

27

Atrovent

intranasal ipratropium bromide

causes nasal dryness

28

Singulair

montelukast

29

Mucinex

guaifenesin
expectorants

30

Bromfed DM

pseudoephedrine + dextromethorphan

31

Tussionex

hydrocodone + chlorpheniramine